Childhood Chronic Asthma: How Icelandic and American Families Perceive the Health Status of Their Young Child

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161551
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Childhood Chronic Asthma: How Icelandic and American Families Perceive the Health Status of Their Young Child
Abstract:
Childhood Chronic Asthma: How Icelandic and American Families Perceive the Health Status of Their Young Child
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2002
Author:Svavarsdóttir, Erla, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of Iceland
Title:Associate Professor
Contact Address:Eirberg, Eiriksgata 34, Reykjavik, IS-101, Iceland
Contact Telephone:354.525.4960
In western societies, such as Iceland and the United State, asthma in young children remains the chronic illness with one of the highest frequency. About 10% of children under 6 years of age are believed to have asthma in these countries, and the incidence and morbidity of asthma is increasing. How families perceive the health status of their child is however not known. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with Icelandic and American parents perception about their child's health status; to compare and contrast mothers and fathers health perception of their young child with asthma; and to assess potential moderating effects of mothers and fathers sense of coherence (SOC) and family hardiness (FH) on the relationship between severity of illness of the child and family and caregiving demands with parents´ health perception. The conceptual framework for the study was the Resiliency Model of Family Stress, Adjustment and Adaptation (McCubbin & McCubbin, 1993;1996). One hundred and three Icelandic families and 76 American families participated in the study. Descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANCOVA and stepwise regression analysis was used in data analysis. The main finding from the hypothesis testing indicated that caregiving demands explained 36% of the variance in American mothers perception about their child's health status; and for the U.S. fathers, caregiving demands, the SOC and the interaction of the illness severity and FH was found to explain 45% of the variability in fathers perception of their child's health. Results on Icelandic parent's health perception will be presented. Discussion of findings in Iceland and the U. S. and implication for practice and future research will be introduced.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleChildhood Chronic Asthma: How Icelandic and American Families Perceive the Health Status of Their Young Childen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161551-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Childhood Chronic Asthma: How Icelandic and American Families Perceive the Health Status of Their Young Child</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Svavarsd&oacute;ttir, Erla, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Iceland</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Eirberg, Eiriksgata 34, Reykjavik, IS-101, Iceland</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">354.525.4960</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">eks@hi.is</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">In western societies, such as Iceland and the United State, asthma in young children remains the chronic illness with one of the highest frequency. About 10% of children under 6 years of age are believed to have asthma in these countries, and the incidence and morbidity of asthma is increasing. How families perceive the health status of their child is however not known. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with Icelandic and American parents perception about their child's health status; to compare and contrast mothers and fathers health perception of their young child with asthma; and to assess potential moderating effects of mothers and fathers sense of coherence (SOC) and family hardiness (FH) on the relationship between severity of illness of the child and family and caregiving demands with parents&acute; health perception. The conceptual framework for the study was the Resiliency Model of Family Stress, Adjustment and Adaptation (McCubbin &amp; McCubbin, 1993;1996). One hundred and three Icelandic families and 76 American families participated in the study. Descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANCOVA and stepwise regression analysis was used in data analysis. The main finding from the hypothesis testing indicated that caregiving demands explained 36% of the variance in American mothers perception about their child's health status; and for the U.S. fathers, caregiving demands, the SOC and the interaction of the illness severity and FH was found to explain 45% of the variability in fathers perception of their child's health. Results on Icelandic parent's health perception will be presented. Discussion of findings in Iceland and the U. S. and implication for practice and future research will be introduced.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:23:13Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:23:13Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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