2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/162742
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Community Retaliatory Violence Prevention in Young Adults
Abstract:
Community Retaliatory Violence Prevention in Young Adults
Conference Sponsor:Emergency Nurses Association
Conference Year:2000
Author:Davis-Moon, Linda, RN, MSN, CRNP, CEN
P.I. Institution Name:Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Contact Address:239 Sampson Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, USA
Contact Telephone:(215) 955-6844
Co-Authors:Bernard L. Lopez, Theodore Christopher, and Steven Dutton
Purpose: Trauma is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the <45 age group. In certain populations, interpersonal violence, not motor vehicle accidents, is the leading cause of traumatic injuries and deaths. The Jefferson Community Violence Prevention Initiative is a multidisciplinary collaboration that provides support and referral services to patients age 14-25 who have been treated in the ED for intentional interpersonal violence. The purpose of this research was to describe characteristics of a group of subjects identified in the ED and enrolled into the violence prevention program during a six-week period from July to August 1999.

Setting: This study was conducted in a center-city teaching urban academic Level I Trauma Center.

Design: The study design was a descriptive correlational study conducted prospectively in the Emergency Department after medical care was rendered.

Sample: A convenience sample of patients, age 14-25 years presenting to the ED with a chief complaint related to interpersonal violence (Group 1) were screened and interviewed by research assistants. Subjects were recruited 24 hours a day, seven days a week for a six week period. Excluded from this study were those who met Pennsylvania Trauma Foundation guidelines for emergent trauma service evaluation and those who refused participation. A control group (Group 2) of age-matched, non-trauma ED patients were interviewed.

Methods: A thirty-six question structured interview was administered by research assistants who received a four hour training session on use of the violence screening tool. The questions asked where grouped into the following categories: demographics, legal issues, drug use, relationship of perpetrator, potential for retaliation, gun issues, and lifestyle. Consent for a community referral and follow-up was obtained at the conclusion of the interview. Validity and reliability of the tool was not established.

Results: There were 144 subjects enrolled. In Group 1 (n=66), there were 28 males and 38 females: 23 (35%; 14 females, 9 males) planned to retaliate. Thirty-three (50%) knew their assailant. Group 2 (n=78) were posed a hypothetical scenario involving violence against them; 28 (36%, 16 females 12 males) stated that they would retaliate. In both groups, a higher number of African-American females would retaliate (9 in group 1, 12 in group 2, p<0.05, Fisher's exact test).

Conclusion: Over one-third of subjects in a 14-25 year age group would retaliate if they were a victim of interpersonal violence. This group appears to be a prime target for violence prevention. [Research Poster Presentation]
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Emergency Nurses Association

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCommunity Retaliatory Violence Prevention in Young Adultsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/162742-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Community Retaliatory Violence Prevention in Young Adults</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Emergency Nurses Association</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2000</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Davis-Moon, Linda, RN, MSN, CRNP, CEN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Thomas Jefferson University Hospital</td></tr><tr class="item-address"><td class="label">Contact Address:</td><td class="value">239 Sampson Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, USA</td></tr><tr class="item-phone"><td class="label">Contact Telephone:</td><td class="value">(215) 955-6844</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Bernard L. Lopez, Theodore Christopher, and Steven Dutton</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: Trauma is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the &lt;45 age group. In certain populations, interpersonal violence, not motor vehicle accidents, is the leading cause of traumatic injuries and deaths. The Jefferson Community Violence Prevention Initiative is a multidisciplinary collaboration that provides support and referral services to patients age 14-25 who have been treated in the ED for intentional interpersonal violence. The purpose of this research was to describe characteristics of a group of subjects identified in the ED and enrolled into the violence prevention program during a six-week period from July to August 1999.<br/><br/>Setting: This study was conducted in a center-city teaching urban academic Level I Trauma Center.<br/><br/>Design: The study design was a descriptive correlational study conducted prospectively in the Emergency Department after medical care was rendered.<br/><br/>Sample: A convenience sample of patients, age 14-25 years presenting to the ED with a chief complaint related to interpersonal violence (Group 1) were screened and interviewed by research assistants. Subjects were recruited 24 hours a day, seven days a week for a six week period. Excluded from this study were those who met Pennsylvania Trauma Foundation guidelines for emergent trauma service evaluation and those who refused participation. A control group (Group 2) of age-matched, non-trauma ED patients were interviewed.<br/><br/>Methods: A thirty-six question structured interview was administered by research assistants who received a four hour training session on use of the violence screening tool. The questions asked where grouped into the following categories: demographics, legal issues, drug use, relationship of perpetrator, potential for retaliation, gun issues, and lifestyle. Consent for a community referral and follow-up was obtained at the conclusion of the interview. Validity and reliability of the tool was not established.<br/><br/>Results: There were 144 subjects enrolled. In Group 1 (n=66), there were 28 males and 38 females: 23 (35%; 14 females, 9 males) planned to retaliate. Thirty-three (50%) knew their assailant. Group 2 (n=78) were posed a hypothetical scenario involving violence against them; 28 (36%, 16 females 12 males) stated that they would retaliate. In both groups, a higher number of African-American females would retaliate (9 in group 1, 12 in group 2, p&lt;0.05, Fisher's exact test).<br/><br/>Conclusion: Over one-third of subjects in a 14-25 year age group would retaliate if they were a victim of interpersonal violence. This group appears to be a prime target for violence prevention. [Research Poster Presentation]</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T10:33:23Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T10:33:23Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipEmergency Nurses Associationen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.