Psychometric Analysis of Quality of Life in Individuals with HIV and Liver Disease

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163441
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Psychometric Analysis of Quality of Life in Individuals with HIV and Liver Disease
Author(s):
Henderson, Wendy; Erlen, Judith A.; Caruthers, Donna; Sereika, Susan
Author Details:
Wendy Henderson, PhD, MSN, CRNP, Scientist, NINR/NIH/DHHS, Bethesda, Maryland, United States, email: hendersw@mail.nih.gov; Judith A. Erlen, PhD, RN, FAAN; Donna Caruthers, PhD, RN; Susan Sereika, PhD
Abstract:
Purpose: Quality of life is important to assess in those with HIV and liver disease. In addition to reliable tools, valid measures are needed to assess QOL. This study examined the validity of the MOS-SF-HIV. Background: Methods (sources, analytic approach): This psychometric analysis used data collected from the parent study (RO1NR04749) with patients with HIV and liver disease. MOS-SF-HIV was used to measure QOL. Descriptive, correlation, and factor analyses were used. Results: Sample (N=217) 67.3 % male, 60.8% Caucasian; 48.8% had chronic or permanent hepatitis; age 41.0+7.03, and 64.5% not employed. Factor analysis showed each QOL domain was unidimensional and identified 2 higher-order components physical and mental. QOL across all 8 domains were related with income (ps< .05). Higher income was related with higher QOL (p< .001). Discriminative validity was supported by a mean difference (p=.01) in overall perceived QOL between PWHIV and PWHIV and liver disease. Conclusions and Implications: The hypothesis that PWHIV and liver disease have a poorer QOL was supported. The factor analysis supported the hypothesized structure (construct validity) reported by Ware. Postdictive validity was supported by a significant relationship between higher income and higher QOL. In conclusion, the MOS-SF-HIV is a valid tool for assessing QOL in PWHIV and liver disease. There are limitations to this study including the small sample size and the cause and type of liver disease are unknown.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Name:
18th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Description:
�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePsychometric Analysis of Quality of Life in Individuals with HIV and Liver Diseaseen_GB
dc.contributor.authorHenderson, Wendyen_US
dc.contributor.authorErlen, Judith A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCaruthers, Donnaen_US
dc.contributor.authorSereika, Susanen_US
dc.author.detailsWendy Henderson, PhD, MSN, CRNP, Scientist, NINR/NIH/DHHS, Bethesda, Maryland, United States, email: hendersw@mail.nih.gov; Judith A. Erlen, PhD, RN, FAAN; Donna Caruthers, PhD, RN; Susan Sereika, PhDen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163441-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Quality of life is important to assess in those with HIV and liver disease. In addition to reliable tools, valid measures are needed to assess QOL. This study examined the validity of the MOS-SF-HIV. Background: Methods (sources, analytic approach): This psychometric analysis used data collected from the parent study (RO1NR04749) with patients with HIV and liver disease. MOS-SF-HIV was used to measure QOL. Descriptive, correlation, and factor analyses were used. Results: Sample (N=217) 67.3 % male, 60.8% Caucasian; 48.8% had chronic or permanent hepatitis; age 41.0+7.03, and 64.5% not employed. Factor analysis showed each QOL domain was unidimensional and identified 2 higher-order components physical and mental. QOL across all 8 domains were related with income (ps< .05). Higher income was related with higher QOL (p< .001). Discriminative validity was supported by a mean difference (p=.01) in overall perceived QOL between PWHIV and PWHIV and liver disease. Conclusions and Implications: The hypothesis that PWHIV and liver disease have a poorer QOL was supported. The factor analysis supported the hypothesized structure (construct validity) reported by Ware. Postdictive validity was supported by a significant relationship between higher income and higher QOL. In conclusion, the MOS-SF-HIV is a valid tool for assessing QOL in PWHIV and liver disease. There are limitations to this study including the small sample size and the cause and type of liver disease are unknown.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:07:38Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:07:38Z-
dc.conference.date2006en_US
dc.conference.name18th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationCherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description�New Momentum for Nursing Research: Multidisciplinary Alliances�, held on April 20th -22nd at the Hilton in Cherry Hill, New Jerseyen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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