Development and validation of the Health Belief Questionnaire in college women: Preliminary results

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163560
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Development and validation of the Health Belief Questionnaire in college women: Preliminary results
Author(s):
Reiser, Lorraine; Kim, Yookyung; Schlenk, Elizabeth A.
Author Details:
Lorraine Reiser, MSN, RN, Doctoral Student, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennylvania, USA, email: reiserlm@carlow.edu; Yookyung Kim, PhD; Elizabeth A. Schlenk, PhD, RN
Abstract:
Purpose: Becker's Health Belief Model (HBM) provides a theoretical framework for promoting healthy behaviors. Based on the HBM, a multidimensional instrument, The Health Belief Questionnaire (HBQ),which consists of three a priori constructs: "perceived susceptibility", "perceived severity", and "perceived preventability" of chronic disease states, was developed. The purposes of this study were to: 1) explore and describe the patterns of health beliefs in a sample of college students; 2) evaluate the psychometric properties of the HBQ in terms of reliability, factor structure, and convergent validity. Methods: The 12 item, 5 point Likert scale tool with additional open ended questions related to decision making was constructed and administered to 60 students. Descriptive statistics, reliability, unidimensionality and convergent validity were conducted. T-tests were performed to identify significance among reporters of identified themes from the open-ended questions. Results: The HBQ total score demonstrates an acceptable internal consistency for an immature scale (alpha=.74). Individual subscale items demonstrate a significant relationship with the associated primary construct as supported by the corrected Cronbach's Alpha criteria. The standard error of measurement for the sub-scales ranges from 1.81 to 3.53, indicating low measurement error. Exploratory factor analysis supported unidimensional factor structure of subscales and further confirmed a significant relationship between the "Severity" and "Susceptibility" scores, supporting the HBM. Reporters of knowledge as a decision making factor had significantly different Susceptibility and Severity scores, supporting convergent validity. Conclusion/Implication: The HBQ is a reliable and valid measure in this population. Correlations between Knowledge and the Susceptibility and Severity scores provide evidence of construct validity of the HBQ, and support knowledge as a contributor to the perceived threat of chronic disease states. Future studies should examine the ability of the HBQ to predict health behavior choices and apply the HBQ to more diverse populations.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2005
Conference Name:
17th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
New York, New York, USA
Description:
�Translational Research for Quality Health Outcomes: Affecting Practice and Healthcare Policy�, held on April 7th -9th at the Roosevelt Hotel, New York
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDevelopment and validation of the Health Belief Questionnaire in college women: Preliminary resultsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorReiser, Lorraineen_US
dc.contributor.authorKim, Yookyungen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchlenk, Elizabeth A.en_US
dc.author.detailsLorraine Reiser, MSN, RN, Doctoral Student, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennylvania, USA, email: reiserlm@carlow.edu; Yookyung Kim, PhD; Elizabeth A. Schlenk, PhD, RNen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163560-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Becker's Health Belief Model (HBM) provides a theoretical framework for promoting healthy behaviors. Based on the HBM, a multidimensional instrument, The Health Belief Questionnaire (HBQ),which consists of three a priori constructs: "perceived susceptibility", "perceived severity", and "perceived preventability" of chronic disease states, was developed. The purposes of this study were to: 1) explore and describe the patterns of health beliefs in a sample of college students; 2) evaluate the psychometric properties of the HBQ in terms of reliability, factor structure, and convergent validity. Methods: The 12 item, 5 point Likert scale tool with additional open ended questions related to decision making was constructed and administered to 60 students. Descriptive statistics, reliability, unidimensionality and convergent validity were conducted. T-tests were performed to identify significance among reporters of identified themes from the open-ended questions. Results: The HBQ total score demonstrates an acceptable internal consistency for an immature scale (alpha=.74). Individual subscale items demonstrate a significant relationship with the associated primary construct as supported by the corrected Cronbach's Alpha criteria. The standard error of measurement for the sub-scales ranges from 1.81 to 3.53, indicating low measurement error. Exploratory factor analysis supported unidimensional factor structure of subscales and further confirmed a significant relationship between the "Severity" and "Susceptibility" scores, supporting the HBM. Reporters of knowledge as a decision making factor had significantly different Susceptibility and Severity scores, supporting convergent validity. Conclusion/Implication: The HBQ is a reliable and valid measure in this population. Correlations between Knowledge and the Susceptibility and Severity scores provide evidence of construct validity of the HBQ, and support knowledge as a contributor to the perceived threat of chronic disease states. Future studies should examine the ability of the HBQ to predict health behavior choices and apply the HBQ to more diverse populations.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:09:41Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:09:41Z-
dc.conference.date2005en_US
dc.conference.name17th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationNew York, New York, USAen_US
dc.description�Translational Research for Quality Health Outcomes: Affecting Practice and Healthcare Policy�, held on April 7th -9th at the Roosevelt Hotel, New Yorken_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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