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Virginia Henderson International Nursing e-Repository > Registry of Nursing Research Conference Abstracts > ENRS - Eastern Nursing Research Society > Adolescent Risk Behavior, Self Esteem, and Social Influence: Comparison of Dominican Youth in Their Homeland and in the United States

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163500
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Category: Abstract
Type: Presentation
Title: Adolescent Risk Behavior, Self Esteem, and Social Influence: Comparison of Dominican Youth in Their Homeland and in the United States
Author(s): Babinton, Lynn
Kelley, Barbara R.
Patsdaughter, Carol A.
Author Details: Lynn Babington, PhD, RN, Associate Professor, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, email: l.babington@neu.edu; Barbara R. Kelley, EdD, MPH, CPNP; Carol A. Patsdaughter, PhD, RN, ACRN
Abstract: Significance: Knowledge of health promoting practices and health risk behaviors of different groups is essential for the provision of culturally relevant and competent care. Children and adolescents hold a unique place of importance to any cultural group--they are the depositories and purveyors of cultural beliefs and traditions. Literature on adolescents has consistently suggested that this stage of development is universally associated with risk-taking, questioning self esteem, and shifting social influences as adolescents strive to assert their independent and challenge authority. Purpose: The purpose of this study was twofold: to describe the risk behaviors, self-esteem, and social influences of Dominican adolescents living in their homeland and the US, and to identify differences between these two groups. This study used a cross-sectional, comparative design with data collection sites in Las Matas, DR and Boston, USA. Sample: Data were collection in Dominican Republic (DR) (n = 180) during a 2 week trip where health care was provided in rural mountain villages by a group of volunteer nurses from the US (Intercultural Nursing, Inc.). Data was collected in United States (US) (n = 160) through linkages to community organizations and functions (e.g., YMCA, Boys' and Girls' clubs, street fairs, sporting events). Instruments: Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) (CDC, 1999)- 99 items measures: injuries, tobacco, alcohol and drug use, sexual behaviors, dietary behaviors, physical activity; Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES) (Rosenberg, 1965) -10 items; Social Influence Indicators-5 items (parents, family, friends, school, church) rated on a 0 (no influence) to 10 (very strong influence) scale. Preliminary Impressions: Risk taking behaviors in adolescents is universal. Specific risk-taking behaviors appear to be a function of: economic resources; environmental accessibility; technology; issues related to a closed vs. open society; family, social, legal, and religious sanctions; social influences and role modeling; and adolescent transition into adulthood. Implications: Both culture of birth and culture of environment must be considered when assessing and intervening with adolescents. Universal as well as culturally-specific risk-taking behaviors must be considered and addressed in the provision of health care services and programs for adolescents. Risk-taking behaviors must be considered in the contexts of other positive and negative psychological and social influences.
Repository Posting Date: 27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication: 27-Oct-2011
Conference Date: 2005
Conference Name: 17th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host: Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location: New York, New York, USA
Description: �Translational Research for Quality Health Outcomes: Affecting Practice and Healthcare Policy�, held on April 7th -9th at the Roosevelt Hotel, New York
Note: This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.
Appears in Collections: ENRS - Eastern Nursing Research Society

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