Effects of an Education Intervention on Knowledge, Attitude and Self-Care Behavior among Taiwanese COPD Patients

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161439
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effects of an Education Intervention on Knowledge, Attitude and Self-Care Behavior among Taiwanese COPD Patients
Abstract:
Effects of an Education Intervention on Knowledge, Attitude and Self-Care Behavior among Taiwanese COPD Patients
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2003
Author:Guo, Su-Er
Contact Address:Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complicated, debilitated disease process that affects more than 2 million Taiwanese. A major nursing goal is to improve COPD patients’ knowledge and self-care behaviors to prevent readmission. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in knowledge, attitude, and self-care behaviors in those who received and those who did not receive a COPD education program. Social Cognitive Theory and the Health Promotion Model provided the frameworks for choosing the variables to be studied. The convenience sample consisted of 61 COPD hospitalized Taiwanese patients (30 experimental group; 31 control group). Subjects were primarily men (67.2%), married (98.4%), had an elementary education (41.0%), and with a mean age of 68. A randomized trial using a pre test post test design was used to detect the effects of an education program on knowledge, attitude and self-care. There was no significant difference in the study groups in demographic data and baseline scores of knowledge, attitudes and self-care behaviors. Results: Significant study groups differences in knowledge (t=12.56, p < .00), attitudes (t=8.44, p < .00), and self-care behavior (t=2.88, p < .00) were found. Significant associations were found between knowledge and attitudes (r=.69, p< .00) and knowledge and self-care behaviors (r=.57, p< .00). Higher knowledge scores were associated with more positive attitudes and more self-care behaviors. Significant predictors in self-care behaviors improvement were knowledge (F=14.36, p < .00) and initial self-care behaviors (F=7.35, p< .00). Conclusions: A COPD education intervention can improve knowledge, attitudes and self-care in COPD patients. Knowledge regarding COPD was a predictor of self-care behaviors, thus patients with low level of COPD knowledge can be referred to educational programs aimed at improving their attitudes, knowledge, and self-care behaviors of COPD. AN: MN030142
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffects of an Education Intervention on Knowledge, Attitude and Self-Care Behavior among Taiwanese COPD Patientsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161439-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Effects of an Education Intervention on Knowledge, Attitude and Self-Care Behavior among Taiwanese COPD Patients </td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Guo, Su-Er</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complicated, debilitated disease process that affects more than 2 million Taiwanese. A major nursing goal is to improve COPD patients&rsquo; knowledge and self-care behaviors to prevent readmission. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in knowledge, attitude, and self-care behaviors in those who received and those who did not receive a COPD education program. Social Cognitive Theory and the Health Promotion Model provided the frameworks for choosing the variables to be studied. The convenience sample consisted of 61 COPD hospitalized Taiwanese patients (30 experimental group; 31 control group). Subjects were primarily men (67.2%), married (98.4%), had an elementary education (41.0%), and with a mean age of 68. A randomized trial using a pre test post test design was used to detect the effects of an education program on knowledge, attitude and self-care. There was no significant difference in the study groups in demographic data and baseline scores of knowledge, attitudes and self-care behaviors. Results: Significant study groups differences in knowledge (t=12.56, p &lt; .00), attitudes (t=8.44, p &lt; .00), and self-care behavior (t=2.88, p &lt; .00) were found. Significant associations were found between knowledge and attitudes (r=.69, p&lt; .00) and knowledge and self-care behaviors (r=.57, p&lt; .00). Higher knowledge scores were associated with more positive attitudes and more self-care behaviors. Significant predictors in self-care behaviors improvement were knowledge (F=14.36, p &lt; .00) and initial self-care behaviors (F=7.35, p&lt; .00). Conclusions: A COPD education intervention can improve knowledge, attitudes and self-care in COPD patients. Knowledge regarding COPD was a predictor of self-care behaviors, thus patients with low level of COPD knowledge can be referred to educational programs aimed at improving their attitudes, knowledge, and self-care behaviors of COPD. AN: MN030142 </td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:21:22Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:21:22Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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