2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161224
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Tailored Interventions to Enhance Osteoporosis Prevention in Women
Abstract:
Tailored Interventions to Enhance Osteoporosis Prevention in Women
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2005
Author:Sedlak, Carol, PhD, RN, CNS, ONC
P.I. Institution Name:Kent State University
Title:Associate Professor
Contact Address:College of Nursing, Henderson Hall, Kent, OH, 44242, USA
Contact Telephone:330-672-8836
Co-Authors:Margaret O. Doheny, PhD, RN, CNS, ONC, Professor; Patricia Estok, PhD, RN, FAAN, Emeritus Professor; and Richard Zeller, PhD, MA, BA, Professor
Behaviors tailored to prevent bone loss can prevent and/or delay the
development of osteoporosis. The challenge is to encourage women to engage
in these behaviors. The Revised Health Belief Model provides the
theoretical framework. The purpose was to determine if tailored nursing
interventions based on knowledge of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry
results cause increases in knowledge of osteoporosis, changes in health
beliefs (HB), or changes in osteoporosis prevention behaviors (OPB) in
postmenopausal women age 50-65 years. Research questions focused on
whether tailored interventions increase: 1) Knowledge of osteoporosis, 2)
Positive health beliefs (or decrease barriers), and 3) OPB. The sample for
this experimental study was comprised of 124 women. A tailored
intervention was provided by phone followed by a written mailed copy of
the intervention. Six months later a questionnaire was mailed to determine
if the tailored intervention made a difference in outcome variables. Data
were analyzed using t-tests and descriptive statistics. Knowledge was
significantly higher in the tailored group (Mean=19.83); nontailored group
(Mean=17.30) (t=3.105; df=122; p=.002). There were significantly more
perceived barriers to calcium in the tailored group (Mean=13.48);
nontailored group (Mean=11.55) (t=2.147; df=122; p=.034) and more
perceived barriers to exercise in the tailored group (Mean=14.39);
nontailored group (Mean=12.21) (t=2.144; df=122; p=.034). Both groups
exhibited a significant increase in calcium intake; there was no
significant difference in the groups. Surprisingly, the tailored group
exhibited a significant decrease in exercise from 96.04 to 59.2 minutes
(t=2.326; df=22: p=.030). Tailored interventions increased women's
knowledge of osteoporosis. Other findings were mixed and require further
study of tailored interventions and their implications for osteoporosis
prevention and treatment.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleTailored Interventions to Enhance Osteoporosis Prevention in Womenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161224-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Tailored Interventions to Enhance Osteoporosis Prevention in Women</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Sedlak, Carol, PhD, RN, CNS, ONC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Kent State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing, Henderson Hall, Kent, OH, 44242, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">330-672-8836</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">csedlak@kent.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Margaret O. Doheny, PhD, RN, CNS, ONC, Professor; Patricia Estok, PhD, RN, FAAN, Emeritus Professor; and Richard Zeller, PhD, MA, BA, Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Behaviors tailored to prevent bone loss can prevent and/or delay the <br/> development of osteoporosis. The challenge is to encourage women to engage <br/> in these behaviors. The Revised Health Belief Model provides the <br/> theoretical framework. The purpose was to determine if tailored nursing <br/> interventions based on knowledge of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry <br/> results cause increases in knowledge of osteoporosis, changes in health <br/> beliefs (HB), or changes in osteoporosis prevention behaviors (OPB) in <br/> postmenopausal women age 50-65 years. Research questions focused on <br/> whether tailored interventions increase: 1) Knowledge of osteoporosis, 2) <br/> Positive health beliefs (or decrease barriers), and 3) OPB. The sample for <br/> this experimental study was comprised of 124 women. A tailored <br/> intervention was provided by phone followed by a written mailed copy of <br/> the intervention. Six months later a questionnaire was mailed to determine <br/> if the tailored intervention made a difference in outcome variables. Data <br/> were analyzed using t-tests and descriptive statistics. Knowledge was <br/> significantly higher in the tailored group (Mean=19.83); nontailored group <br/> (Mean=17.30) (t=3.105; df=122; p=.002). There were significantly more <br/> perceived barriers to calcium in the tailored group (Mean=13.48); <br/> nontailored group (Mean=11.55) (t=2.147; df=122; p=.034) and more <br/> perceived barriers to exercise in the tailored group (Mean=14.39); <br/> nontailored group (Mean=12.21) (t=2.144; df=122; p=.034). Both groups <br/> exhibited a significant increase in calcium intake; there was no <br/> significant difference in the groups. Surprisingly, the tailored group <br/> exhibited a significant decrease in exercise from 96.04 to 59.2 minutes <br/> (t=2.326; df=22: p=.030). Tailored interventions increased women's <br/> knowledge of osteoporosis. Other findings were mixed and require further <br/> study of tailored interventions and their implications for osteoporosis <br/> prevention and treatment.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:17:54Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:17:54Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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