The Relationship Between Perceived Work Environment and Intent to Leave of Operating Room Nurses

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163416
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Relationship Between Perceived Work Environment and Intent to Leave of Operating Room Nurses
Author(s):
Dudek, Pamela J.; Rentschler, Dorothy; Fetzer, Susan
Author Details:
Pamela J. Dudek, RN, MS, CNOR, Perioperative Clinical Nurse Specialist, Education, Manchester, New Hampshire, USA, email: Pdudek@Elliot-hs.org; Dorothy Rentschler, RN PHD; Susan Fetzer, RN PHD
Abstract:
Purpose: The ongoing shortage of operating room (OR) nurses has become a financial burden to train replacements and a staffing burden because of the duration of orientation. Some researchers have voiced concern that the current work environment is precipitating an exodus of experienced staff. The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a difference in work environment perception between RNs who intended to leave OR nursing and those who intended to stay. Theoretical Framework: The Anticipated Turnover Among Nursing Staff Model developed by Hinshaw and colleagues served as the framework for the study. The 5 stage model considers work environment factors as well as factors unique to the individual nurse that lead to turnover. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): A descriptive design used a web based survey to obtain a convenience sample of 255 OR nurses participating in two listservs. The Perceived Nursing Work Environment (PNWE) instrument measured perception of professional practice attributes in the work environment. Intent to leave was measured by items inquiring about career intent in 12 and 24 months. Results: The average OR nurse in the study was 48.5 years old with 19.7 years of OR experience and had been in her current position for 6.8 years. ANOVA revealed significant differences between PNWE mean scores of RNs who intended to leave OR nursing and those who intended to stay. Conclusions and Implications: Nurses who intended to leave the OR specialty had a significantly lower overall perception of the work environment than those who intended to stay. OR administrators should examine nurse perception of work environment attributes in order to identify areas for intervention to better align with a professional practice nursing model. Efforts to improve perception of the work environment may enhance retention of experienced operating room nurses and recruitment of new nurses to the specialty.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Name:
18th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Description:
�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Relationship Between Perceived Work Environment and Intent to Leave of Operating Room Nursesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorDudek, Pamela J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRentschler, Dorothyen_US
dc.contributor.authorFetzer, Susanen_US
dc.author.detailsPamela J. Dudek, RN, MS, CNOR, Perioperative Clinical Nurse Specialist, Education, Manchester, New Hampshire, USA, email: Pdudek@Elliot-hs.org; Dorothy Rentschler, RN PHD; Susan Fetzer, RN PHDen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163416-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The ongoing shortage of operating room (OR) nurses has become a financial burden to train replacements and a staffing burden because of the duration of orientation. Some researchers have voiced concern that the current work environment is precipitating an exodus of experienced staff. The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a difference in work environment perception between RNs who intended to leave OR nursing and those who intended to stay. Theoretical Framework: The Anticipated Turnover Among Nursing Staff Model developed by Hinshaw and colleagues served as the framework for the study. The 5 stage model considers work environment factors as well as factors unique to the individual nurse that lead to turnover. Methods (Design, Sample, Setting, Measures, Analysis): A descriptive design used a web based survey to obtain a convenience sample of 255 OR nurses participating in two listservs. The Perceived Nursing Work Environment (PNWE) instrument measured perception of professional practice attributes in the work environment. Intent to leave was measured by items inquiring about career intent in 12 and 24 months. Results: The average OR nurse in the study was 48.5 years old with 19.7 years of OR experience and had been in her current position for 6.8 years. ANOVA revealed significant differences between PNWE mean scores of RNs who intended to leave OR nursing and those who intended to stay. Conclusions and Implications: Nurses who intended to leave the OR specialty had a significantly lower overall perception of the work environment than those who intended to stay. OR administrators should examine nurse perception of work environment attributes in order to identify areas for intervention to better align with a professional practice nursing model. Efforts to improve perception of the work environment may enhance retention of experienced operating room nurses and recruitment of new nurses to the specialty.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:07:12Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:07:12Z-
dc.conference.date2006en_US
dc.conference.name18th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationCherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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