Coronary artery disease risk factor modification: The role of coronary artery calcium screening

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161735
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Coronary artery disease risk factor modification: The role of coronary artery calcium screening
Abstract:
Coronary artery disease risk factor modification: The role of coronary artery calcium screening
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2001
Author:Hoff, Julie
P.I. Institution Name:University of Illinois at Chicago
Contact Address:College of Nursing, 845 South Damen Avenue, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA
Contact Telephone:312.996.8066
Background: Electron beam tomography (EBT) is a non-invasive method to detect coronary artery calcium (CAC), a subclinical marker for coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between CAC screening results and risk factor modification efforts. Methods: In 1993, 970 asymptomatic individuals participated in a self-referred CAC screening program. Follow-up to ascertain information regarding CAD risk factor modification efforts was attempted with each individual. Follow-up occurred in 65% of those screened. Results: The relationship between each modifiable CAD risk factor and an adjusted CAC score was analyzed using the Student's t-test. Responders consisted of 79% men and 21% women, with a mean follow-up interval of 51±7months. Responders and non-responders did not differ by age or total CAC score. Significantly greater mean total CAC scores were characteristic of responders who reported prophylactic aspirin use, regular exercise, and initiation of pharmacologic therapy for elevated cholesterol and blood pressure. Conclusion: The anatomic quantification of CAC by EBT can aid the clinician in promoting primary CAD risk factor modification. The presence of CAC encourages individuals to be more aggressive in CAD risk factor modification as well as to maintain the behavior over time.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCoronary artery disease risk factor modification: The role of coronary artery calcium screeningen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161735-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Coronary artery disease risk factor modification: The role of coronary artery calcium screening</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2001</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Hoff, Julie</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Illinois at Chicago</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">College of Nursing, 845 South Damen Avenue, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">312.996.8066</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">jahoff@uic.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background: Electron beam tomography (EBT) is a non-invasive method to detect coronary artery calcium (CAC), a subclinical marker for coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between CAC screening results and risk factor modification efforts. Methods: In 1993, 970 asymptomatic individuals participated in a self-referred CAC screening program. Follow-up to ascertain information regarding CAD risk factor modification efforts was attempted with each individual. Follow-up occurred in 65% of those screened. Results: The relationship between each modifiable CAD risk factor and an adjusted CAC score was analyzed using the Student's t-test. Responders consisted of 79% men and 21% women, with a mean follow-up interval of 51&plusmn;7months. Responders and non-responders did not differ by age or total CAC score. Significantly greater mean total CAC scores were characteristic of responders who reported prophylactic aspirin use, regular exercise, and initiation of pharmacologic therapy for elevated cholesterol and blood pressure. Conclusion: The anatomic quantification of CAC by EBT can aid the clinician in promoting primary CAD risk factor modification. The presence of CAC encourages individuals to be more aggressive in CAD risk factor modification as well as to maintain the behavior over time.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:26:27Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:26:27Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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