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Virginia Henderson International Nursing e-Repository > Registry of Nursing Research Conference Abstracts > ENRS - Eastern Nursing Research Society > Adolescent Risk Behavior, Self Esteem, and Social Influence: Comparison of Dominican Youth in Their Homeland and in the United States

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Type: Presentation
Title: Adolescent Risk Behavior, Self Esteem, and Social Influence: Comparison of Dominican Youth in Their Homeland and in the United States
Adolescent Risk Behavior, Self Esteem, and Social Influence: Comparison of Dominican Youth in Their Homeland and in the United States
Conference Sponsor:Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Year:2005
Author:Babington, Lynn, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Northeastern University
Title:Associate Professor
Contact Address:401B Robinson Hall, 360 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA
Contact Telephone:617-373-4603
Co-Authors:Barbara R. Kelley, EdD, MPH, CPNP; Carol A. Patsdaughter, PhD, RN, ACRN
Significance: Knowledge of health promoting practices and health risk behaviors of different groups is essential for the provision of culturally relevant and competent care. Children and adolescents hold a unique place of importance to any cultural group--they are the depositories and purveyors of cultural beliefs and traditions. Literature on adolescents has consistently suggested that this stage of development is universally associated with risk-taking, questioning self esteem, and shifting social influences as adolescents strive to assert their independent and challenge authority. Purpose: The purpose of this study was twofold: to describe the risk behaviors, self-esteem, and social influences of Dominican adolescents living in their homeland and the US, and to identify differences between these two groups. This study used a cross-sectional, comparative design with data collection sites in Las Matas, DR and Boston, USA. Sample: Data were collection in Dominican Republic (DR) (n = 180) during a 2 week trip where health care was provided in rural mountain villages by a group of volunteer nurses from the US (Intercultural Nursing, Inc.). Data was collected in United States (US) (n = 160) through linkages to community organizations and functions (e.g., YMCA, BoysÆ and GirlsÆ clubs, street fairs, sporting events). Instruments: Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) (CDC, 1999)- 99 items measures: injuries, tobacco, alcohol and drug use, sexual behaviors, dietary behaviors, physical activity; Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES) (Rosenberg, 1965) -10 items; Social Influence Indicators-5 items (parents, family, friends, school, church) rated on a 0 (no influence) to 10 (very strong influence) scale. Preliminary Impressions: Risk taking behaviors in adolescents is universal. Specific risk-taking behaviors appear to be a function of: economic resources; environmental accessibility; technology; issues related to a closed vs. open society; family, social, legal, and religious sanctions; social influences and role modeling; and adolescent transition into adulthood. Implications: Both culture of birth and culture of environment must be considered when assessing and intervening with adolescents. Universal as well as culturally-specific risk-taking behaviors must be considered and addressed in the provision of health care services and programs for adolescents. Risk-taking behaviors must be considered in the contexts of other positive and negative psychological and social influences.
Repository Posting Date: 27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication: 17-Oct-2011
Sponsors: Eastern Nursing Research Society
Appears in Collections: ENRS - Eastern Nursing Research Society

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