2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/160978
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effects of a Model-Based Intervention on Use of Hearing Protectors among Farmers
Abstract:
Effects of a Model-Based Intervention on Use of Hearing Protectors among Farmers
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2010
Author:McCullagh, Marjorie, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of Michigan
Title:HPRR
Contact Address:Suite 3182, 400 N. Ingalls, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-5482, USA
Contact Telephone:7347633450
Co-Authors:M.C. McCullagh, Health Promotion Risk Reduction, University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI;
Hearing loss is a problem seriously affecting workers, including farm workers. Despite high rates of hearing loss, farmers' use of hearing protection is lower than in other industries. A previous study based on the Health Promotion Model has shown that hearing protector use among farmers is affected by barriers and situational factors in their work environment. There are various types of hearing protection devices (HPDs) available for farmers' use, but little is known about how use of different types of hearing protectors may influence perceived barriers, situational factors, and use. The aims of this study were to examine farmers' barriers and situational factors influencing use of specific types of HPDs, the factors they consider in selecting HPDs to use, and effects of introduction of an assortment of HPDs on HPD use. A random sample of farmers (n=32) was recruited by telephone from membership lists of a farm organization for this mixed-methods study. A pre-test based on a pre-established Model of Use (based on the Health Promotion Model) was used to obtain information regarding history of hearing protector use, sources for hearing health information, perceived hearing ability, and demographics. Participants were mailed an assortment of free hearing protectors for trial. About 2-3 months later, participants were interviewed by telephone about their experience. Of 32 pre-test participants, 27 (84%) provided post-test data. Users selected hearing protectors based on their perceived attenuation, comfort, and convenience; muffs and ear plugs were popular. Knowledge of, experience with, and access to HPDs strongly influenced use in this sample. Rates of use improved from 23 to 64% (a change of 41%; t=5.26; p<.000) during the study. Results will be used to develop and test interventions designed to increase hearing protector use and to decrease rates of noise-induced hearing loss among farmers.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffects of a Model-Based Intervention on Use of Hearing Protectors among Farmersen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/160978-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Effects of a Model-Based Intervention on Use of Hearing Protectors among Farmers</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">McCullagh, Marjorie, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Michigan</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">HPRR</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Suite 3182, 400 N. Ingalls, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-5482, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">7347633450</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">mcculla@umich.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">M.C. McCullagh, Health Promotion Risk Reduction, University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI;</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Hearing loss is a problem seriously affecting workers, including farm workers. Despite high rates of hearing loss, farmers' use of hearing protection is lower than in other industries. A previous study based on the Health Promotion Model has shown that hearing protector use among farmers is affected by barriers and situational factors in their work environment. There are various types of hearing protection devices (HPDs) available for farmers' use, but little is known about how use of different types of hearing protectors may influence perceived barriers, situational factors, and use. The aims of this study were to examine farmers' barriers and situational factors influencing use of specific types of HPDs, the factors they consider in selecting HPDs to use, and effects of introduction of an assortment of HPDs on HPD use. A random sample of farmers (n=32) was recruited by telephone from membership lists of a farm organization for this mixed-methods study. A pre-test based on a pre-established Model of Use (based on the Health Promotion Model) was used to obtain information regarding history of hearing protector use, sources for hearing health information, perceived hearing ability, and demographics. Participants were mailed an assortment of free hearing protectors for trial. About 2-3 months later, participants were interviewed by telephone about their experience. Of 32 pre-test participants, 27 (84%) provided post-test data. Users selected hearing protectors based on their perceived attenuation, comfort, and convenience; muffs and ear plugs were popular. Knowledge of, experience with, and access to HPDs strongly influenced use in this sample. Rates of use improved from 23 to 64% (a change of 41%; t=5.26; p&lt;.000) during the study. Results will be used to develop and test interventions designed to increase hearing protector use and to decrease rates of noise-induced hearing loss among farmers.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:13:54Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:13:54Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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