|Title: ||Adolescent Risk Behavior, Self Esteem, and Social Influence: Comparison of Dominican Youth in Their Homeland and in the United States|
|Author Details: |
|Abstract: ||Significance: Knowledge of health promoting practices and health risk behaviors of different groups is essential for the provision of culturally relevant and competent care. Children and adolescents hold a unique place of importance to any cultural group--they are the depositories and purveyors of cultural beliefs and traditions. Literature on adolescents has consistently suggested that this stage of development is universally associated with risk-taking, questioning self esteem, and shifting social influences as adolescents strive to assert their independent and challenge authority. Purpose: The purpose of this study was twofold: to describe the risk behaviors, self-esteem, and social influences of Dominican adolescents living in their homeland and the US, and to identify differences between these two groups. This study used a cross-sectional, comparative design with data collection sites in Las Matas, DR and Boston, USA. Sample: Data were collection in Dominican Republic (DR) (n = 180) during a 2 week trip where health care was provided in rural mountain villages by a group of volunteer nurses from the US (Intercultural Nursing, Inc.). Data was collected in United States (US) (n = 160) through linkages to community organizations and functions (e.g., YMCA, Boys' and Girls' clubs, street fairs, sporting events). Instruments: Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) (CDC, 1999)- 99 items measures: injuries, tobacco, alcohol and drug use, sexual behaviors, dietary behaviors, physical activity; Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES) (Rosenberg, 1965) -10 items; Social Influence Indicators-5 items (parents, family, friends, school, church) rated on a 0 (no influence) to 10 (very strong influence) scale. Preliminary Impressions: Risk taking behaviors in adolescents is universal. Specific risk-taking behaviors appear to be a function of: economic resources; environmental accessibility; technology; issues related to a closed vs. open society; family, social, legal, and religious sanctions; social influences and role modeling; and adolescent transition into adulthood. Implications: Both culture of birth and culture of environment must be considered when assessing and intervening with adolescents. Universal as well as culturally-specific risk-taking behaviors must be considered and addressed in the provision of health care services and programs for adolescents. Risk-taking behaviors must be considered in the contexts of other positive and negative psychological and social influences.|
|Repository Posting Date: ||27-Oct-2011 |
|Date of Publication: ||27-Oct-2011 |
|Conference Date: ||2005|
|Conference Name: ||17th Annual Scientific Sessions|
|Conference Host: ||Eastern Nursing Research Society|
|Conference Location: ||New York, New York, USA|
|Description: ||�Translational Research for Quality Health Outcomes: Affecting Practice and Healthcare Policy�, held on April 7th -9th at the Roosevelt Hotel, New York|
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|Appears in Collections: ||ENRS - Eastern Nursing Research Society|
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