Gender differences in life events stress utilizing an updated social readjustment rating scale: Results from a large-scale U.S. population sample

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161709
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Gender differences in life events stress utilizing an updated social readjustment rating scale: Results from a large-scale U.S. population sample
Abstract:
Gender differences in life events stress utilizing an updated social readjustment rating scale: Results from a large-scale U.S. population sample
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2001
Author:Delunas, Linda
P.I. Institution Name:Indiana University-Northwest
Contact Address:School of Nursing 3400 Broadway, Gary, IN, 46408, USA
Contact Telephone:219.980.6643
Although extensive research has been done in the area of life-events stress, there are legitimate criticisms related to the development and scoring of the original Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS). Criticisms are related to items on the scale, and to the small sample sizes used to derive item-weighted scores. These problems impact coping and health outcomes research based on the scale. This analysis, examining gender differences in life events stress, was part of an examination of life-events stress in a large, representative sample of the U.S. population, utilizing a newly revised and updated version of the SRRS (SRRS-R). Utilizing a cross-sectional survey design, surveys were mailed to 5000 participants; 3399 surveys were returned. Gender difference in the total scale weighted score was examined and analysis was done to examine differences in item frequencies and relative percentages. Although men and women did not differ in the mean number of life-events reported (t=-1.908, p=.056), men had a significantly higher mean, weighted scale score (t=-3.432, p=.001). Analysis of item frequencies revealed significant differences on 26 of 51 items. Research on appraisal, coping and health outcomes must be based on sound data related to life stress, particularly as it impacts men and women differentially.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleGender differences in life events stress utilizing an updated social readjustment rating scale: Results from a large-scale U.S. population sampleen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161709-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Gender differences in life events stress utilizing an updated social readjustment rating scale: Results from a large-scale U.S. population sample</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2001</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Delunas, Linda</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Indiana University-Northwest</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">School of Nursing 3400 Broadway, Gary, IN, 46408, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">219.980.6643</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">ldelunas@iun.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Although extensive research has been done in the area of life-events stress, there are legitimate criticisms related to the development and scoring of the original Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS). Criticisms are related to items on the scale, and to the small sample sizes used to derive item-weighted scores. These problems impact coping and health outcomes research based on the scale. This analysis, examining gender differences in life events stress, was part of an examination of life-events stress in a large, representative sample of the U.S. population, utilizing a newly revised and updated version of the SRRS (SRRS-R). Utilizing a cross-sectional survey design, surveys were mailed to 5000 participants; 3399 surveys were returned. Gender difference in the total scale weighted score was examined and analysis was done to examine differences in item frequencies and relative percentages. Although men and women did not differ in the mean number of life-events reported (t=-1.908, p=.056), men had a significantly higher mean, weighted scale score (t=-3.432, p=.001). Analysis of item frequencies revealed significant differences on 26 of 51 items. Research on appraisal, coping and health outcomes must be based on sound data related to life stress, particularly as it impacts men and women differentially.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:25:58Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:25:58Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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