2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163213
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Assessment of Food Experiences and Daily Survival Strategies among the Homeless
Author(s):
Martins, Diane C.; Orellana, Rebecca
Author Details:
Diane C. Martins, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor, Community Health Nursing, University of Rhode Island College of Nursing, Kingston, Rhode Island, USA, email: dcmartins@uri.edu; Rebecca Orellana, B.S., Dietetics
Abstract:
Purpose: This study explores the food experiences, food survival strategies, and nutritional status among people who are homeless. The focus of past research has been predominantly on domiciled families living in poverty. Theoretical Framework: A critical social theoretical perspective is used in this study. An interdisciplinary, community-centered model is also used to guide the research through a Food, Hunger, and Nutrition (FHN) Partnership. This interdisciplinary partnership provides multiple perspectives on the correlates of food, hunger and nutrition. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): Design: Qualitative interviews and quantitative physical measurements are used as well as a survey. The sample is 250 homeless men and women that are 18 years of age an older. The setting is a multi service center for the homeless. This setting includes soup kitchens, shelters, drop in center, health clinic and outreach van services. Sociodemographic, physical data, and survey data is collected on each person in the study sample. The participants complete the USDA/CPS Food Security short form survey with 46 items. Physical measurements collected include a height and weight for BMI, blood pressure, waist circumference and a 24 hour food diary at intake. Results: Data will be analyzed for correlations between physical data, survey responses and sociodemographic data. Conclusions and Implications: This study will contribute to the understanding of how federally funded and charity food programs contribute to the food needs of homeless persons. Surveys of charity food programs indicate that homeless persons make up 25% of soup kitchen users and 5% of food panty users. It is unknown how many homeless persons are able to participate in federal food programs and how services and outreach might be tailored to meet their unique life circumstances. The findings will increase understanding of the relationship among homelessness, food intake, physical measurements and health status of people who are homeless.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Name:
18th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Description:
�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAssessment of Food Experiences and Daily Survival Strategies among the Homelessen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMartins, Diane C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorOrellana, Rebeccaen_US
dc.author.detailsDiane C. Martins, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor, Community Health Nursing, University of Rhode Island College of Nursing, Kingston, Rhode Island, USA, email: dcmartins@uri.edu; Rebecca Orellana, B.S., Dieteticsen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163213-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: This study explores the food experiences, food survival strategies, and nutritional status among people who are homeless. The focus of past research has been predominantly on domiciled families living in poverty. Theoretical Framework: A critical social theoretical perspective is used in this study. An interdisciplinary, community-centered model is also used to guide the research through a Food, Hunger, and Nutrition (FHN) Partnership. This interdisciplinary partnership provides multiple perspectives on the correlates of food, hunger and nutrition. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): Design: Qualitative interviews and quantitative physical measurements are used as well as a survey. The sample is 250 homeless men and women that are 18 years of age an older. The setting is a multi service center for the homeless. This setting includes soup kitchens, shelters, drop in center, health clinic and outreach van services. Sociodemographic, physical data, and survey data is collected on each person in the study sample. The participants complete the USDA/CPS Food Security short form survey with 46 items. Physical measurements collected include a height and weight for BMI, blood pressure, waist circumference and a 24 hour food diary at intake. Results: Data will be analyzed for correlations between physical data, survey responses and sociodemographic data. Conclusions and Implications: This study will contribute to the understanding of how federally funded and charity food programs contribute to the food needs of homeless persons. Surveys of charity food programs indicate that homeless persons make up 25% of soup kitchen users and 5% of food panty users. It is unknown how many homeless persons are able to participate in federal food programs and how services and outreach might be tailored to meet their unique life circumstances. The findings will increase understanding of the relationship among homelessness, food intake, physical measurements and health status of people who are homeless.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:03:26Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:03:26Z-
dc.conference.date2006en_US
dc.conference.name18th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationCherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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