2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163389
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Psychometric Properties of the Tobacco Abstinence Self-efficacy Scale
Author(s):
Caruthers, Donna D.; Sereika, Susan; Albrecht, Susan; Perkins, Kenneth; Dunbar-Jacob, Jacqueline
Author Details:
Donna D. Caruthers, PhD, RN, Project Director, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, email: caru@pitt.edu; Susan Sereika, PhD; Susan Albrecht, PhD, RN; Kenneth Perkins, PhD; Jacqueline Dunbar-Jacob, PhD, RN, FAAN
Abstract:
Purpose: Self-efficacy has been a consistent predictor of smoking relapse. Hospitalized smokers are a prioritized group requiring smoking intervention to improve health outcomes. Unlike previous measures of self-efficacy, this measure was designed with particular focus upon the self-efficacy of remaining abstinent from tobacco during and following a hospitalization. This secondary study examined reliability, convergent and discriminant validity, and structure with an exploratory factor analysis of the Tobacco Abstinence Self-efficacy Scale (TASES). Theoretical Framework: Self-efficacy theory provided the framework for the parent study. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): The sample included 80 hospitalized smokers enrolled in a smoking intervention study (F31 NR07343). On average, participants were female (60%), white (79%), 51 years old (SD=11.18), and smoked 19 cigarettes/day (SD=13). Results: As a measure of internal consistency, the TASES Cronbach's alpha was .99. Based on the control group (n = 29), test-retest reliability coefficient was estimated to be .73, pointing to temporal stability. A bivariate correlation between baseline scores for the TASES and Relapse Situation Efficacy Questionnaire was significant (rs=.81, p=.0001), suggesting convergent validity. No bivariate correlation was found between the summary baseline scores for the TASES and Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (r = -.123, p = .278, n = 80), indicating discriminant validity. Five factors were extracted by principal component analysis with predominant loading on the first factor. These factors focused on controlling smoking urges, resisting urges with situations and hospitalization, over time, and for one cigarette puff. Conclusions and Implications: This initial psychometric examination supported the reliability and stability of the TASES as a measurement tool. Correlations between baseline measures with the TASES supported the construct validity of this self-efficacy tool. The factor analysis suggested the five subscales were similar to the subscales purposely developed within the TASES. The Cronbach Alpha suggested the existence of some redundancy. Further testing is warranted, as well as further examination of variable redundancy.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Name:
18th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Description:
�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePsychometric Properties of the Tobacco Abstinence Self-efficacy Scaleen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCaruthers, Donna D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSereika, Susanen_US
dc.contributor.authorAlbrecht, Susanen_US
dc.contributor.authorPerkins, Kennethen_US
dc.contributor.authorDunbar-Jacob, Jacquelineen_US
dc.author.detailsDonna D. Caruthers, PhD, RN, Project Director, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, email: caru@pitt.edu; Susan Sereika, PhD; Susan Albrecht, PhD, RN; Kenneth Perkins, PhD; Jacqueline Dunbar-Jacob, PhD, RN, FAANen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163389-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Self-efficacy has been a consistent predictor of smoking relapse. Hospitalized smokers are a prioritized group requiring smoking intervention to improve health outcomes. Unlike previous measures of self-efficacy, this measure was designed with particular focus upon the self-efficacy of remaining abstinent from tobacco during and following a hospitalization. This secondary study examined reliability, convergent and discriminant validity, and structure with an exploratory factor analysis of the Tobacco Abstinence Self-efficacy Scale (TASES). Theoretical Framework: Self-efficacy theory provided the framework for the parent study. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): The sample included 80 hospitalized smokers enrolled in a smoking intervention study (F31 NR07343). On average, participants were female (60%), white (79%), 51 years old (SD=11.18), and smoked 19 cigarettes/day (SD=13). Results: As a measure of internal consistency, the TASES Cronbach's alpha was .99. Based on the control group (n = 29), test-retest reliability coefficient was estimated to be .73, pointing to temporal stability. A bivariate correlation between baseline scores for the TASES and Relapse Situation Efficacy Questionnaire was significant (rs=.81, p=.0001), suggesting convergent validity. No bivariate correlation was found between the summary baseline scores for the TASES and Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (r = -.123, p = .278, n = 80), indicating discriminant validity. Five factors were extracted by principal component analysis with predominant loading on the first factor. These factors focused on controlling smoking urges, resisting urges with situations and hospitalization, over time, and for one cigarette puff. Conclusions and Implications: This initial psychometric examination supported the reliability and stability of the TASES as a measurement tool. Correlations between baseline measures with the TASES supported the construct validity of this self-efficacy tool. The factor analysis suggested the five subscales were similar to the subscales purposely developed within the TASES. The Cronbach Alpha suggested the existence of some redundancy. Further testing is warranted, as well as further examination of variable redundancy.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:06:42Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:06:42Z-
dc.conference.date2006en_US
dc.conference.name18th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationCherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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