Correlations in 5th Graders refusal skills, assertiveness, level of anxiety, and self confidence and intention toward Tobacco, Alcohol, and Drug Use

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161159
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Correlations in 5th Graders refusal skills, assertiveness, level of anxiety, and self confidence and intention toward Tobacco, Alcohol, and Drug Use
Abstract:
Correlations in 5th Graders refusal skills, assertiveness, level of anxiety, and self confidence and intention toward Tobacco, Alcohol, and Drug Use
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2005
Author:Gross, Jennifer
P.I. Institution Name:University of Cincinnati
Contact Address:College of Nursing, 3110 Vine St., Cincinnati, OH, 45221, USA
Contact Telephone:513-58-5448
Co-Authors:Susan Elek, PhD, CPNP, Associate Professor; Jan Dyehouse, Professor; and Cooper Leslie
The purpose of this study was to assess changes in 5th grade student's refusal skills, assertiveness, level of anxiety and self confidence related to intentions toward tobacco, alcohol and drug use while experiencing the D.A.R.E. program. The Botvin Life Skills model for tobacco and alcohol use prevention was used to assess studentÆs changes at 3 points in time during the 5th grade. Research indicates that the longer we are able to delay use, the less likely a person is to continue use throughout their adult life. This cohort study examines a convenience sample of 137 5th grade students from two schools in a Midwest community. Correlations were used to compare intentions toward drug use and refusal skills, assertiveness skills, anxiety reduction skills, and self confidence. Across the two schools there was a significant relationship between intention to use and the ability to use refusal skills. Those students with decreased refusal skills scored higher on intention toward use. There was a significant relationship between intention toward drug use and the ability to just say "no" although there was no significant relationship on the students ability to use a variety of coping techniques. Thus students may be able to say "no", but if challenged beyond saying "no" they may lack alternate ways of handling the situation. For the skills of assertiveness, anxiety reduction and self confidence there was a significant relationship with intention toward drug use. Those students who scored higher on these three skills, assertiveness, anxiety reduction and self confidence had lower intention toward drug use. These results indicate the need for an intervention program that strengthens the student's ability to use a variety of refusal skills, increase assertiveness, learn skills to reduce anxiety, and strengthen self confidence to reduce intention toward drug use. (Poster Presentation)
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCorrelations in 5th Graders refusal skills, assertiveness, level of anxiety, and self confidence and intention toward Tobacco, Alcohol, and Drug Useen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161159-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Correlations in 5th Graders refusal skills, assertiveness, level of anxiety, and self confidence and intention toward Tobacco, Alcohol, and Drug Use</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Gross, Jennifer</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Cincinnati</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing, 3110 Vine St., Cincinnati, OH, 45221, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">513-58-5448</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">jenfnp@fuse.net</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Susan Elek, PhD, CPNP, Associate Professor; Jan Dyehouse, Professor; and Cooper Leslie</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purpose of this study was to assess changes in 5th grade student's refusal skills, assertiveness, level of anxiety and self confidence related to intentions toward tobacco, alcohol and drug use while experiencing the D.A.R.E. program. The Botvin Life Skills model for tobacco and alcohol use prevention was used to assess student&AElig;s changes at 3 points in time during the 5th grade. Research indicates that the longer we are able to delay use, the less likely a person is to continue use throughout their adult life. This cohort study examines a convenience sample of 137 5th grade students from two schools in a Midwest community. Correlations were used to compare intentions toward drug use and refusal skills, assertiveness skills, anxiety reduction skills, and self confidence. Across the two schools there was a significant relationship between intention to use and the ability to use refusal skills. Those students with decreased refusal skills scored higher on intention toward use. There was a significant relationship between intention toward drug use and the ability to just say &quot;no&quot; although there was no significant relationship on the students ability to use a variety of coping techniques. Thus students may be able to say &quot;no&quot;, but if challenged beyond saying &quot;no&quot; they may lack alternate ways of handling the situation. For the skills of assertiveness, anxiety reduction and self confidence there was a significant relationship with intention toward drug use. Those students who scored higher on these three skills, assertiveness, anxiety reduction and self confidence had lower intention toward drug use. These results indicate the need for an intervention program that strengthens the student's ability to use a variety of refusal skills, increase assertiveness, learn skills to reduce anxiety, and strengthen self confidence to reduce intention toward drug use. (Poster Presentation)</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:16:51Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:16:51Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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