Building a Story: Word Patterns in Writing and Quality of Life in Women with Advanced Breast Cancer

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163204
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Building a Story: Word Patterns in Writing and Quality of Life in Women with Advanced Breast Cancer
Author(s):
Laccetti, Margaret A.
Author Details:
Margaret A. Laccetti, PhD, RN, AOCN, Adult Health, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, USA, email: laccetti@bc.edu
Abstract:
Purpose: The purpose of this secondary analysis was to explore the relationship between patterns of language used in expressive writing (EW) texts and quality of life (QOL) in women with metastatic breast cancer. Theoretical Framework: The purpose of this secondary analysis was to explore the relationship between patterns of language used in expressive writing (EW) texts and quality of life (QOL) in women with metastatic breast cancer. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): In this descriptive correlational study, usage patterns of affect (positive and negative connotation) words in EW from a sample of women with metastatic breast cancer (n =68), were identified through use of the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC). Relationships between these patterns and QOL were explored. QOL was measured, at baseline and three months, using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Breast (FACT-B). The correlation between word patterns and QOL was investigated using general linear regression. Results: A statistically significant relationship was demonstrated between positive affect language use and emotional well-being (ƒ=1.87, p=0.02). Manual scoring of ten EW texts to validate LIWC data identified a significant difference between LIWC and manual word counts for negative language. Contextual evaluation suggesting marked ambivalence in how these women talked about their cancer. Conclusions and Implications: A positive relationship between affective language in disclosure and QOL has been demonstrated. These results illustrate a cognitive process occurring in EW, suggesting this as an intervention that is a positive, helpful experience for cancer patients, reintegrating experience in life. It is critical to gain a deeper understanding of the underlying cognitive processes disclosure in writing as an intervention, in order to identify the most effective manner in which to use these interventions.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Name:
18th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Description:
�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleBuilding a Story: Word Patterns in Writing and Quality of Life in Women with Advanced Breast Canceren_GB
dc.contributor.authorLaccetti, Margaret A.en_US
dc.author.detailsMargaret A. Laccetti, PhD, RN, AOCN, Adult Health, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, USA, email: laccetti@bc.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163204-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The purpose of this secondary analysis was to explore the relationship between patterns of language used in expressive writing (EW) texts and quality of life (QOL) in women with metastatic breast cancer. Theoretical Framework: The purpose of this secondary analysis was to explore the relationship between patterns of language used in expressive writing (EW) texts and quality of life (QOL) in women with metastatic breast cancer. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): In this descriptive correlational study, usage patterns of affect (positive and negative connotation) words in EW from a sample of women with metastatic breast cancer (n =68), were identified through use of the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC). Relationships between these patterns and QOL were explored. QOL was measured, at baseline and three months, using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Breast (FACT-B). The correlation between word patterns and QOL was investigated using general linear regression. Results: A statistically significant relationship was demonstrated between positive affect language use and emotional well-being (ƒ=1.87, p=0.02). Manual scoring of ten EW texts to validate LIWC data identified a significant difference between LIWC and manual word counts for negative language. Contextual evaluation suggesting marked ambivalence in how these women talked about their cancer. Conclusions and Implications: A positive relationship between affective language in disclosure and QOL has been demonstrated. These results illustrate a cognitive process occurring in EW, suggesting this as an intervention that is a positive, helpful experience for cancer patients, reintegrating experience in life. It is critical to gain a deeper understanding of the underlying cognitive processes disclosure in writing as an intervention, in order to identify the most effective manner in which to use these interventions.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:03:16Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:03:16Z-
dc.conference.date2006en_US
dc.conference.name18th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationCherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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