Development of a Model to identify Factors Influencing the Health Behavior and Delinquency of Korean Adolescents

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161178
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Development of a Model to identify Factors Influencing the Health Behavior and Delinquency of Korean Adolescents
Abstract:
Development of a Model to identify Factors Influencing the Health Behavior and Delinquency of Korean Adolescents
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2005
Author:Kim, Hyeon Suk, PhD, MPH, BA
P.I. Institution Name:University of Michigan
Title:Predoctoral Student
Contact Address:School of Nursing, 2231 Cram Place #6, Ann Arbor, MI, 48105, USA
Contact Telephone:734-763-8299
This study was undertaken to identify changeable factors, which
influence adolescents' health- promoting behavior (exercise, diet, sleep,
oral hygiene, and physical hygiene), health risk behavior (smoking,
alcohol drinking, drug use, sexual behavior and suicide) and juvenile
delinquency. In addition, the study developed a model of influencing
factors, which can be used to establish health promotion and education
programs that will enhance health-promoting behavior and reduce the health
risk behavior and delinquency of adolescents. As the conceptual framework,
the social development model was used based on individual aspects, such as
adolescent characteristics and social relationship with parents and
schools. The questionnaires were administered to high school students
(N=890) in Seoul, Korea. The survey items categorized through factor
analysis were standardized to resolve the differences in scales. The
findings were used to develop a model through structural equation model
utilizing LISREL. Health-promoting behavior was positively related to
health behavior self-efficacy (gamma=.698), health interest of parents
(gamma=.144), and social support (gamma=.111). Health risk behavior and
juvenile delinquency were more prominent with lower self-control
(gamma=-.300), lower health behavior self-efficacy (gamma=-.174), and
self-assertiveness (gamma=-.113). For males, self-control is the most
important factor to reduce health risk behaviors and delinquency whereas
health behavior self-efficacy is a crucial factor to prevent these
behaviors for females. In conclusion, enhancing self-control,
self-assertiveness, and health behavior self-efficacy may reduce health
risk behavior and delinquency. According to the final model, decreasing
health risk behavior may contribute to the prevention of juvenile
delinquency because behaviors such as smoking and drinking have a tendency
to develop into more problematic ones and progress to juvenile
delinquency. Adolescents should be taught skills including self-control,
self-assertiveness, and health behavior self-efficacy to prevent health
risk behavior and juvenile delinquency.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDevelopment of a Model to identify Factors Influencing the Health Behavior and Delinquency of Korean Adolescentsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161178-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Development of a Model to identify Factors Influencing the Health Behavior and Delinquency of Korean Adolescents</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Kim, Hyeon Suk, PhD, MPH, BA</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Michigan</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Predoctoral Student</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">School of Nursing, 2231 Cram Place #6, Ann Arbor, MI, 48105, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">734-763-8299</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">hyeonsuk@umich.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">This study was undertaken to identify changeable factors, which <br/> influence adolescents' health- promoting behavior (exercise, diet, sleep, <br/> oral hygiene, and physical hygiene), health risk behavior (smoking, <br/> alcohol drinking, drug use, sexual behavior and suicide) and juvenile <br/> delinquency. In addition, the study developed a model of influencing <br/> factors, which can be used to establish health promotion and education <br/> programs that will enhance health-promoting behavior and reduce the health <br/> risk behavior and delinquency of adolescents. As the conceptual framework, <br/> the social development model was used based on individual aspects, such as <br/> adolescent characteristics and social relationship with parents and <br/> schools. The questionnaires were administered to high school students <br/> (N=890) in Seoul, Korea. The survey items categorized through factor <br/> analysis were standardized to resolve the differences in scales. The <br/> findings were used to develop a model through structural equation model <br/> utilizing LISREL. Health-promoting behavior was positively related to <br/> health behavior self-efficacy (gamma=.698), health interest of parents <br/> (gamma=.144), and social support (gamma=.111). Health risk behavior and <br/> juvenile delinquency were more prominent with lower self-control <br/> (gamma=-.300), lower health behavior self-efficacy (gamma=-.174), and <br/> self-assertiveness (gamma=-.113). For males, self-control is the most <br/> important factor to reduce health risk behaviors and delinquency whereas <br/> health behavior self-efficacy is a crucial factor to prevent these <br/> behaviors for females. In conclusion, enhancing self-control, <br/> self-assertiveness, and health behavior self-efficacy may reduce health <br/> risk behavior and delinquency. According to the final model, decreasing <br/> health risk behavior may contribute to the prevention of juvenile <br/> delinquency because behaviors such as smoking and drinking have a tendency <br/> to develop into more problematic ones and progress to juvenile <br/> delinquency. Adolescents should be taught skills including self-control, <br/> self-assertiveness, and health behavior self-efficacy to prevent health <br/> risk behavior and juvenile delinquency.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:17:10Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:17:10Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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