Canadian Immigrant and Canadian born Women's Views on Pap screening in Hamilton, Canada: A qualitative study

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163095
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Canadian Immigrant and Canadian born Women's Views on Pap screening in Hamilton, Canada: A qualitative study
Author(s):
Redwood-Campbell, Lynda; Lohfeld, Lynne; Fowler, Nancy; Lytwyn, Alice; Karwalajtys, Tina; Howard, Michelle; Kaczorowski, Janusz
Author Details:
Lynda Redwood-Campbell, MD, CCFP, DTM & H (UK), MPH (International Health), Associate Professor, Undergraduate Medicine Co-ordinator, Department of Family Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, email: redwood@mcmaster.ca; Lynne Lohfeld; Nancy Fowler; Alice Lytwyn; Tina Karwalajtys; Michelle Howard; Janusz Kaczorowski
Abstract:
Background: Repeated cervical screening has been credited with dramatically reduced cervical cancer rates in many countries. Socio-demographic factors have been linked to screening participation rates. Women most likely to be inadequately screened include recent immigrants, Aboriginal women, members of ethnic minorities, as well as women who are older, of lower socioeconomic means, or living in rural areas. Canada has an estimated 250,000 new immigrants who come to live annually. Rationale: Little work has been done that directly asks at-risk women, such as immigrants, for their views and concerns about cervical cancer screening. Understanding cultural and practical barriers to screening is an important way to ensure optimal screening rates for all eligible women in Canada. Objective: Study the views of Pap screening in immigrant and low socioeconomic status (SES) Canadian women in Canada. To identify barriers and enablers that could increase acceptability of Pap screening for immigrant and low SES Canadian women in Canada. Methods: Qualitative case-study using focus group interviews (2 per ethnic group, 1 in English and 1 in first language; 1 group of low SES Canadian-born women; 6-8 women per group) In total, 11 focus groups were conducted. Language groups included Arabic, Cantonese, Somali, Dari and Spanish. Participants were recruited from local settlement agency. Purposive (nonrandom) sampling was used. Inclusion criteria included age 35-65, being in Canada < 5 years, married. Experienced qualitative researcher and native speaker of each language group facilitated all interviews. Knowledge, attitudes and barriers surrounding cervical cancer and Pap screening, reaction to a video of simulated patient having Pap test done and introduction to vaginal self-sampling kit. Results: Common enablers and barriers to have PAP smear screening done will be discussed. Also, differences will be reviewed. Reaction to videotape, self-sampling, and lessons learned when doing this type of research will be discussed.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Host:
McMaster University
Conference Location:
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Description:
2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCanadian Immigrant and Canadian born Women's Views on Pap screening in Hamilton, Canada: A qualitative studyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorRedwood-Campbell, Lyndaen_US
dc.contributor.authorLohfeld, Lynneen_US
dc.contributor.authorFowler, Nancyen_US
dc.contributor.authorLytwyn, Aliceen_US
dc.contributor.authorKarwalajtys, Tinaen_US
dc.contributor.authorHoward, Michelleen_US
dc.contributor.authorKaczorowski, Januszen_US
dc.author.detailsLynda Redwood-Campbell, MD, CCFP, DTM & H (UK), MPH (International Health), Associate Professor, Undergraduate Medicine Co-ordinator, Department of Family Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, email: redwood@mcmaster.ca; Lynne Lohfeld; Nancy Fowler; Alice Lytwyn; Tina Karwalajtys; Michelle Howard; Janusz Kaczorowskien_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163095-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Repeated cervical screening has been credited with dramatically reduced cervical cancer rates in many countries. Socio-demographic factors have been linked to screening participation rates. Women most likely to be inadequately screened include recent immigrants, Aboriginal women, members of ethnic minorities, as well as women who are older, of lower socioeconomic means, or living in rural areas. Canada has an estimated 250,000 new immigrants who come to live annually. Rationale: Little work has been done that directly asks at-risk women, such as immigrants, for their views and concerns about cervical cancer screening. Understanding cultural and practical barriers to screening is an important way to ensure optimal screening rates for all eligible women in Canada. Objective: Study the views of Pap screening in immigrant and low socioeconomic status (SES) Canadian women in Canada. To identify barriers and enablers that could increase acceptability of Pap screening for immigrant and low SES Canadian women in Canada. Methods: Qualitative case-study using focus group interviews (2 per ethnic group, 1 in English and 1 in first language; 1 group of low SES Canadian-born women; 6-8 women per group) In total, 11 focus groups were conducted. Language groups included Arabic, Cantonese, Somali, Dari and Spanish. Participants were recruited from local settlement agency. Purposive (nonrandom) sampling was used. Inclusion criteria included age 35-65, being in Canada < 5 years, married. Experienced qualitative researcher and native speaker of each language group facilitated all interviews. Knowledge, attitudes and barriers surrounding cervical cancer and Pap screening, reaction to a video of simulated patient having Pap test done and introduction to vaginal self-sampling kit. Results: Common enablers and barriers to have PAP smear screening done will be discussed. Also, differences will be reviewed. Reaction to videotape, self-sampling, and lessons learned when doing this type of research will be discussed.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:33:41Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:33:41Z-
dc.conference.date2006-
dc.conference.hostMcMaster Universityen_US
dc.conference.locationDhaka, Bangladeshen_US
dc.description2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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