Experiences and methodological considerations in conducting research with a minority elderly population

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163148
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Experiences and methodological considerations in conducting research with a minority elderly population
Author(s):
Mokel, Melissa J.; Wright, Betty; Shellman, Juliette
Author Details:
Melissa J. Mokel, PhD, APRN, University of Saint Joseph, West Hartford, Connecticut, USA, email: mmokel@usj.edu; Betty Wright, MS, MBA; Juliette Shellman PhD, APRN-BC, Yale University
Abstract:
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify methodological issues and considerations, and describe culturally sensitive approaches that were used to increase recruitment and retention of African-American elders in a study that was conducted to test the effects of a reminiscence program on depression and life satisfaction in African-American elders. Background: Recruitment of African-American elders into research studies is traditionally low and they are often underrepresented in clinical research. Barriers to participation have been identified as a lack of minority researchers, distrust of White researchers and university representatives and cultural differences that exist between African-American communities and healthcare institutions. Methods (Design, Participants, Setting, Data Collection, Analytic approach): Fifty one elder community dwelling African Americans were recruited. Contextual data gathered from research assistants' journals, debriefing sessions, and surveys were used to identify successes and challenges associated with conducting the study. Results: Primary challenges included recruitment and retention of African-American research assistants and recruitment of African-American elders into a mental health study. The sensitivity of conducting a depression assessment and expression of feelings during the reminiscence intervention required continual debriefing and communication between the members of the team. Conclusions and Implications: Results indicate that engaging research assistants as partners to create a team approach, networking in the community, and providing opportunities for feedback from participants and research assistants are key interventions to overcome barriers in conducting field research with African-American elders. Prior to conducting field research, researchers must have a clear understanding of the cultural and historical context of the community. Strategies for decreasing distrust and concerns that exist regarding participation in research will be discussed.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2007
Conference Name:
19th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Description:
Conference theme: Building Communities of Scholarship and Research, held April 12-14, 2007 at The Westin Providence.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleExperiences and methodological considerations in conducting research with a minority elderly populationen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMokel, Melissa J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWright, Bettyen_US
dc.contributor.authorShellman, Julietteen_US
dc.author.detailsMelissa J. Mokel, PhD, APRN, University of Saint Joseph, West Hartford, Connecticut, USA, email: mmokel@usj.edu; Betty Wright, MS, MBA; Juliette Shellman PhD, APRN-BC, Yale Universityen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163148-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify methodological issues and considerations, and describe culturally sensitive approaches that were used to increase recruitment and retention of African-American elders in a study that was conducted to test the effects of a reminiscence program on depression and life satisfaction in African-American elders. Background: Recruitment of African-American elders into research studies is traditionally low and they are often underrepresented in clinical research. Barriers to participation have been identified as a lack of minority researchers, distrust of White researchers and university representatives and cultural differences that exist between African-American communities and healthcare institutions. Methods (Design, Participants, Setting, Data Collection, Analytic approach): Fifty one elder community dwelling African Americans were recruited. Contextual data gathered from research assistants' journals, debriefing sessions, and surveys were used to identify successes and challenges associated with conducting the study. Results: Primary challenges included recruitment and retention of African-American research assistants and recruitment of African-American elders into a mental health study. The sensitivity of conducting a depression assessment and expression of feelings during the reminiscence intervention required continual debriefing and communication between the members of the team. Conclusions and Implications: Results indicate that engaging research assistants as partners to create a team approach, networking in the community, and providing opportunities for feedback from participants and research assistants are key interventions to overcome barriers in conducting field research with African-American elders. Prior to conducting field research, researchers must have a clear understanding of the cultural and historical context of the community. Strategies for decreasing distrust and concerns that exist regarding participation in research will be discussed.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:02:12Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:02:12Z-
dc.conference.date2007en_US
dc.conference.name19th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationProvidence, Rhode Island, USAen_US
dc.descriptionConference theme: Building Communities of Scholarship and Research, held April 12-14, 2007 at The Westin Providence.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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