2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163227
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Integrative Review: Smoking and Depression among Adolescents
Author(s):
Park, Sunhee; Romer, Dan; Weaver, Terri E.
Author Details:
Sunhee Park, University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, email: sunheep3@nursing.upenn.edu; Dan Romer; Terri E. Weaver
Abstract:
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to review the literature, to examine the nature of the relationships between smoking and depression in adolescence, and to suggest future research directions. Theoretical Framework: Although researchers have strongly suggested the existence of an association between smoking and depression among adolescents, they have not reached a consensus on what the true association between the two factors is. Thus, the relationships between two factors suggested in the literature were examined. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): A literature search was conducted from the following six databases: (a) Ovid MEDLINE, (b) CINAHL, (c) PubMed Unrestricted, (d) PsycINFO, (e) ERIC, and (f) Sociological Abstracts. The combinations of the words, "depression," "smoking," "tobacco," "adolescent," and "teen" were used for keyword searches to find relevant articles. Results: In 47 out of 57 studies, statistically significant associations between smoking and depression were found. Despite the significant relationship between smoking and depression, researchers have not revealed how smoking and depression are associated. Five possible relationships have been suggested in the literature: (a) depression as an antecedent to smoking, (b) smoking as an antecedent to depression, (c) a bidirectional relationship between smoking and depression, (d) co-existence of smoking and depression due to confounding factors, and (e) existence of subgroups whose relationship between smoking and depression differ. Conclusions and Implications: It is necessary to further explore the true relationship between smoking and depression. There are four issues to consider for future research: (a) a longitudinal research design, (b) accurate measurement of depression, (c) the exploration of confounders between smoking and depression, and (d) control for confounders.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Name:
18th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Description:
�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleIntegrative Review: Smoking and Depression among Adolescentsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorPark, Sunheeen_US
dc.contributor.authorRomer, Danen_US
dc.contributor.authorWeaver, Terri E.en_US
dc.author.detailsSunhee Park, University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, email: sunheep3@nursing.upenn.edu; Dan Romer; Terri E. Weaveren_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163227-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The purpose of this paper is to review the literature, to examine the nature of the relationships between smoking and depression in adolescence, and to suggest future research directions. Theoretical Framework: Although researchers have strongly suggested the existence of an association between smoking and depression among adolescents, they have not reached a consensus on what the true association between the two factors is. Thus, the relationships between two factors suggested in the literature were examined. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): A literature search was conducted from the following six databases: (a) Ovid MEDLINE, (b) CINAHL, (c) PubMed Unrestricted, (d) PsycINFO, (e) ERIC, and (f) Sociological Abstracts. The combinations of the words, "depression," "smoking," "tobacco," "adolescent," and "teen" were used for keyword searches to find relevant articles. Results: In 47 out of 57 studies, statistically significant associations between smoking and depression were found. Despite the significant relationship between smoking and depression, researchers have not revealed how smoking and depression are associated. Five possible relationships have been suggested in the literature: (a) depression as an antecedent to smoking, (b) smoking as an antecedent to depression, (c) a bidirectional relationship between smoking and depression, (d) co-existence of smoking and depression due to confounding factors, and (e) existence of subgroups whose relationship between smoking and depression differ. Conclusions and Implications: It is necessary to further explore the true relationship between smoking and depression. There are four issues to consider for future research: (a) a longitudinal research design, (b) accurate measurement of depression, (c) the exploration of confounders between smoking and depression, and (d) control for confounders.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:03:40Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:03:40Z-
dc.conference.date2006en_US
dc.conference.name18th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationCherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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