Self-efficacy in patients with prostate cancer: Confirmatory factor analysis of Strategies Used by Patients to Promote Health

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163209
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Self-efficacy in patients with prostate cancer: Confirmatory factor analysis of Strategies Used by Patients to Promote Health
Author(s):
Lev, Elise L.; Eller, Lucille; Gejerman, Glen; Kolassa, John; Colella, Joan; Lane, Patricia; Esposito, Michael; Lanteri, Vincent; Scheuch, John; Munver, Ravi; Alves, Laura; Sawczuk, Ihor
Author Details:
Elise L. Lev, Ed.D., RN, Associate Professor, Rutgers University, College of Nursing, Newark, New Jersey, USA, email: eliselev@andromeda.rutgers.edu; Lucille Eller, PhD, RN; Glen Gejerman, MD; John Kolassa, PhD; Joan Colella, MSN, RN; Patricia Lane, MSW; Michael Esposito, MD; Vincent Lanteri, MD; John Scheuch, MD; Ravi Munver, MD; Laura Alves; Ihor Sawczuk, MD
Abstract:
Purpose: Perceived self-efficacy impacts coping with chronic illness. Few tools have been developed to measure self-efficacy in cancer patients. Strategies Used by Patients to Promote Health (SUPPH), consisting of 29-items, was used to measure self-efficacy in cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which Bandura's (1997) self-efficacy theory explained the factor structure of the SUPPH when used to measure self-efficacy in men diagnosed with prostate cancer. Theoretical Framework: Bandura (1997) asserted that perceived self-efficacy decreases emotional distress over aversive events, thus contributing to one's physiological efficacy information, and that positive reappraisals can raise perceived performance efficacy. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): The hypothesized inter-correlations and the patterns of observed variable relationships to underlying factors were specified in the model and used to test the hypothesis that the sample correlations were consistent with the factor structure proposed. The model was fit using a varimax rotation. Factor analysis and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) outcomes will be described. Results: Participants were 159 subjects in a larger prospective study to identify quality of life in men with prostate cancer. Two factors of the SUPPH were identified: (1) Physiological efficacy information and (2) Performance efficacy information. Conclusions and Implications: Findings support the hypothesis that the factor structure of the SUPPH is consistent with Bandura's (1997) theory. Use of an instrument to measure self-efficacy may facilitate the conduct of further studies to validate Bandura's assertions that an individual's self-efficacy is related to quality of life during chronic illness. Most conceptualizations of quality of life in cancer patients gave little attention to patients' self-efficacy, possibly due to lack of a measurement tool. Research using the SUPPH to measure self-efficacy in cancer patients may reveal deficits that could be used to target interventions.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Name:
18th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Description:
�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSelf-efficacy in patients with prostate cancer: Confirmatory factor analysis of Strategies Used by Patients to Promote Healthen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLev, Elise L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorEller, Lucilleen_US
dc.contributor.authorGejerman, Glenen_US
dc.contributor.authorKolassa, Johnen_US
dc.contributor.authorColella, Joanen_US
dc.contributor.authorLane, Patriciaen_US
dc.contributor.authorEsposito, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorLanteri, Vincenten_US
dc.contributor.authorScheuch, Johnen_US
dc.contributor.authorMunver, Ravien_US
dc.contributor.authorAlves, Lauraen_US
dc.contributor.authorSawczuk, Ihoren_US
dc.author.detailsElise L. Lev, Ed.D., RN, Associate Professor, Rutgers University, College of Nursing, Newark, New Jersey, USA, email: eliselev@andromeda.rutgers.edu; Lucille Eller, PhD, RN; Glen Gejerman, MD; John Kolassa, PhD; Joan Colella, MSN, RN; Patricia Lane, MSW; Michael Esposito, MD; Vincent Lanteri, MD; John Scheuch, MD; Ravi Munver, MD; Laura Alves; Ihor Sawczuk, MDen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163209-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Perceived self-efficacy impacts coping with chronic illness. Few tools have been developed to measure self-efficacy in cancer patients. Strategies Used by Patients to Promote Health (SUPPH), consisting of 29-items, was used to measure self-efficacy in cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which Bandura's (1997) self-efficacy theory explained the factor structure of the SUPPH when used to measure self-efficacy in men diagnosed with prostate cancer. Theoretical Framework: Bandura (1997) asserted that perceived self-efficacy decreases emotional distress over aversive events, thus contributing to one's physiological efficacy information, and that positive reappraisals can raise perceived performance efficacy. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): The hypothesized inter-correlations and the patterns of observed variable relationships to underlying factors were specified in the model and used to test the hypothesis that the sample correlations were consistent with the factor structure proposed. The model was fit using a varimax rotation. Factor analysis and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) outcomes will be described. Results: Participants were 159 subjects in a larger prospective study to identify quality of life in men with prostate cancer. Two factors of the SUPPH were identified: (1) Physiological efficacy information and (2) Performance efficacy information. Conclusions and Implications: Findings support the hypothesis that the factor structure of the SUPPH is consistent with Bandura's (1997) theory. Use of an instrument to measure self-efficacy may facilitate the conduct of further studies to validate Bandura's assertions that an individual's self-efficacy is related to quality of life during chronic illness. Most conceptualizations of quality of life in cancer patients gave little attention to patients' self-efficacy, possibly due to lack of a measurement tool. Research using the SUPPH to measure self-efficacy in cancer patients may reveal deficits that could be used to target interventions.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:03:21Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:03:21Z-
dc.conference.date2006en_US
dc.conference.name18th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationCherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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