2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/162104
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Assessment of the Aggregate Health Status of an Organisation
Author(s):
Grainger, Linda
Abstract:
As adults spend the major portion of their lives at work, it is essential that the reciprocal relationship between their work and health be recognized. In this regard, occupational nurses have an important function, through the provision of effective occupational health programmes in the workplace, although this is a challenging task and programmes often bear little relevance to health needs. The process of identifying health needs involves the measurement of health status, requiring a clear understanding of the nature of health and how it is determined. However, conceptualizations of health in relation to work tend to be inadequate as they deal with it on an individualistic basis, often as a negative measure, do not include the various dimensions of health, and fail to take account of the influences of the wider community. This study sets out to overcome these problems. A model of aggregate (collective) health in the workplace was developed from a conceptual framework, to explain how influences inter-relate and contribute to health in this setting. Health is conceived in positive terms, with the individual represented as the core, passing through the organization and community, thereby depicting the inter-relationships between their health. At the aggregate level four sets of factors, human biology, environment, lifestyle and health care organization, are shown to influence health. The subjective, objective, physical, psychological and social dimensions of health are incorporated, whilst the potential of work as a stressor or health strengthening influence on health is recognized. Concepts from the model have been operationalised into composites of variables, for the assessment of aggregate health status. A measurement strategy was then devised, involving the analysis of data collected by means of an examination of organizational records, interviews with key people, a survey of a random stratified sample of members, health hazard identification in the workplace and an assessment of the provision of health care in the wider community. The survey instrument, consisting of an interview and questionnaire, was developed and subjected to a field test. The model, strategy and instrument were revised according to the results.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2004
Conference Name:
Fourth Conference of the Africa Honour Society
Conference Host:
Africa Honour Society of Nursing
Description:
The Africa Honour Society of Nursing was chartered in Gaborone, Botswana on 4 August 2004 and became the Tau Lambda-at-Large Chapter of the Honor Society of Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau International.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Assessment of the Aggregate Health Status of an Organisationen_GB
dc.contributor.authorGrainger, Lindaen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/162104-
dc.description.abstractAs adults spend the major portion of their lives at work, it is essential that the reciprocal relationship between their work and health be recognized. In this regard, occupational nurses have an important function, through the provision of effective occupational health programmes in the workplace, although this is a challenging task and programmes often bear little relevance to health needs. The process of identifying health needs involves the measurement of health status, requiring a clear understanding of the nature of health and how it is determined. However, conceptualizations of health in relation to work tend to be inadequate as they deal with it on an individualistic basis, often as a negative measure, do not include the various dimensions of health, and fail to take account of the influences of the wider community. This study sets out to overcome these problems. A model of aggregate (collective) health in the workplace was developed from a conceptual framework, to explain how influences inter-relate and contribute to health in this setting. Health is conceived in positive terms, with the individual represented as the core, passing through the organization and community, thereby depicting the inter-relationships between their health. At the aggregate level four sets of factors, human biology, environment, lifestyle and health care organization, are shown to influence health. The subjective, objective, physical, psychological and social dimensions of health are incorporated, whilst the potential of work as a stressor or health strengthening influence on health is recognized. Concepts from the model have been operationalised into composites of variables, for the assessment of aggregate health status. A measurement strategy was then devised, involving the analysis of data collected by means of an examination of organizational records, interviews with key people, a survey of a random stratified sample of members, health hazard identification in the workplace and an assessment of the provision of health care in the wider community. The survey instrument, consisting of an interview and questionnaire, was developed and subjected to a field test. The model, strategy and instrument were revised according to the results.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T09:53:38Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T09:53:38Z-
dc.conference.date2004en_US
dc.conference.nameFourth Conference of the Africa Honour Societyen_US
dc.conference.hostAfrica Honour Society of Nursingen_US
dc.descriptionThe Africa Honour Society of Nursing was chartered in Gaborone, Botswana on 4 August 2004 and became the Tau Lambda-at-Large Chapter of the Honor Society of Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau International.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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