2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163532
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Cervical Cancer Among African Americans
Author(s):
Ho-Shing, Donna
Author Details:
Donna M. Ho-Shing, Ph.D., R.N., C.N.O.R., C.N.L., Assistant Professor of Nursing, Associate Chair Undergraduate Department, Seton Hall University College of Nursing, South Orange, New Jersey, USA, email: donna.ho-shing@shu.edu
Abstract:
Purpose: Although cervical cancer remains a highly curable disease the death rate for African Americans is still high. Little research has examined African American women's knowledge concerning cervical cancer screening and their effect on adherence to a screening schedule. This research seeks to identify whether knowledge of cervical cancer prevention and screening affects adherence to a cervical cancer screening schedule, and intention to have a Pap smear, and whether this intention will affect adherence to a screening schedule. Methods: The descriptive correlational design used a created questionnaire tested for reliability and validity, issued to 110 women with a return of sixty. The questionnaire collected demographic data, reasons for having or not having a Pap smear, knowledge of cervical cancer, screening, and prevention, adherence to a screening schedule, and intention to have a Pap smear. Data were subjected to Spearman's rho tests. Results: There was no statistical significance between knowledge and adherence to a cervical cancer screening schedule, r(58) = -.10 and p = .430), neither intention to have a Pap smear, r(58) = -.02 and p = .870). There was a statistical significance, r(58) = .37 and p = .004), between intention to have a Pap smear and adherence to a cervical cancer screening schedule. Older women tended not to have had a Pap smear, did not intend to have one, and were less knowledgeable. Conclusions and Implications: Knowledge of cervical cancer, prevention and screening has no effect on the adherence to a cervical cancer screening schedule, neither does it have an effect on intention to have a Pap smear. However, women who intend to have a Pap smear will adhere to a cervical cancer screening schedule. Focus needs to be placed on cultural and older African American women's beliefs toward cervical cancer screening in order to change behavior.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2005
Conference Name:
17th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
New York, New York, USA
Description:
�Translational Research for Quality Health Outcomes: Affecting Practice and Healthcare Policy�, held on April 7th -9th at the Roosevelt Hotel, New York
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCervical Cancer Among African Americansen_GB
dc.contributor.authorHo-Shing, Donnaen_US
dc.author.detailsDonna M. Ho-Shing, Ph.D., R.N., C.N.O.R., C.N.L., Assistant Professor of Nursing, Associate Chair Undergraduate Department, Seton Hall University College of Nursing, South Orange, New Jersey, USA, email: donna.ho-shing@shu.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163532-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Although cervical cancer remains a highly curable disease the death rate for African Americans is still high. Little research has examined African American women's knowledge concerning cervical cancer screening and their effect on adherence to a screening schedule. This research seeks to identify whether knowledge of cervical cancer prevention and screening affects adherence to a cervical cancer screening schedule, and intention to have a Pap smear, and whether this intention will affect adherence to a screening schedule. Methods: The descriptive correlational design used a created questionnaire tested for reliability and validity, issued to 110 women with a return of sixty. The questionnaire collected demographic data, reasons for having or not having a Pap smear, knowledge of cervical cancer, screening, and prevention, adherence to a screening schedule, and intention to have a Pap smear. Data were subjected to Spearman's rho tests. Results: There was no statistical significance between knowledge and adherence to a cervical cancer screening schedule, r(58) = -.10 and p = .430), neither intention to have a Pap smear, r(58) = -.02 and p = .870). There was a statistical significance, r(58) = .37 and p = .004), between intention to have a Pap smear and adherence to a cervical cancer screening schedule. Older women tended not to have had a Pap smear, did not intend to have one, and were less knowledgeable. Conclusions and Implications: Knowledge of cervical cancer, prevention and screening has no effect on the adherence to a cervical cancer screening schedule, neither does it have an effect on intention to have a Pap smear. However, women who intend to have a Pap smear will adhere to a cervical cancer screening schedule. Focus needs to be placed on cultural and older African American women's beliefs toward cervical cancer screening in order to change behavior.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:09:11Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:09:11Z-
dc.conference.date2005en_US
dc.conference.name17th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationNew York, New York, USAen_US
dc.description�Translational Research for Quality Health Outcomes: Affecting Practice and Healthcare Policy�, held on April 7th -9th at the Roosevelt Hotel, New Yorken_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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