An Investigation into the needs assessment phase of the health education process for school children

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/162130
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
An Investigation into the needs assessment phase of the health education process for school children
Author(s):
Tanga, T.
Author Details:
T. Tanga, Gauteng Department of Health
Abstract:
This study investigated the needs assessment phase of the health education process for school children. The objectives of the study were to identify health education needs of school children using three approaches, namely, the epidemiological, consumer and social science approaches. In the social science approach, a PRECEDE model has been used. Time taken in using each approach and the skills of PHC nurses necessary to use each, were investigated in order to determine the most effective and efficient approach. A comparative case study design has been used, whereby each approach was considered as a case, hence, an embedded case study. One rural administrative area in the district of Umtata, which has a health centre in its catchment area, was selected. The population for the study were school children aged 12 to 16 years doing standard five. Four out of ten junior secondary schools in the area were randomly selected. In the epidemiological approach, records from the health centre and three of the four selected schools were analysed. In the consumer approach, focus group interviews (two groups of boys and two groups of girls) were conducted. In the social science approach, focus group interviews of school children (four groups) from the other two remaining schools, focus group interviews of mothers as carers (four groups), and in-depth interviews of standard five teachers from each of the four schools were conducted. Data analysis was done using Tesch`s method of qualitative data analysis. A time activity sheet was used to estimate time used in each approach. A questionnaire was distributed among PHC nurses to determine their skills in relation to the approaches used. Results showed that the social science approach was the most comprehensive approach but used the longest time. The consumer was balanced and efficient though the least time was used. The epidemiological was found to have identified physical problems to the exclusion of the social and psychological problems.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2004
Conference Name:
Fourth Conference of the Africa Honour Society
Conference Host:
Africa Honour Society of Nursing
Description:
The Africa Honour Society of Nursing was chartered in Gaborone, Botswana on 4 August 2004 and became the Tau Lambda-at-Large Chapter of the Honor Society of Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau International.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAn Investigation into the needs assessment phase of the health education process for school childrenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorTanga, T.en_US
dc.author.detailsT. Tanga, Gauteng Department of Healthen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/162130-
dc.description.abstractThis study investigated the needs assessment phase of the health education process for school children. The objectives of the study were to identify health education needs of school children using three approaches, namely, the epidemiological, consumer and social science approaches. In the social science approach, a PRECEDE model has been used. Time taken in using each approach and the skills of PHC nurses necessary to use each, were investigated in order to determine the most effective and efficient approach. A comparative case study design has been used, whereby each approach was considered as a case, hence, an embedded case study. One rural administrative area in the district of Umtata, which has a health centre in its catchment area, was selected. The population for the study were school children aged 12 to 16 years doing standard five. Four out of ten junior secondary schools in the area were randomly selected. In the epidemiological approach, records from the health centre and three of the four selected schools were analysed. In the consumer approach, focus group interviews (two groups of boys and two groups of girls) were conducted. In the social science approach, focus group interviews of school children (four groups) from the other two remaining schools, focus group interviews of mothers as carers (four groups), and in-depth interviews of standard five teachers from each of the four schools were conducted. Data analysis was done using Tesch`s method of qualitative data analysis. A time activity sheet was used to estimate time used in each approach. A questionnaire was distributed among PHC nurses to determine their skills in relation to the approaches used. Results showed that the social science approach was the most comprehensive approach but used the longest time. The consumer was balanced and efficient though the least time was used. The epidemiological was found to have identified physical problems to the exclusion of the social and psychological problems.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T09:53:45Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T09:53:45Z-
dc.conference.date2004en_US
dc.conference.nameFourth Conference of the Africa Honour Societyen_US
dc.conference.hostAfrica Honour Society of Nursingen_US
dc.descriptionThe Africa Honour Society of Nursing was chartered in Gaborone, Botswana on 4 August 2004 and became the Tau Lambda-at-Large Chapter of the Honor Society of Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau International.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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