The Relationship between Social Support and Positive Health Practices In Pregnant Women: The Role of Mediating Variables

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163385
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Relationship between Social Support and Positive Health Practices In Pregnant Women: The Role of Mediating Variables
Author(s):
Cannella, Barbara L.
Author Details:
Barbara L. Cannella, PhD, RNCm Clinical Assistant Professor, Rutgers University College of Nursing, Newark, New Jersey, USA, email: cannella@rutgers.edu
Abstract:
Purpose: The study's purpose was to examine the association between social support and positive health practices in pregnant women and to test this relationship by examining two mediational variables, perceived health status and optimism, which might help to explain the association. Theoretical Framework: To theory build, the three relationships in each mediational model were constructed using theoretical propositions and empirical support from the literature. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): The research design was correlational. The sample of convenience consisted of 152 pregnant women attending childbirth education classes. Participants responded to the: (a) demographic data sheet, (b) Health Practices for Pregnant Women Questionnaire-II, (c) Personal Resource Questionnaire85--Part 2, a measure of social support (d) General Health Rating Index, a measure of perceived health status and (e) Life Orientation Test, a measure of optimism. Five hypothesized bivariate relationships were tested using the Pearson correlation. The two mediational hypotheses were tested using a series of regression analyses suggested by Baron and Kenny (1986). Results: Social support was positively related to positive health practices; this relationship was basic to both mediational models. In the first model, social support was positively related to perceived health status, and perceived health status was positively related to positive health practices, but perceived health status was not a complete mediator of the social support-positive health practices relationship. In the second model, social support was positively related to optimism, optimism was positively related to positive health practices, but optimism was not a complete mediator of the social support-positive health practices relationship. A post-hoc Sobel test indicated that social support had an indirect effect on positive health practices through each mediator. Conclusions and Implications: The five hypothesized bivariate relationships were supported, but neither mediational model demonstrated complete mediation. The results suggest that nurses should assess the social support, perceived health status, and optimism of pregnant women in order to promote their positive health practices.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Name:
18th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Description:
�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Relationship between Social Support and Positive Health Practices In Pregnant Women: The Role of Mediating Variablesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCannella, Barbara L.en_US
dc.author.detailsBarbara L. Cannella, PhD, RNCm Clinical Assistant Professor, Rutgers University College of Nursing, Newark, New Jersey, USA, email: cannella@rutgers.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163385-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The study's purpose was to examine the association between social support and positive health practices in pregnant women and to test this relationship by examining two mediational variables, perceived health status and optimism, which might help to explain the association. Theoretical Framework: To theory build, the three relationships in each mediational model were constructed using theoretical propositions and empirical support from the literature. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): The research design was correlational. The sample of convenience consisted of 152 pregnant women attending childbirth education classes. Participants responded to the: (a) demographic data sheet, (b) Health Practices for Pregnant Women Questionnaire-II, (c) Personal Resource Questionnaire85--Part 2, a measure of social support (d) General Health Rating Index, a measure of perceived health status and (e) Life Orientation Test, a measure of optimism. Five hypothesized bivariate relationships were tested using the Pearson correlation. The two mediational hypotheses were tested using a series of regression analyses suggested by Baron and Kenny (1986). Results: Social support was positively related to positive health practices; this relationship was basic to both mediational models. In the first model, social support was positively related to perceived health status, and perceived health status was positively related to positive health practices, but perceived health status was not a complete mediator of the social support-positive health practices relationship. In the second model, social support was positively related to optimism, optimism was positively related to positive health practices, but optimism was not a complete mediator of the social support-positive health practices relationship. A post-hoc Sobel test indicated that social support had an indirect effect on positive health practices through each mediator. Conclusions and Implications: The five hypothesized bivariate relationships were supported, but neither mediational model demonstrated complete mediation. The results suggest that nurses should assess the social support, perceived health status, and optimism of pregnant women in order to promote their positive health practices.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:06:38Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:06:38Z-
dc.conference.date2006en_US
dc.conference.name18th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationCherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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