Examination of the Social Context of Nursing Practice using Bourdieu's Theory of Practice

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163208
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Examination of the Social Context of Nursing Practice using Bourdieu's Theory of Practice
Author(s):
Lauzon Clabo, Laurie M.
Author Details:
Laurie M. Lauzon Clabo, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor, University of Rhode Island College of Nursing, Kingston, Rhode Island, USA, email: llauzonclabo@uri.edu
Abstract:
Purpose: The literature suggests that forces existing at the unit-level shape nurses' practice, however little scholarly effort focuses on understanding the nature of these forces. This paper presents Bourdieu's theory of practice as one lens for this examination, and describes findings of a study of pain assessment on two postoperative units guided by Bourdieu's theory. Background: Much of our understanding of nursing practice has focused on the individual nurse and thus, efforts aimed at improving various aspects of practice have largely focused on changing individual practice. This approach neglects the profound impact of the nursing unit. Approach: Bourdieu's theory of practice, a cultural structuralist perspective, describes the practice of individuals, situated within structured social contexts which have interpenetrating effects on the practice of the individual. Major Points & Rationale: Bourdieu's theory is built around three concepts. A field is the social space within which agents practice, a structured system of social relations. Capital represents power over a field and the actions of other agents. The kinds of capital dominant in a given field are specific to that field. Habitus refers to a system of dispositions which incline agents to act in particular ways. These inclinations are formed in practice and become second nature over time. Agents who are the product of the same social fields will have dispositions that are similar in many respects. In the current study, each nursing unit was characterized by a predominant nursing pain assessment habitus. This habitus was shaped by the nature of the social field and the forms of capital operant within it. Nurses described the mechanisms whereby the predominant pain assessment habitus was maintained on each nursing unit. Conclusions: Nursing practice is profoundly shaped by the social context of the specific nursing unit. Bourdieu's theory of practice is a useful lens to examine this influence.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Name:
18th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Description:
�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleExamination of the Social Context of Nursing Practice using Bourdieu's Theory of Practiceen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLauzon Clabo, Laurie M.en_US
dc.author.detailsLaurie M. Lauzon Clabo, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor, University of Rhode Island College of Nursing, Kingston, Rhode Island, USA, email: llauzonclabo@uri.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163208-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The literature suggests that forces existing at the unit-level shape nurses' practice, however little scholarly effort focuses on understanding the nature of these forces. This paper presents Bourdieu's theory of practice as one lens for this examination, and describes findings of a study of pain assessment on two postoperative units guided by Bourdieu's theory. Background: Much of our understanding of nursing practice has focused on the individual nurse and thus, efforts aimed at improving various aspects of practice have largely focused on changing individual practice. This approach neglects the profound impact of the nursing unit. Approach: Bourdieu's theory of practice, a cultural structuralist perspective, describes the practice of individuals, situated within structured social contexts which have interpenetrating effects on the practice of the individual. Major Points & Rationale: Bourdieu's theory is built around three concepts. A field is the social space within which agents practice, a structured system of social relations. Capital represents power over a field and the actions of other agents. The kinds of capital dominant in a given field are specific to that field. Habitus refers to a system of dispositions which incline agents to act in particular ways. These inclinations are formed in practice and become second nature over time. Agents who are the product of the same social fields will have dispositions that are similar in many respects. In the current study, each nursing unit was characterized by a predominant nursing pain assessment habitus. This habitus was shaped by the nature of the social field and the forms of capital operant within it. Nurses described the mechanisms whereby the predominant pain assessment habitus was maintained on each nursing unit. Conclusions: Nursing practice is profoundly shaped by the social context of the specific nursing unit. Bourdieu's theory of practice is a useful lens to examine this influence.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:03:20Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:03:20Z-
dc.conference.date2006en_US
dc.conference.name18th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationCherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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