Stability, Structure, and Effects of Perinatal Morbidity on Temperament from Infancy to Adolescence

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163147
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Stability, Structure, and Effects of Perinatal Morbidity on Temperament from Infancy to Adolescence
Author(s):
Miller, Robin June
Author Details:
Robin Miller, PhD, RN, Research Nurse Coordinator, Women and Infants' Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, USA, email: romiller@wihri.org
Abstract:
Purpose: Research supports relative stability in child temperament from infancy to early childhood; however, stability through adolescence is relatively untested. This study aims to determine and compare temperament factors across various temperament instruments and evaluate the stability of child temperament dimensions from infancy to adolescence. A second aim tests the effects of preterm infant perinatal morbidity on temperament dimensions. Insights into temperament stability and differences in children may suggest therapeutic approaches to improve outcomes. Theoretical Framework: The theoretical framework is Sameroff and Chandler's transactional model. This fits well with the interactional theory of temperament that there are bi-directional processes whereby the child is influenced by environmental factors as development proceeds. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): A longitudinal, descriptive, correlational research study will examine the stability, structure, and effects of perinatal morbidity on child temperament from 1 month to 19 years of age in 213 children born full-term and preterm with various perinatal morbidities. The Infant Characteristics Questionnaire, Behavioral Style Checklist, EAS Temperament Survey for Children, Middle Childhood Temperament Measure, Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire, and Dimensions of Temperament Survey - Revised were used. Descriptive statistics, exploratory principal components analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, repeated measures MANOVA, path analysis, and one-way MANOVA will be used to examine the aims of the study. Results: Through factor analysis, temperament dimensions in the study sample matched those identified by the instruments' authors. Stability of temperament dimensions is expected to be mildly to moderately stable from infancy through adolescence. We expect an increase in distractibility and decrease in persistence among preterm children. Conclusions and Implications: The results have conceptual, theoretical, and measurement implications. Nurses' understanding of child temperament can facilitate consonance between child and environment. Implications for early intervention can be suggested whereby nurses can examine environmental factors to facilitate this consonance and potentiate optimal development and health.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2007
Conference Name:
19th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Description:
Conference theme: Building Communities of Scholarship and Research, held April 12-14, 2007 at The Westin Providence.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleStability, Structure, and Effects of Perinatal Morbidity on Temperament from Infancy to Adolescenceen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMiller, Robin Juneen_US
dc.author.detailsRobin Miller, PhD, RN, Research Nurse Coordinator, Women and Infants' Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, USA, email: romiller@wihri.orgen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163147-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Research supports relative stability in child temperament from infancy to early childhood; however, stability through adolescence is relatively untested. This study aims to determine and compare temperament factors across various temperament instruments and evaluate the stability of child temperament dimensions from infancy to adolescence. A second aim tests the effects of preterm infant perinatal morbidity on temperament dimensions. Insights into temperament stability and differences in children may suggest therapeutic approaches to improve outcomes. Theoretical Framework: The theoretical framework is Sameroff and Chandler's transactional model. This fits well with the interactional theory of temperament that there are bi-directional processes whereby the child is influenced by environmental factors as development proceeds. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): A longitudinal, descriptive, correlational research study will examine the stability, structure, and effects of perinatal morbidity on child temperament from 1 month to 19 years of age in 213 children born full-term and preterm with various perinatal morbidities. The Infant Characteristics Questionnaire, Behavioral Style Checklist, EAS Temperament Survey for Children, Middle Childhood Temperament Measure, Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire, and Dimensions of Temperament Survey - Revised were used. Descriptive statistics, exploratory principal components analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, repeated measures MANOVA, path analysis, and one-way MANOVA will be used to examine the aims of the study. Results: Through factor analysis, temperament dimensions in the study sample matched those identified by the instruments' authors. Stability of temperament dimensions is expected to be mildly to moderately stable from infancy through adolescence. We expect an increase in distractibility and decrease in persistence among preterm children. Conclusions and Implications: The results have conceptual, theoretical, and measurement implications. Nurses' understanding of child temperament can facilitate consonance between child and environment. Implications for early intervention can be suggested whereby nurses can examine environmental factors to facilitate this consonance and potentiate optimal development and health.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:02:11Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:02:11Z-
dc.conference.date2007en_US
dc.conference.name19th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationProvidence, Rhode Island, USAen_US
dc.descriptionConference theme: Building Communities of Scholarship and Research, held April 12-14, 2007 at The Westin Providence.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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