An Inquiry into the Cognitive and Emotional Responses of Older Adults When Viewing Artwork

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161138
Type:
Presentation
Title:
An Inquiry into the Cognitive and Emotional Responses of Older Adults When Viewing Artwork
Abstract:
An Inquiry into the Cognitive and Emotional Responses of Older Adults When Viewing Artwork
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2005
Author:Brukwitzki, Genee, PhDc, MSN, BSN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee
Title:Instructor
Contact Address:College of Nursing, PO Box 413, Milwaukee, WI, 53201, USA
Contact Telephone:414-229-4135
The arts can have a powerful influence on the lives of older adults.
The arts can uplift spirits, stir memories from the past, and facilitate
cognitive processes and emotional expression. While there have been
efforts to study the expressive effects of artwork, that is, the creating
of artwork, little is known about the receptive effects older adults have
when viewing artwork. The purpose of this study was to (a) explore the
cognitive and emotional responses reported by older adults when viewing
artwork, (b) reveal the progression of thoughts reported by older adults
when viewing artwork, (c) discover elements of artwork that are perceived
as beneficial by older adults, and (d) determine criteria for an artwork
selection that is potentially most beneficial for older adults. A
convenience sample of 26 community dwelling adults aged 65 and older were
recruited from senior centers and apartment buildings through personal
presentations and distributed/posted flyers. Single face-to-face
interviews lasting 60 to 175 minutes were done to elicit the participants'
thoughts and feelings while viewing eighteen 8 + x11 reproductions of
artwork by well-known artists. The interview followed the direction the
participant took, with the interviewer using interaction techniques to
elicit further elaboration. The audio-taped interviews were transcribed
verbatim and imported into QSR NVivo software to facilitate data
management. Thematic analysis of the data was done to identify patterns
across participants and across paintings. The findings showed that older
adults had numerous positive and negative emotional responses that were
induced by specific elements in the paintings. Multiple cognitive
responses were given such as description, analysis, and evaluation. Some
paintings elicited memories, while others induced participants to tell
stories or to determine a meaning being portrayed. Recommendations give
direction for artwork selections in older adult environments and for
strategies to elicit positive emotions and stimulate cognition.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAn Inquiry into the Cognitive and Emotional Responses of Older Adults When Viewing Artworken_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161138-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">An Inquiry into the Cognitive and Emotional Responses of Older Adults When Viewing Artwork</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Brukwitzki, Genee, PhDc, MSN, BSN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Instructor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing, PO Box 413, Milwaukee, WI, 53201, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">414-229-4135</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">brukwitz@execpc.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The arts can have a powerful influence on the lives of older adults. <br/> The arts can uplift spirits, stir memories from the past, and facilitate <br/> cognitive processes and emotional expression. While there have been <br/> efforts to study the expressive effects of artwork, that is, the creating <br/> of artwork, little is known about the receptive effects older adults have <br/> when viewing artwork. The purpose of this study was to (a) explore the <br/> cognitive and emotional responses reported by older adults when viewing <br/> artwork, (b) reveal the progression of thoughts reported by older adults <br/> when viewing artwork, (c) discover elements of artwork that are perceived <br/> as beneficial by older adults, and (d) determine criteria for an artwork <br/> selection that is potentially most beneficial for older adults. A <br/> convenience sample of 26 community dwelling adults aged 65 and older were <br/> recruited from senior centers and apartment buildings through personal <br/> presentations and distributed/posted flyers. Single face-to-face <br/> interviews lasting 60 to 175 minutes were done to elicit the participants'<br/> thoughts and feelings while viewing eighteen 8 + x11 reproductions of <br/> artwork by well-known artists. The interview followed the direction the <br/> participant took, with the interviewer using interaction techniques to <br/> elicit further elaboration. The audio-taped interviews were transcribed <br/> verbatim and imported into QSR NVivo software to facilitate data <br/> management. Thematic analysis of the data was done to identify patterns <br/> across participants and across paintings. The findings showed that older <br/> adults had numerous positive and negative emotional responses that were <br/> induced by specific elements in the paintings. Multiple cognitive <br/> responses were given such as description, analysis, and evaluation. Some <br/> paintings elicited memories, while others induced participants to tell <br/> stories or to determine a meaning being portrayed. Recommendations give <br/> direction for artwork selections in older adult environments and for <br/> strategies to elicit positive emotions and stimulate cognition.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:16:30Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:16:30Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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