Selecting a Theoretical Framework to Study Health Literacy and HIV Medication Adherence

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163306
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Selecting a Theoretical Framework to Study Health Literacy and HIV Medication Adherence
Author(s):
Colbert, Alison M.; Erlen, Judith A.
Author Details:
Alison M. Colbert, MSN, APRN, BC, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, email: amc38@pitt.edu; Judith A. Erlen, PhD, RN, FAAN
Abstract:
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the potential role of health literacy in three theories (Health Belief Model, Theory of Reasoned Action, and Social Cognitive Theory) and to compare the theoretical perspectives in order to identify an appropriate theoretical framework for examining health literacy and medication adherence. Background: Health literacy is a significant issue for all individuals and is even more crucial for the person living with a chronic disorder or health condition due to more frequent and complicated interactions with the health care system. For example, people living with HIV/AIDS-a multi-dimensional, chronic, infectious disease-have higher health literacy demands because successful management of the disease requires strict adherence to a complicated medication regimen. Current research estimates that at least one in five individuals in the U.S. has inadequate health literacy. Existing research on health literacy has begun to highlight its essential role in health outcomes, including a relationship between health literacy and HIV medication adherence. Approach: The study examined the key components of health literacy, reviewed three theories, and, using predetermined criteria, selected the most appropriate theoretical framework to identify the mechanism by which health literacy may affect medication adherence. Major Points & Rationale: In light of the significant evidence supporting health literacy's role, nursing researchers investigating health outcomes need to consider including health literacy as a potential variable. To accomplish this, it is first necessary to show how health literacy can be represented theoretically, in a framework that explains the mechanism by which it may affect health outcomes, such as adherence. Conclusions: Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory is an appropriate theoretical framework to guide research in health literacy and medication adherence. The proposed model has the potential to provide a framework for research in this area.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2007
Conference Name:
19th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Description:
Conference theme: Building Communities of Scholarship and Research, held April 12-14, 2007 at The Westin Providence.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSelecting a Theoretical Framework to Study Health Literacy and HIV Medication Adherenceen_GB
dc.contributor.authorColbert, Alison M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorErlen, Judith A.en_US
dc.author.detailsAlison M. Colbert, MSN, APRN, BC, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, email: amc38@pitt.edu; Judith A. Erlen, PhD, RN, FAANen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163306-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the potential role of health literacy in three theories (Health Belief Model, Theory of Reasoned Action, and Social Cognitive Theory) and to compare the theoretical perspectives in order to identify an appropriate theoretical framework for examining health literacy and medication adherence. Background: Health literacy is a significant issue for all individuals and is even more crucial for the person living with a chronic disorder or health condition due to more frequent and complicated interactions with the health care system. For example, people living with HIV/AIDS-a multi-dimensional, chronic, infectious disease-have higher health literacy demands because successful management of the disease requires strict adherence to a complicated medication regimen. Current research estimates that at least one in five individuals in the U.S. has inadequate health literacy. Existing research on health literacy has begun to highlight its essential role in health outcomes, including a relationship between health literacy and HIV medication adherence. Approach: The study examined the key components of health literacy, reviewed three theories, and, using predetermined criteria, selected the most appropriate theoretical framework to identify the mechanism by which health literacy may affect medication adherence. Major Points & Rationale: In light of the significant evidence supporting health literacy's role, nursing researchers investigating health outcomes need to consider including health literacy as a potential variable. To accomplish this, it is first necessary to show how health literacy can be represented theoretically, in a framework that explains the mechanism by which it may affect health outcomes, such as adherence. Conclusions: Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory is an appropriate theoretical framework to guide research in health literacy and medication adherence. The proposed model has the potential to provide a framework for research in this area.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:05:08Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:05:08Z-
dc.conference.date2007en_US
dc.conference.name19th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationProvidence, Rhode Island, USAen_US
dc.descriptionConference theme: Building Communities of Scholarship and Research, held April 12-14, 2007 at The Westin Providence.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.