2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161515
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Nutritional Intake in VLBW Infants with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Abstract:
Nutritional Intake in VLBW Infants with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2003
Author:Steward, Deborah
Contact Address:CON, 1585 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA
Inadequate growth is the most common morbidity confronting very low birthweight (VLBW) infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and is well established by 28 days of life. Although the poor growth of these infants is well documented, there is little evidence explaining the development of this poor growth. Inadequate growth begins during the first few days of life while the VLBW infant is acutely ill from respiratory distress and continues as respiratory distress evolves into BPD. Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare growth and nutritional intake in two groups of very low-birthweight infants who had respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) during the first weeks of life: a group in which respiratory distress resolved and a group who developed BPD. Study Design: Retrospective data were obtained from medical records to analyze nutritional intake and weight gain during the first two weeks of life. Twenty-eight very low-birthweight infants were enrolled; 15 in the group with BPD and 13 in the resolved respiratory distress group. Results: VLBW infants in the BPD group were significantly smaller at birth and more immature. VLBW infants with BPD also lost significantly more birthweight than VLBW infants with RDS (133.5 grams vs. 83.3 grams). There were no significant differences between the two groups for caloric intake or intake of each of the macronutrients during the first week of life. During the second week of life, VLBW infants in the BPD group received significantly less calories/kg and grams of fat/kg. VLBW infants in the RDS group developed an average cumulative energy deficit of 150.1 kcal/kg and those in the BPD group developed an average cumulative energy deficit of 241.7 kcal/kg. Conclusions: Infants with BPD are underfed during the first two weeks of life and lose significantly more birthweight that cannot be explained solely by differences in nutritional intake. AN: MN030241
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleNutritional Intake in VLBW Infants with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasiaen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161515-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Nutritional Intake in VLBW Infants with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia </td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Steward, Deborah</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">CON, 1585 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Inadequate growth is the most common morbidity confronting very low birthweight (VLBW) infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and is well established by 28 days of life. Although the poor growth of these infants is well documented, there is little evidence explaining the development of this poor growth. Inadequate growth begins during the first few days of life while the VLBW infant is acutely ill from respiratory distress and continues as respiratory distress evolves into BPD. Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare growth and nutritional intake in two groups of very low-birthweight infants who had respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) during the first weeks of life: a group in which respiratory distress resolved and a group who developed BPD. Study Design: Retrospective data were obtained from medical records to analyze nutritional intake and weight gain during the first two weeks of life. Twenty-eight very low-birthweight infants were enrolled; 15 in the group with BPD and 13 in the resolved respiratory distress group. Results: VLBW infants in the BPD group were significantly smaller at birth and more immature. VLBW infants with BPD also lost significantly more birthweight than VLBW infants with RDS (133.5 grams vs. 83.3 grams). There were no significant differences between the two groups for caloric intake or intake of each of the macronutrients during the first week of life. During the second week of life, VLBW infants in the BPD group received significantly less calories/kg and grams of fat/kg. VLBW infants in the RDS group developed an average cumulative energy deficit of 150.1 kcal/kg and those in the BPD group developed an average cumulative energy deficit of 241.7 kcal/kg. Conclusions: Infants with BPD are underfed during the first two weeks of life and lose significantly more birthweight that cannot be explained solely by differences in nutritional intake. AN: MN030241 </td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:22:38Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:22:38Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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