2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161149
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Effects of Music Therapy on Surgical Patients
Abstract:
The Effects of Music Therapy on Surgical Patients
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2005
Author:Dunlap, Jozette
P.I. Institution Name:Hope College
Contact Address:School of Nursing, 35 E 12th St., Holland, MI, 49422, USA
Contact Telephone:616.638.8227
Co-Authors:Susan Dunn, Assistant Professor
Anxiety is a common psychological response prior to surgery, causing potential increases in oxygen consumption, cardiac output, and blood pressure, as well as an increased need for anesthetics. Nurses can promote the relaxation and comfort of surgical patients by offering music therapy to reduce anxiety. Florence Nightingale's Environmental Theory of Nursing promotes manipulation of the environment to assist patients in regaining a state of health. The purpose of this pilot study was to explore the effects of music therapy on pre- and post-operative anxiety. Data was collected from 40 adult patients undergoing minor outpatient surgeries through the use of a questionnaire, which measured anxiety levels on an analog scale and asked open-ended questions about the effects of music on anxiety level. An experimental group of 20 and a control group of 20 participated in this convenience sample at a hospital in western Michigan. The experimental group received music therapy consisting of headphones with gentle instrumental music and nature sounds during surgery, while the control group received conventional care. Quantitative data was analyzed using SPSS statistical software. The anxiety scores were analyzed utilizing means and t-tests to determine trends and differences between groups. The majority of patients expressed positive responses concerning the effects of music on anxiety, even among those who did not receive music therapy. Themes that emerged during qualitative analysis were also supportive of music therapy, identifying it as "helpful", "relaxing", and "nice". Limitations of this study included small sample size, lack of randomization, lack of ethnic diversity, and design flaws in the data collection tool. Implications of this study are that it will contribute to nurses and other health care providers' knowledge on the effects of music therapy in the surgical setting and may lead to a higher degree of patient satisfaction with the surgical experience.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Effects of Music Therapy on Surgical Patientsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161149-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Effects of Music Therapy on Surgical Patients</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Dunlap, Jozette</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Hope College</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">School of Nursing, 35 E 12th St., Holland, MI, 49422, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">616.638.8227</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">jozette.dunlap@hope.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Susan Dunn, Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Anxiety is a common psychological response prior to surgery, causing potential increases in oxygen consumption, cardiac output, and blood pressure, as well as an increased need for anesthetics. Nurses can promote the relaxation and comfort of surgical patients by offering music therapy to reduce anxiety. Florence Nightingale's Environmental Theory of Nursing promotes manipulation of the environment to assist patients in regaining a state of health. The purpose of this pilot study was to explore the effects of music therapy on pre- and post-operative anxiety. Data was collected from 40 adult patients undergoing minor outpatient surgeries through the use of a questionnaire, which measured anxiety levels on an analog scale and asked open-ended questions about the effects of music on anxiety level. An experimental group of 20 and a control group of 20 participated in this convenience sample at a hospital in western Michigan. The experimental group received music therapy consisting of headphones with gentle instrumental music and nature sounds during surgery, while the control group received conventional care. Quantitative data was analyzed using SPSS statistical software. The anxiety scores were analyzed utilizing means and t-tests to determine trends and differences between groups. The majority of patients expressed positive responses concerning the effects of music on anxiety, even among those who did not receive music therapy. Themes that emerged during qualitative analysis were also supportive of music therapy, identifying it as &quot;helpful&quot;, &quot;relaxing&quot;, and &quot;nice&quot;. Limitations of this study included small sample size, lack of randomization, lack of ethnic diversity, and design flaws in the data collection tool. Implications of this study are that it will contribute to nurses and other health care providers' knowledge on the effects of music therapy in the surgical setting and may lead to a higher degree of patient satisfaction with the surgical experience.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:16:41Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:16:41Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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