Predicting the Use of Personal Respiratory Protection by Workers in Swine Confinement Buildings

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161173
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Predicting the Use of Personal Respiratory Protection by Workers in Swine Confinement Buildings
Abstract:
Predicting the Use of Personal Respiratory Protection by Workers in Swine Confinement Buildings
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2005
Author:Jones, Myra Susan, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Western Kentucky University
Title:Associate Professor
Contact Address:Department of Nursing, 1009 Homestead Court, Bowling Green, KY, 42104, USA
Contact Telephone:270-745-3213
Co-Authors:Donna M. Gates, EdD, MPH, MSN, RN, Professor and Linda Baas, PhD, RN, ACNP, CCNS, Professor
The purpose of this study was to identify the variables that influence
the frequency of personal respiratory protection (PRP) use by workers in
swine confinement buildings (SCBs). The study was designed to answer four
research questions: 1). What is the validity and reliability of the
Personal Respiratory Protection survey (PRPS)? 2). How frequently do
workers in SCBs wear PRP? 3). How do demographics, occupational histories,
and self-reported respiratory health histories influence the use of PRP in
SCBs? and 4). What are the relationships of the constructs (benefits,
barriers, susceptibility, severity, norms) to the use of PRP by SCB
workers? The investigator developed an instrument that included a
questionnaire to elicit demographics, occupational and respiratory
histories, and frequency of PRP use among SCB workers. The instrument
included the PRPS that contained five Likert scales developed to measure
five constructs theorized to influence the frequency of PRP use by SCB
workers. To establish the instrumentÆs content validity a two-phase
process included a critique by a group of eight experts and a pilot test
with six SCB workers. Data for the study were collected from 503 SCB
workers attending the 2003 World Pork Expo in Des Moines, Iowa. Principle
component analysis (PCA) and varimax rotation were used to establish
construct validity and resulted in the identification of eight factors
(i.e., benefits, norms, severity, susceptibility, personal barriers,
knowledge barriers, external barriers, and habit barriers). Cronbach alpha
values for the factors ranged from .58 to .91 with all but two values
exceeding .77. Descriptive analysis found that 36.3% of the workers never
used and 21.2% seldom used PRP at the worksite during the past year.
Stepwise hierarchical regression was used to predict the frequency of PRP
use with 38.9% of the total variance explained by the studyÆs variables.
Recommendations for future research along with implications for theory and
practice will be shared.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePredicting the Use of Personal Respiratory Protection by Workers in Swine Confinement Buildingsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161173-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Predicting the Use of Personal Respiratory Protection by Workers in Swine Confinement Buildings</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Jones, Myra Susan, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Western Kentucky University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Department of Nursing, 1009 Homestead Court, Bowling Green, KY, 42104, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">270-745-3213</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">susan.jones@wku.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Donna M. Gates, EdD, MPH, MSN, RN, Professor and Linda Baas, PhD, RN, ACNP, CCNS, Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purpose of this study was to identify the variables that influence <br/> the frequency of personal respiratory protection (PRP) use by workers in <br/> swine confinement buildings (SCBs). The study was designed to answer four <br/> research questions: 1). What is the validity and reliability of the <br/> Personal Respiratory Protection survey (PRPS)? 2). How frequently do <br/> workers in SCBs wear PRP? 3). How do demographics, occupational histories, <br/> and self-reported respiratory health histories influence the use of PRP in <br/> SCBs? and 4). What are the relationships of the constructs (benefits, <br/> barriers, susceptibility, severity, norms) to the use of PRP by SCB <br/> workers? The investigator developed an instrument that included a <br/> questionnaire to elicit demographics, occupational and respiratory <br/> histories, and frequency of PRP use among SCB workers. The instrument <br/> included the PRPS that contained five Likert scales developed to measure <br/> five constructs theorized to influence the frequency of PRP use by SCB <br/> workers. To establish the instrument&AElig;s content validity a two-phase <br/> process included a critique by a group of eight experts and a pilot test <br/> with six SCB workers. Data for the study were collected from 503 SCB <br/> workers attending the 2003 World Pork Expo in Des Moines, Iowa. Principle <br/> component analysis (PCA) and varimax rotation were used to establish <br/> construct validity and resulted in the identification of eight factors <br/> (i.e., benefits, norms, severity, susceptibility, personal barriers, <br/> knowledge barriers, external barriers, and habit barriers). Cronbach alpha <br/> values for the factors ranged from .58 to .91 with all but two values <br/> exceeding .77. Descriptive analysis found that 36.3% of the workers never <br/> used and 21.2% seldom used PRP at the worksite during the past year. <br/> Stepwise hierarchical regression was used to predict the frequency of PRP <br/> use with 38.9% of the total variance explained by the study&AElig;s variables. <br/> Recommendations for future research along with implications for theory and <br/> practice will be shared.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:17:05Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:17:05Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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