Life Satisfaction and Associated Factors among Korean Elderly: Comparison by Gender and Living Arrangement

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163368
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Life Satisfaction and Associated Factors among Korean Elderly: Comparison by Gender and Living Arrangement
Author(s):
An, Ji-Young; Wexler, Sharon S.
Author Details:
Ji-Young An, RN, MPH, PhD, Full-time Faculty, New York University College of Nursing, New York, New York, USA, email: jya206@nyu.edu; Sharon S. Wexler, MA, RN, CNA, BC
Abstract:
Purpose: The purposes were to: (1) examine the significant differences in life satisfaction (LS), self-esteem (SE), and perceived health status (PHS) according to living arrangement (LA) and gender and (2) examine the associations and gender differences among LS, SE, and PHS. Theoretical Framework: Social support theory is utilized as the theoretical framework in this study. Social support impacts health status and health behavior, and the theory addresses structure and interaction in relationships. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): Design: Descriptive study 41. Sample: A total of 207 (121 women and 86 men) Korean elderly. Setting: An urban community senior center in Korea. Measures: Life Satisfaction Scale; the Korean version of the Rosenberg Self-esteem scale; PHS including physical and psychosocial health status. Analysis: Descriptive statistics, c2 test, Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel statistics, Fisher's exact test, t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, MANCOVA. Results: There were highly significant correlations among LS, SE, and PHS. As chronological age increases, LS (F=11.22, p=0.001), SE (F=4.57, p=0.034), and PHS (F=59.16, p< 0.0001) were significantly decreased. In the MANCOVA with age as covariate, the outcomes showed that gender (F=4.61, p=0.004) and LA (F=4.20, p< 0.0001) significantly affected LS, SE, and PHS in Korean elderly. Women were less satisfied with their lives, had lower SE, and rated their overall PHS poorer. Elderly living alone consistently showed the lowest scores in LS, SE, and PHS. Those living with their married son appeared the most satisfied with their lives, had the highest SE, and PHS. Conclusions and Implications: The observed associations among LS, SE and PHS suggest that government programs need to be developed to assist especially Korean elderly women to improve their overall well-being and to assist children in caring for their parents.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Name:
18th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Description:
�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleLife Satisfaction and Associated Factors among Korean Elderly: Comparison by Gender and Living Arrangementen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAn, Ji-Youngen_US
dc.contributor.authorWexler, Sharon S.en_US
dc.author.detailsJi-Young An, RN, MPH, PhD, Full-time Faculty, New York University College of Nursing, New York, New York, USA, email: jya206@nyu.edu; Sharon S. Wexler, MA, RN, CNA, BCen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163368-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The purposes were to: (1) examine the significant differences in life satisfaction (LS), self-esteem (SE), and perceived health status (PHS) according to living arrangement (LA) and gender and (2) examine the associations and gender differences among LS, SE, and PHS. Theoretical Framework: Social support theory is utilized as the theoretical framework in this study. Social support impacts health status and health behavior, and the theory addresses structure and interaction in relationships. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): Design: Descriptive study 41. Sample: A total of 207 (121 women and 86 men) Korean elderly. Setting: An urban community senior center in Korea. Measures: Life Satisfaction Scale; the Korean version of the Rosenberg Self-esteem scale; PHS including physical and psychosocial health status. Analysis: Descriptive statistics, c2 test, Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel statistics, Fisher's exact test, t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, MANCOVA. Results: There were highly significant correlations among LS, SE, and PHS. As chronological age increases, LS (F=11.22, p=0.001), SE (F=4.57, p=0.034), and PHS (F=59.16, p< 0.0001) were significantly decreased. In the MANCOVA with age as covariate, the outcomes showed that gender (F=4.61, p=0.004) and LA (F=4.20, p< 0.0001) significantly affected LS, SE, and PHS in Korean elderly. Women were less satisfied with their lives, had lower SE, and rated their overall PHS poorer. Elderly living alone consistently showed the lowest scores in LS, SE, and PHS. Those living with their married son appeared the most satisfied with their lives, had the highest SE, and PHS. Conclusions and Implications: The observed associations among LS, SE and PHS suggest that government programs need to be developed to assist especially Korean elderly women to improve their overall well-being and to assist children in caring for their parents.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:06:18Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:06:18Z-
dc.conference.date2006en_US
dc.conference.name18th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationCherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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