Physical activity, social support and quality of life (QOL) in persons living with HIV disease (PLWHD)

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161426
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Physical activity, social support and quality of life (QOL) in persons living with HIV disease (PLWHD)
Abstract:
Physical activity, social support and quality of life (QOL) in persons living with HIV disease (PLWHD)
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2003
Author:Clingerman, Evelyn
Contact Address:SON, 29122 Heritage Lane, Paw Paw, MI, 49079, USA
Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to describe physical activity, social support and QOL in PLWHD; and to describe relationships between and among these variables. Theoretical/Conceptual Framework: Chronic conditions have a course that varies and changes over time, and reflect a trajectory, or path that can be plotted. The trajectory of an illness can be shaped using self-management techniques and skills. The chronic illness trajectory model (Corbin & Strauss, 1992) has been threaded into a successful chronic disease self-management program utilized by clients with numerous chronic conditions, including HIV. This framework provided insight with respect to health promotion behaviors believed to influence the enhancement or maintenance of QOL for PLWHD. Subjects: Subjects were recruited from two settings: (a) an infectious disease clinic, (n=68), and (b) a community service organization (n=10). The typical subject was a male (89.7%), African American (51.3%), 40.4 years (SD=8.33) of age, diagnosed at 32.5 years (SD 9.19), and had been diagnosed for 7.8 years. Method: Participants were asked to complete four study instruments: Personal Profile Form (PPF), Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire (NSSQ), Physical Activity Questionnaire, (PAQ) and Medical Outcomes Survey- HIV-35 (MOS-HIV). Descriptive statistics were used to summarize demographic data and responses to the instruments. Correlational statistics were used to describe relationships, and a standard method of regression analysis was used to test a model for significance. Results: The sample reported multiple types of physical activity and social support behaviors. Physical activity was highly (r=.73, p=<. 001) correlated with quality of life scores, and the regression analysis (R2=0.53, F(2,75)=44.16, p <.00)revealed that physical activity accounted for 52% (b=.72, t=9.06, p <. 00) of the variance in QOL scores, while social support did not contribute significantly to the model. AN: MN030265
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePhysical activity, social support and quality of life (QOL) in persons living with HIV disease (PLWHD)en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161426-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Physical activity, social support and quality of life (QOL) in persons living with HIV disease (PLWHD)</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Clingerman, Evelyn</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">SON, 29122 Heritage Lane, Paw Paw, MI, 49079, USA</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to describe physical activity, social support and QOL in PLWHD; and to describe relationships between and among these variables. Theoretical/Conceptual Framework: Chronic conditions have a course that varies and changes over time, and reflect a trajectory, or path that can be plotted. The trajectory of an illness can be shaped using self-management techniques and skills. The chronic illness trajectory model (Corbin &amp; Strauss, 1992) has been threaded into a successful chronic disease self-management program utilized by clients with numerous chronic conditions, including HIV. This framework provided insight with respect to health promotion behaviors believed to influence the enhancement or maintenance of QOL for PLWHD. Subjects: Subjects were recruited from two settings: (a) an infectious disease clinic, (n=68), and (b) a community service organization (n=10). The typical subject was a male (89.7%), African American (51.3%), 40.4 years (SD=8.33) of age, diagnosed at 32.5 years (SD 9.19), and had been diagnosed for 7.8 years. Method: Participants were asked to complete four study instruments: Personal Profile Form (PPF), Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire (NSSQ), Physical Activity Questionnaire, (PAQ) and Medical Outcomes Survey- HIV-35 (MOS-HIV). Descriptive statistics were used to summarize demographic data and responses to the instruments. Correlational statistics were used to describe relationships, and a standard method of regression analysis was used to test a model for significance. Results: The sample reported multiple types of physical activity and social support behaviors. Physical activity was highly (r=.73, p=&lt;. 001) correlated with quality of life scores, and the regression analysis (R2=0.53, F(2,75)=44.16, p &lt;.00)revealed that physical activity accounted for 52% (b=.72, t=9.06, p &lt;. 00) of the variance in QOL scores, while social support did not contribute significantly to the model. AN: MN030265 </td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:21:09Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:21:09Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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