The Development of an Art and Writing Program to Promote Psychosocial health in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163270
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Development of an Art and Writing Program to Promote Psychosocial health in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes
Author(s):
Whittemore, Robin; Lindemann, Evie
Author Details:
Robin Whittemore, PhD, APRN, Associate Research Scientist, Yale University, Nursing, New Haven, Connecticut, USA, email: robin.whittemore@yale.edu; Evie Lindemann, MA, MFT, MAAT
Abstract:
Purpose: Psychosocial distress is common in adults with type 2 diabetes, yet interventions to improve psychosocial health are limited and largely understudied. Encompassing a variety of modalities, expressive arts interventions focus on the development of insight into personally significant situations and the clarification of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. The aims of this study were to develop a group-based art and writing intervention to promote psychosocial health in adults with type 2 diabetes and to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of the intervention for adults with type 2 diabetes. Theoretical Framework: The life story theory of identity guided the intervention development. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): A participatory method was used to develop the intervention and a one-group pre-post test design was used to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the intervention. Pre and post data were collected on diabetes-specific psychosocial health (problems in diabetes, integration) and general psychosocial health (well-being, depressive symptoms) using established instruments with high reliability and validity. Results: The protocol for the intervention was initially developed in collaboration with a psychotherapist/art therapist. Two focus groups were held with certified diabetes educators to enhance the clinical and cultural relevance of the protocol. Five diverse adults with type 2 diabetes completed the 6 week program. Attendance and satisfaction with the program were high. Participants reported that sessions relieved stress, helped bring out inner feelings, and were culturally enriching. There was little improvement in diabetes-specific psychosocial health; however, improvement in general psychosocial health was demonstrated at the conclusion of the program. Three-month data collection is pending. Conclusions and Implications: Intervention development is complex and requires a systematic approach. This project resulted in a well-specified protocol for an art and writing program. Future research aimed at pilot testing this intervention is enhanced by this preliminary intervention development study.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Name:
18th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Description:
�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Development of an Art and Writing Program to Promote Psychosocial health in Adults with Type 2 Diabetesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorWhittemore, Robinen_US
dc.contributor.authorLindemann, Evieen_US
dc.author.detailsRobin Whittemore, PhD, APRN, Associate Research Scientist, Yale University, Nursing, New Haven, Connecticut, USA, email: robin.whittemore@yale.edu; Evie Lindemann, MA, MFT, MAATen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163270-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Psychosocial distress is common in adults with type 2 diabetes, yet interventions to improve psychosocial health are limited and largely understudied. Encompassing a variety of modalities, expressive arts interventions focus on the development of insight into personally significant situations and the clarification of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. The aims of this study were to develop a group-based art and writing intervention to promote psychosocial health in adults with type 2 diabetes and to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of the intervention for adults with type 2 diabetes. Theoretical Framework: The life story theory of identity guided the intervention development. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): A participatory method was used to develop the intervention and a one-group pre-post test design was used to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the intervention. Pre and post data were collected on diabetes-specific psychosocial health (problems in diabetes, integration) and general psychosocial health (well-being, depressive symptoms) using established instruments with high reliability and validity. Results: The protocol for the intervention was initially developed in collaboration with a psychotherapist/art therapist. Two focus groups were held with certified diabetes educators to enhance the clinical and cultural relevance of the protocol. Five diverse adults with type 2 diabetes completed the 6 week program. Attendance and satisfaction with the program were high. Participants reported that sessions relieved stress, helped bring out inner feelings, and were culturally enriching. There was little improvement in diabetes-specific psychosocial health; however, improvement in general psychosocial health was demonstrated at the conclusion of the program. Three-month data collection is pending. Conclusions and Implications: Intervention development is complex and requires a systematic approach. This project resulted in a well-specified protocol for an art and writing program. Future research aimed at pilot testing this intervention is enhanced by this preliminary intervention development study.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:04:27Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:04:27Z-
dc.conference.date2006en_US
dc.conference.name18th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationCherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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