Relationship Among Risk Factors for Nephrolithiasis, Cardiovascular Disease, and Ethnicity in a Law Enforcement Cohort

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161213
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Relationship Among Risk Factors for Nephrolithiasis, Cardiovascular Disease, and Ethnicity in a Law Enforcement Cohort
Abstract:
Relationship Among Risk Factors for Nephrolithiasis, Cardiovascular Disease, and Ethnicity in a Law Enforcement Cohort
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2005
Author:Ramey, Sandra, PhD, MSN, BS
P.I. Institution Name:Marquette University
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:Nursing Department, PO Box 1881, Milwaukee, WI, 53201, USA
Contact Telephone:4142883857
Objectives This cross-sectional study determined the prevalence of
nephrolithiasis in a large group of male law enforcement officers (LEOs)
in nine Midwestern states and the extent to which common cardiovascular
disease (CVD) risk factors were associated with this disease. Methods
Self-reported nephrolithiasis and CVD risk factors among currently
employed male LEOs from nine states (n=2,818) were compared to other males
in the same states (n=9,650). Results Of the LEOs, 6.2% (n=174)
self-reported at least one kidney stone (range=1 to 12, mean of 2.3 + 2.1
stones). Twenty-five percent of Native American LEOs (n=7 of 28)
self-reported a history of stones. In LEOs with a history of
nephrolithiasis, overweight defined as body mass index > 25 kgòm-2
[OR=1.80, 95% CI=(1.04 û 3.11)], hypercholesterolemia [1.53 (1.09 û 2.15)]
hypertension [1.46 (1.02 û 2.11)], and were associated with the disease.
Conclusion These results suggest officers with common CVD risk factors are
also at an increased risk for nephrolithiasis. Native American LEOs have a
disproportionately higher prevalence of nephrolithiasis than other ethnic
groups. Key terms: prevalence, renal calculi, police
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleRelationship Among Risk Factors for Nephrolithiasis, Cardiovascular Disease, and Ethnicity in a Law Enforcement Cohorten_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161213-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Relationship Among Risk Factors for Nephrolithiasis, Cardiovascular Disease, and Ethnicity in a Law Enforcement Cohort</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Ramey, Sandra, PhD, MSN, BS</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Marquette University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Nursing Department, PO Box 1881, Milwaukee, WI, 53201, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">4142883857</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">sandra.ramey@marquette.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objectives This cross-sectional study determined the prevalence of <br/> nephrolithiasis in a large group of male law enforcement officers (LEOs) <br/> in nine Midwestern states and the extent to which common cardiovascular <br/> disease (CVD) risk factors were associated with this disease. Methods <br/> Self-reported nephrolithiasis and CVD risk factors among currently <br/> employed male LEOs from nine states (n=2,818) were compared to other males <br/> in the same states (n=9,650). Results Of the LEOs, 6.2% (n=174) <br/> self-reported at least one kidney stone (range=1 to 12, mean of 2.3 + 2.1 <br/> stones). Twenty-five percent of Native American LEOs (n=7 of 28) <br/> self-reported a history of stones. In LEOs with a history of <br/> nephrolithiasis, overweight defined as body mass index &gt; 25 kg&ograve;m-2 <br/> [OR=1.80, 95% CI=(1.04 &ucirc; 3.11)], hypercholesterolemia [1.53 (1.09 &ucirc; 2.15)] <br/> hypertension [1.46 (1.02 &ucirc; 2.11)], and were associated with the disease. <br/> Conclusion These results suggest officers with common CVD risk factors are <br/> also at an increased risk for nephrolithiasis. Native American LEOs have a <br/> disproportionately higher prevalence of nephrolithiasis than other ethnic <br/> groups. Key terms: prevalence, renal calculi, police</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:17:44Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:17:44Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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