2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161591
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Level of Knowledge of HIV/Aids by a Rural South African Community
Abstract:
The Level of Knowledge of HIV/Aids by a Rural South African Community
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2002
Author:Mabunda, Gladys
P.I. Institution Name:Southern Illinois University
Title:Associate Professor
Contact Address:School of Nursing, Alumni Hall Room 2119, Box 1066, Edwardsville, IL, 62026-1066, USA
Contact Telephone:618.650.3905
The problem: South Africa has one of the fastest rates of HIV infection in the world. About 1, 500 individuals get infected each day. HIV medication is not available in South Africa, so the only way to reduce the number of people with HIV/AIDS is to prevent new infections. The purpose of this study was to identify the level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS by a rural South African Community. The study was guided by Leininger's=s Culture Care Diversity and Universality theory. The goal of this theory is to provide culturally congruent care - to bring people=s viewpoints of care and that of health care professionals together to be effective in providing care. It was hoped that by using this theory, cultural barriers that influence the rapid spread of HIV in this population would be identified. Qualitative research methods were used to conduct the study. A convenient sample of 27 informants was recruited from a support group meeting based at an outpatient department of a hospital. The snowball method of recruitment was also used. The sample consisted of 13 key informants (HIV positive) and 14 general informants (HIV negative). An interview guide was used to collect data. The interviews were audio taped and data were transcribed. Data were analyzed using Leininger's=s Phases of Qualitative Data analysis. The study reveals that individuals who are members of a support group are knowledgeable about HIV. Conclusions: Support groups have a significant impact on the knowledge level of the community about HIV/AIDS. Implications: Support groups need to be established in all hospitals, community agencies that work with people affected and infected by HIV/AIDS, churches, and other agencies. Nurses working with clients need to be aware of available resources and refer clients to agencies that provide support group.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Level of Knowledge of HIV/Aids by a Rural South African Communityen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161591-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Level of Knowledge of HIV/Aids by a Rural South African Community</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Mabunda, Gladys</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Southern Illinois University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">School of Nursing, Alumni Hall Room 2119, Box 1066, Edwardsville, IL, 62026-1066, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">618.650.3905</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">gmabund@siue.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The problem: South Africa has one of the fastest rates of HIV infection in the world. About 1, 500 individuals get infected each day. HIV medication is not available in South Africa, so the only way to reduce the number of people with HIV/AIDS is to prevent new infections. The purpose of this study was to identify the level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS by a rural South African Community. The study was guided by Leininger's=s Culture Care Diversity and Universality theory. The goal of this theory is to provide culturally congruent care - to bring people=s viewpoints of care and that of health care professionals together to be effective in providing care. It was hoped that by using this theory, cultural barriers that influence the rapid spread of HIV in this population would be identified. Qualitative research methods were used to conduct the study. A convenient sample of 27 informants was recruited from a support group meeting based at an outpatient department of a hospital. The snowball method of recruitment was also used. The sample consisted of 13 key informants (HIV positive) and 14 general informants (HIV negative). An interview guide was used to collect data. The interviews were audio taped and data were transcribed. Data were analyzed using Leininger's=s Phases of Qualitative Data analysis. The study reveals that individuals who are members of a support group are knowledgeable about HIV. Conclusions: Support groups have a significant impact on the knowledge level of the community about HIV/AIDS. Implications: Support groups need to be established in all hospitals, community agencies that work with people affected and infected by HIV/AIDS, churches, and other agencies. Nurses working with clients need to be aware of available resources and refer clients to agencies that provide support group.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:23:55Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:23:55Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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