Behavioral Changes Associated With Pregnancy Recognition among Women of Childbearing Age

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160923
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Behavioral Changes Associated With Pregnancy Recognition among Women of Childbearing Age
Abstract:
Behavioral Changes Associated With Pregnancy Recognition among Women of Childbearing Age
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2010
Author:Ayoola, Adejoke, PhD., RN
P.I. Institution Name:Calvin College
Title:Nursing
Contact Address:3201 Burton St SE, Grand Rapids, MI, 49546, USA
Contact Telephone:616-526-6059
Co-Authors:A.B. Ayoola, A. Haag, G. Zandee, Nursing, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI; J. Brewer, Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI;
Background: The time of adoption of healthy behaviors relative to the stage of fetal development is important for positive birth outcomes. Women tend to adopt health promoting behaviors upon recognizing their pregnancy. This behavioral change has been associated with improved birth outcomes. This study explored the time women adopt health-promoting behaviors, and the types of behavioral changes that occur upon pregnancy recognition. The study also identified factors influencing the adoption of health promoting behaviors. Methods: Women of childbearing age who were pregnant or had experienced a pregnancy during the last three years participated in six focus group discussions. The discussions were held among Caucasian, African American, Hispanic/Latino and Native Americans. The sessions were tape-recorded, transcribed, and coded. The transcripts were analyzed using the NVIVO software. The Pender health promotion model was used as a guide in the discussions of the findings of the study. Results: Some women adopt health promoting behaviors as soon as they suspect their pregnancy and most women when pregnancy has been confirmed. Main behavioral changes adopted by women after recognizing their pregnancies include: change in nutrition and eating habits, initiation of prenatal care, exercise, reduction or cessation of smoking, and use of vitamins. Factors influencing whether a woman will adopt a health-promoting behavior are individual characteristics or experiences such as pregnancy planning status, prior pregnancy experiences and mother's pre-existing medical conditions; perceived benefits of the action such as the baby's welfare, perceived barriers to action such as the side effects of vitamin use, and interpersonal relationships such as friends, family and partner dynamics. Conclusions: Promoting baby's welfare is a strong reason for women to adopt health promoting behaviors during pregnancy. Early confirmation of pregnancy should be promoted to ensure early adoption of health promoting behaviors.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleBehavioral Changes Associated With Pregnancy Recognition among Women of Childbearing Ageen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160923-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Behavioral Changes Associated With Pregnancy Recognition among Women of Childbearing Age</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Ayoola, Adejoke, PhD., RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Calvin College</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">3201 Burton St SE, Grand Rapids, MI, 49546, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">616-526-6059</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">aba3@calvin.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">A.B. Ayoola, A. Haag, G. Zandee, Nursing, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI; J. Brewer, Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI;</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background: The time of adoption of healthy behaviors relative to the stage of fetal development is important for positive birth outcomes. Women tend to adopt health promoting behaviors upon recognizing their pregnancy. This behavioral change has been associated with improved birth outcomes. This study explored the time women adopt health-promoting behaviors, and the types of behavioral changes that occur upon pregnancy recognition. The study also identified factors influencing the adoption of health promoting behaviors. Methods: Women of childbearing age who were pregnant or had experienced a pregnancy during the last three years participated in six focus group discussions. The discussions were held among Caucasian, African American, Hispanic/Latino and Native Americans. The sessions were tape-recorded, transcribed, and coded. The transcripts were analyzed using the NVIVO software. The Pender health promotion model was used as a guide in the discussions of the findings of the study. Results: Some women adopt health promoting behaviors as soon as they suspect their pregnancy and most women when pregnancy has been confirmed. Main behavioral changes adopted by women after recognizing their pregnancies include: change in nutrition and eating habits, initiation of prenatal care, exercise, reduction or cessation of smoking, and use of vitamins. Factors influencing whether a woman will adopt a health-promoting behavior are individual characteristics or experiences such as pregnancy planning status, prior pregnancy experiences and mother's pre-existing medical conditions; perceived benefits of the action such as the baby's welfare, perceived barriers to action such as the side effects of vitamin use, and interpersonal relationships such as friends, family and partner dynamics. Conclusions: Promoting baby's welfare is a strong reason for women to adopt health promoting behaviors during pregnancy. Early confirmation of pregnancy should be promoted to ensure early adoption of health promoting behaviors.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:12:58Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:12:58Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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