Comparison of Female and Male School-Aged Sheltered Homeless Children's Stressors, Coping Strategies and Behavioral States

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161569
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Comparison of Female and Male School-Aged Sheltered Homeless Children's Stressors, Coping Strategies and Behavioral States
Abstract:
Comparison of Female and Male School-Aged Sheltered Homeless Children's Stressors, Coping Strategies and Behavioral States
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2002
Author:Huang, Chu-Yu
P.I. Institution Name:Cedarville University
Title:Assistant Professor
Contact Address:Department of Nursing, 251 North Main Street, Cedarville, OH, 45314, USA
The purpose of the study was to compare the stressors, coping strategies, and behavioral states of female and male school-aged homeless children. The conceptual framework was Lazarus and Folkman's (1984) stress-coping paradigm and child development perspectives. Data were collected through interviews with the children using the Homeless Sheltered Children Interview Schedule. The mothers completed the Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach, 1991) and a background information sheet. The sample consisted of ninety children and their mothers residing in shelters. It was the first homeless experience for 55 of the 90 families. A cross-sectional descriptive design was used. Content analysis was used to delineate stressor categories and subcategories. The largest number of stressors was related to family (n=325), followed by shelter (n=235), and school (n=231). Fewer stressors were related to friend (n=90) and self (n=49). Females identified significantly more stressors than the males. The coping strategies were categorized using Ryan-Wenger's (1992) coping strategy taxonomy. The most frequently used were endurance, stressors modification, social support, emotional expression, behavioral avoidance and behavioral distraction. The least frequently used were cognitive distraction and cognitive problem solving. Females identified significantly more coping strategies and a greater number of coping strategies for shelter stressors than the males. No significant gender differences were found for the Child Behavior Checklist scores. However, more than a third of the children had Total, Internalizing, and/or Externalizing scores in the clinical range. Implications of the findings for research, practice, and theory will be included in the presentation.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleComparison of Female and Male School-Aged Sheltered Homeless Children's Stressors, Coping Strategies and Behavioral Statesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161569-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Comparison of Female and Male School-Aged Sheltered Homeless Children's Stressors, Coping Strategies and Behavioral States</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Huang, Chu-Yu</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Cedarville University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">Department of Nursing, 251 North Main Street, Cedarville, OH, 45314, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">huang.76@osu.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purpose of the study was to compare the stressors, coping strategies, and behavioral states of female and male school-aged homeless children. The conceptual framework was Lazarus and Folkman's (1984) stress-coping paradigm and child development perspectives. Data were collected through interviews with the children using the Homeless Sheltered Children Interview Schedule. The mothers completed the Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach, 1991) and a background information sheet. The sample consisted of ninety children and their mothers residing in shelters. It was the first homeless experience for 55 of the 90 families. A cross-sectional descriptive design was used. Content analysis was used to delineate stressor categories and subcategories. The largest number of stressors was related to family (n=325), followed by shelter (n=235), and school (n=231). Fewer stressors were related to friend (n=90) and self (n=49). Females identified significantly more stressors than the males. The coping strategies were categorized using Ryan-Wenger's (1992) coping strategy taxonomy. The most frequently used were endurance, stressors modification, social support, emotional expression, behavioral avoidance and behavioral distraction. The least frequently used were cognitive distraction and cognitive problem solving. Females identified significantly more coping strategies and a greater number of coping strategies for shelter stressors than the males. No significant gender differences were found for the Child Behavior Checklist scores. However, more than a third of the children had Total, Internalizing, and/or Externalizing scores in the clinical range. Implications of the findings for research, practice, and theory will be included in the presentation.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:23:32Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:23:32Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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