Appraisal of Spousal Bereavement: Appraisal Types and Their Relationship to Coping and Emotional Health

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163254
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Appraisal of Spousal Bereavement: Appraisal Types and Their Relationship to Coping and Emotional Health
Author(s):
Sternas, Kathleen A.; Chang, Audrey
Author Details:
Kathleen A. Sternas, Ph.D, RN, Associate Professor, Seton Hall University, Nursing, Verona, New Jersey, USA, email: sternaka@shu.edu; Audrey Chang, Ph.D
Abstract:
Purpose: Spousal bereavement is a stressor which can affect meaning of widowhood, coping and emotional health. This study focused on the development of an Appraisal of Bereavement Scale (ABS), and an examination of appraisal types and their relationship to coping and emotional health. Theoretical Framework: Lazarus and Folkman's stress-appraisal-coping framework guided the study. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): A correlational design was used. Widows (n = 60) and widowers ( n = 21), aged 52 to 91, identified through burial records, completed the ABS, Revised Ways of Coping, and the Profile of Mood States (POMS). Pearson correlations and factor analysis were used. Results: Factor analysis revealed five appraisal factors: harm loss and threat to self in present and future; challenge; benign; beneficial-positive; and harm-loss around family/friends and social activities. Cronbach alpha reliabilities for the ABS subscales ranged from .73 to .92. Harm-loss and threat to self was related to more accepts responsibility, confrontive, escape-avoidance, and self-controlling coping. Challenge, benign and beneficial-positive appraisals were related to: more distancing, planful problem-solving, positive reappraisal, self-controlling, and less escape-avoidance coping. Harm-loss/threat around family, friends and social activities was related to more escape-avoidance. Better emotional health was related to challenge, beneficial-positive and benign appraisals. Harm-loss/threat appraisals to self was positively related to anger-hostility (r =.44, p < .001), depression-dejection (r =.63, p < .001), confusion-bewilderment (r =.53, p < .001), fatigue-inertia (r =.49, p < .001), tension-anxiety (r = .57, p < .001), and total mood disturbance (r = .62, p < .001) and negatively related to vigor (r = .- 46, p < .001). Conclusions and Implications: Widowed persons at risk for emotional health problems were those who appraised bereavement as a harm-loss and threat. This study is preliminary and needs to be replicated using a larger sample. Implications include the importance of assessing appraisal types to identify widowed persons at risk for ineffective coping and poor emotional health.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Name:
18th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Description:
�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAppraisal of Spousal Bereavement: Appraisal Types and Their Relationship to Coping and Emotional Healthen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSternas, Kathleen A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorChang, Audreyen_US
dc.author.detailsKathleen A. Sternas, Ph.D, RN, Associate Professor, Seton Hall University, Nursing, Verona, New Jersey, USA, email: sternaka@shu.edu; Audrey Chang, Ph.Den_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163254-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Spousal bereavement is a stressor which can affect meaning of widowhood, coping and emotional health. This study focused on the development of an Appraisal of Bereavement Scale (ABS), and an examination of appraisal types and their relationship to coping and emotional health. Theoretical Framework: Lazarus and Folkman's stress-appraisal-coping framework guided the study. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): A correlational design was used. Widows (n = 60) and widowers ( n = 21), aged 52 to 91, identified through burial records, completed the ABS, Revised Ways of Coping, and the Profile of Mood States (POMS). Pearson correlations and factor analysis were used. Results: Factor analysis revealed five appraisal factors: harm loss and threat to self in present and future; challenge; benign; beneficial-positive; and harm-loss around family/friends and social activities. Cronbach alpha reliabilities for the ABS subscales ranged from .73 to .92. Harm-loss and threat to self was related to more accepts responsibility, confrontive, escape-avoidance, and self-controlling coping. Challenge, benign and beneficial-positive appraisals were related to: more distancing, planful problem-solving, positive reappraisal, self-controlling, and less escape-avoidance coping. Harm-loss/threat around family, friends and social activities was related to more escape-avoidance. Better emotional health was related to challenge, beneficial-positive and benign appraisals. Harm-loss/threat appraisals to self was positively related to anger-hostility (r =.44, p < .001), depression-dejection (r =.63, p < .001), confusion-bewilderment (r =.53, p < .001), fatigue-inertia (r =.49, p < .001), tension-anxiety (r = .57, p < .001), and total mood disturbance (r = .62, p < .001) and negatively related to vigor (r = .- 46, p < .001). Conclusions and Implications: Widowed persons at risk for emotional health problems were those who appraised bereavement as a harm-loss and threat. This study is preliminary and needs to be replicated using a larger sample. Implications include the importance of assessing appraisal types to identify widowed persons at risk for ineffective coping and poor emotional health.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:04:09Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:04:09Z-
dc.conference.date2006en_US
dc.conference.name18th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationCherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.