2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161498
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Development of Cultural Belief Scales for Mammography Screening
Abstract:
Development of Cultural Belief Scales for Mammography Screening
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2003
Author:Russell, Kathleen
P.I. Institution Name:IUPUI
Contact Address:SON, 1111 W. Middle Drive, Indianapolis, IN, 46202-5107, USA
Improvement in the initiation and sustainability of regular breast cancer screening practices is needed among women of color. Culture influences health-seeking behaviors and is a major determinant of preventive health practices. In the context of breast cancer, various ethnic and racial groups hold cultural beliefs about this disease. To increase the predictability of breast cancer screening behaviors among diverse women, the inclusion of cultural belief constructs in health behavior models is warranted. The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument to measure culturally related variables that may influence mammography screening behaviors in African American women. Constructs from Giger and Davidhizer's cultural assessment model for health were used to guide the development of belief scales, including personal space preferences, temporal orientation, and perceived control in regards to the mammogram procedure and early disease detection. Scale items were generated from literature review, focus groups, and review content by experts. The newly develop scales were administered to 111 African-American and 64 Caucasian women who were recruited from community organizations and public housing. Space items factored into a 10-item physical space scale and an 8-item interpersonal space scale. Temporal orientation items loaded on one factor creating a 9-item scale. Control items factored into a 4-item internal control scale and a 6-item external control scale. Cronbach's alpha coefficients for the scales ranged from .75 to .88. Interpersonal space preferences, temporal orientation, and perceived internal control scales were predictive of mammography screening adherence. Scales did not differ between African-American and Caucasian women on average. The scales may be useful in future investigations aimed at increasing mammography screening in both African-American and Caucasian women. AN: MN030130
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDevelopment of Cultural Belief Scales for Mammography Screeningen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161498-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Development of Cultural Belief Scales for Mammography Screening </td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Russell, Kathleen</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">IUPUI</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">SON, 1111 W. Middle Drive, Indianapolis, IN, 46202-5107, USA</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Improvement in the initiation and sustainability of regular breast cancer screening practices is needed among women of color. Culture influences health-seeking behaviors and is a major determinant of preventive health practices. In the context of breast cancer, various ethnic and racial groups hold cultural beliefs about this disease. To increase the predictability of breast cancer screening behaviors among diverse women, the inclusion of cultural belief constructs in health behavior models is warranted. The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument to measure culturally related variables that may influence mammography screening behaviors in African American women. Constructs from Giger and Davidhizer's cultural assessment model for health were used to guide the development of belief scales, including personal space preferences, temporal orientation, and perceived control in regards to the mammogram procedure and early disease detection. Scale items were generated from literature review, focus groups, and review content by experts. The newly develop scales were administered to 111 African-American and 64 Caucasian women who were recruited from community organizations and public housing. Space items factored into a 10-item physical space scale and an 8-item interpersonal space scale. Temporal orientation items loaded on one factor creating a 9-item scale. Control items factored into a 4-item internal control scale and a 6-item external control scale. Cronbach's alpha coefficients for the scales ranged from .75 to .88. Interpersonal space preferences, temporal orientation, and perceived internal control scales were predictive of mammography screening adherence. Scales did not differ between African-American and Caucasian women on average. The scales may be useful in future investigations aimed at increasing mammography screening in both African-American and Caucasian women. AN: MN030130 </td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:22:20Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:22:20Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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