2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/161738
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Imagery to reduce children’s postoperative pain
Abstract:
Imagery to reduce children’s postoperative pain
Conference Sponsor:Midwest Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2001
Author:Huth, Myra
P.I. Institution Name:Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
Title:Research Associate
Contact Address:9000 West Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, WI, 53226, USA
Contact Telephone:414.266.2000
About 30% of children in the United States have tonsillectomies and/or adenoidectomies (T & A), and report moderate to severe postoperative pain. This experimental study investigated the effectiveness of imagery, with routine analgesics, in reducing T & A pain in 7-12 year old children during ambulatory surgery (AS) and at home based on the Neuman Systems (1995) and McCaul/Malott (1984) Models. Thirty-six children randomly assigned to the experimental group listened to an imagery audiotape one week before surgery (T1), 1-4 hours after surgery (T2), and 20-27 hours after discharge (T3). Thirty-seven children in the comparison group received standard care. Measures of pain were the Oucher, analgesics used, Facial Affective Scale, and State Anxiety Inventory for Children. ANCOVA, with trait anxiety and time difference as covariates, indicate no significant differences in analgesic use and in pain and anxiety ratings at T2 or T3. Seventy percent of children were under-medicated in AS and 60% at home. Adequate medication is necessary for imagery to be effective with children having postoperative pain. It is essential that health care professionals administer adequate postoperative analgesics and teach parents about home analgesic administration.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Midwest Nursing Research Society

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleImagery to reduce children’s postoperative painen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/161738-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Imagery to reduce children&rsquo;s postoperative pain</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Midwest Nursing Research Society</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2001</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Huth, Myra</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Children's Hospital of Wisconsin</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Research Associate</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">9000 West Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, WI, 53226, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">414.266.2000</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">mmhuth@msn.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">About 30% of children in the United States have tonsillectomies and/or adenoidectomies (T &amp; A), and report moderate to severe postoperative pain. This experimental study investigated the effectiveness of imagery, with routine analgesics, in reducing T &amp; A pain in 7-12 year old children during ambulatory surgery (AS) and at home based on the Neuman Systems (1995) and McCaul/Malott (1984) Models. Thirty-six children randomly assigned to the experimental group listened to an imagery audiotape one week before surgery (T1), 1-4 hours after surgery (T2), and 20-27 hours after discharge (T3). Thirty-seven children in the comparison group received standard care. Measures of pain were the Oucher, analgesics used, Facial Affective Scale, and State Anxiety Inventory for Children. ANCOVA, with trait anxiety and time difference as covariates, indicate no significant differences in analgesic use and in pain and anxiety ratings at T2 or T3. Seventy percent of children were under-medicated in AS and 60% at home. Adequate medication is necessary for imagery to be effective with children having postoperative pain. It is essential that health care professionals administer adequate postoperative analgesics and teach parents about home analgesic administration.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T23:26:30Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T23:26:30Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipMidwest Nursing Research Societyen_GB
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