Squire's Model of Memory Systems and A Behavioral Training Program For Clients with Mild Alzheimer's Disease

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163310
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Squire's Model of Memory Systems and A Behavioral Training Program For Clients with Mild Alzheimer's Disease
Author(s):
Curtin, Alicia J.
Author Details:
Alicia J. Curtin, PhD, GNP, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, Massachusetts, USA, email: alicia_curtin@mhri.org
Abstract:
Purpose: The urgent need to develop interventions for clients with mild Alzheimer's disease living at home has been voiced by a wide range of health care professionals and researchers. Background: Squire and colleagues (1993) argue that two separate distinct memory systems exist, procedural and declarative memory systems. Procedural memory is an automatic and unconscious process requiring repetition and practice to relearn behavioral skills. Researchers have demonstrated that procedural memory is preserved in clients with mild AD despite significant cognitive losses. Accordingly, nursing interventions based on preserved memory may be most effective in reactivating the procedural memory system in relearning a procedural task by clients with mild AD. Approach: Based on Squire's model, an exploratory design was used to examine the effects of a behavioral training program, in decreasing the need of prompting in a specific procedural task, preparing a meal. Five female clients with mild AD, ranging in age from 71-85, and their caregivers participated in the study. The training program consisted of 5 consecutive days of training sessions and 5 consecutive days of maintenance sessions using a highly structured, repetitive approach with graded assistance. Major Points & Rationale: All five clients decreased their need for prompting in performing the task. Only minimal verbal prompting was needed for clients to complete the task independently. Repetition and practice reactivated the procedural memory system to produce the desired behavior and only minimal verbal prompting was necessary when learning a 'new' subtask. Conclusions: These findings lend support to the usefulness of Squire's Model of Memory Systems in guiding the development of nursing interventions for clients with mild AD. Relearning a certain procedural task may require less training and may be more stable over time than the learning of a 'new' procedural task.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2007
Conference Name:
19th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Description:
Conference theme: Building Communities of Scholarship and Research, held April 12-14, 2007 at The Westin Providence.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSquire's Model of Memory Systems and A Behavioral Training Program For Clients with Mild Alzheimer's Diseaseen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCurtin, Alicia J.en_US
dc.author.detailsAlicia J. Curtin, PhD, GNP, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, Massachusetts, USA, email: alicia_curtin@mhri.orgen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163310-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The urgent need to develop interventions for clients with mild Alzheimer's disease living at home has been voiced by a wide range of health care professionals and researchers. Background: Squire and colleagues (1993) argue that two separate distinct memory systems exist, procedural and declarative memory systems. Procedural memory is an automatic and unconscious process requiring repetition and practice to relearn behavioral skills. Researchers have demonstrated that procedural memory is preserved in clients with mild AD despite significant cognitive losses. Accordingly, nursing interventions based on preserved memory may be most effective in reactivating the procedural memory system in relearning a procedural task by clients with mild AD. Approach: Based on Squire's model, an exploratory design was used to examine the effects of a behavioral training program, in decreasing the need of prompting in a specific procedural task, preparing a meal. Five female clients with mild AD, ranging in age from 71-85, and their caregivers participated in the study. The training program consisted of 5 consecutive days of training sessions and 5 consecutive days of maintenance sessions using a highly structured, repetitive approach with graded assistance. Major Points & Rationale: All five clients decreased their need for prompting in performing the task. Only minimal verbal prompting was needed for clients to complete the task independently. Repetition and practice reactivated the procedural memory system to produce the desired behavior and only minimal verbal prompting was necessary when learning a 'new' subtask. Conclusions: These findings lend support to the usefulness of Squire's Model of Memory Systems in guiding the development of nursing interventions for clients with mild AD. Relearning a certain procedural task may require less training and may be more stable over time than the learning of a 'new' procedural task.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:05:12Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:05:12Z-
dc.conference.date2007en_US
dc.conference.name19th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationProvidence, Rhode Island, USAen_US
dc.descriptionConference theme: Building Communities of Scholarship and Research, held April 12-14, 2007 at The Westin Providence.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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