2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163316
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Influences on Adherence in African American Women with HIV
Author(s):
Dolan Looby, Sara Elizabeth
Author Details:
Sara Elizabeth Dolan Looby, PhD(c), APRN, Massachusetts General Hospital and Boston College, Newton Centre, Massachusetts, USA, email: slooby@partners.org
Abstract:
Purpose: Adherence to prescribed healthcare recommendations is critical for the prevention of HIV treatment and virologic failure, transmission of resistant strains of HIV, and symptom management. Adherence continues to be a challenge for many living with HIV in the United States, including the growing number of African American women. The purpose of this study is to investigate the direct and indirect influence of depression, subjective well being, faith/spiritual beliefs, and physical activity on adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART); medical appointments, and methods to prevent the transmission of HIV to others (positive prevention), in African American women with HIV. Theoretical Framework: This study will be guided by a novel theoretical model developed by the investigator that examines the influence of these factors on adherence in this population (picture of model available). Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): 200 African American women with HIV will be recruited for this single visit cross-sectional survey design study. Eligibility criteria include African American women, English speaking, age - 18, HIV positive, and able to provide informed consent. Participants will complete demographic and clinical questionnaires that include questions about adherence to positive prevention, and medical appointments. Other questionnaires include: The Center for Adherence Support Evaluation (CASE) Adherence Index (ART adherence), CES-D (Depression), Satisfaction with Life Scale and the Affectometer 2 (Subjective well-being), the Faith sub-scale of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being Scale (faith/spiritual beliefs), and the Paffenbarger Physical Activity Questionnaire (physical activity). Descriptive statistics will be used to analyze the demographic and clinical data. Linear regression, correlation, and path analysis will be used to test study hypotheses. Results: Study is ongoing. Preliminary results will be reported. Conclusions and Implications: Study results will guide the development of gender and culturally sensitive interventions to enhance adherence in this population. Study findings will also provide new insights into the theoretical underpinnings of adherence in African American women with HIV.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2007
Conference Name:
19th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Description:
Conference theme: Building Communities of Scholarship and Research, held April 12-14, 2007 at The Westin Providence.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleInfluences on Adherence in African American Women with HIVen_GB
dc.contributor.authorDolan Looby, Sara Elizabethen_US
dc.author.detailsSara Elizabeth Dolan Looby, PhD(c), APRN, Massachusetts General Hospital and Boston College, Newton Centre, Massachusetts, USA, email: slooby@partners.orgen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163316-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Adherence to prescribed healthcare recommendations is critical for the prevention of HIV treatment and virologic failure, transmission of resistant strains of HIV, and symptom management. Adherence continues to be a challenge for many living with HIV in the United States, including the growing number of African American women. The purpose of this study is to investigate the direct and indirect influence of depression, subjective well being, faith/spiritual beliefs, and physical activity on adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART); medical appointments, and methods to prevent the transmission of HIV to others (positive prevention), in African American women with HIV. Theoretical Framework: This study will be guided by a novel theoretical model developed by the investigator that examines the influence of these factors on adherence in this population (picture of model available). Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): 200 African American women with HIV will be recruited for this single visit cross-sectional survey design study. Eligibility criteria include African American women, English speaking, age - 18, HIV positive, and able to provide informed consent. Participants will complete demographic and clinical questionnaires that include questions about adherence to positive prevention, and medical appointments. Other questionnaires include: The Center for Adherence Support Evaluation (CASE) Adherence Index (ART adherence), CES-D (Depression), Satisfaction with Life Scale and the Affectometer 2 (Subjective well-being), the Faith sub-scale of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being Scale (faith/spiritual beliefs), and the Paffenbarger Physical Activity Questionnaire (physical activity). Descriptive statistics will be used to analyze the demographic and clinical data. Linear regression, correlation, and path analysis will be used to test study hypotheses. Results: Study is ongoing. Preliminary results will be reported. Conclusions and Implications: Study results will guide the development of gender and culturally sensitive interventions to enhance adherence in this population. Study findings will also provide new insights into the theoretical underpinnings of adherence in African American women with HIV.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:05:18Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:05:18Z-
dc.conference.date2007en_US
dc.conference.name19th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationProvidence, Rhode Island, USAen_US
dc.descriptionConference theme: Building Communities of Scholarship and Research, held April 12-14, 2007 at The Westin Providence.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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