Institutions for the practice of nursing and midwifery: Implications for the development of professional disciplines

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163609
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Institutions for the practice of nursing and midwifery: Implications for the development of professional disciplines
Author(s):
Dawley, Katy
Author Details:
Katy Dawley, Drexel University, College of Nursing & Health Professions, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, email: kdawley@drexel.edu
Abstract:
Purpose: Freestanding birth centers and nurse managed nursing centers, institutions specific for the practice of nurse-midwives and nurse-practitioners, are foci for clinical research and professional development. I will argue that they enhance professional autonomy, control of entry into practice, and self-regulation - all markers of professionalization. At the end of the nineteenth century public health nurses pioneered moving nursing practice out of the hospital, an institution specifically for the practice of medicine, and into community based visiting associations which were institutions specifically for the practice of nursing. Then, during the 1920's and 1930's institutions specifically for the practice of nurse-midwifery opened in Hyden, Kentucky and New York City. Using the perspective of class, gender and power, I will analyze the advent and professional impact of freestanding birth centers and nurse managed health centers in the late twentieth century. Specific Aims: Previous historical research on the history of public health nursing and nurse midwifery has not looked at the development and practice implications of discipline specific institutions. I will analyze the origins and professional impact of midwifery and advanced practice nursing controlled institutions from the perspective of gender, class, power, during the first and last quarters of the twentieth century. Methods: Historical methodology will be used in this study. Primary sources include material from the Rockefeller Foundation, The Philadelphia College of Physicians, the University of Pennsylvania Center for the Study of the History of Nursing, Maternity Center Association Archives, and historical documents from individual nurse-managed centers. Secondary sources include period and current journal articles, and histories of nursing and nurse-midwifery. Results and Conclusions: Institutions specific for the advanced practice of nursing and midwifery foster professional development by providing opportunity for discipline based research, practice autonomy, and education of future practitioners. Implications for Nursing Practice and Knowledge Development in Nursing: Explication of the historical development of freestanding birth centers and nurse managed health centers is significant for advanced practice today as we face intense economic and professional threats. These institutions provide practice sites in which discipline specific research can shape both practice and the education of new practitioners. Knowledge gained from this study can help us build on past success and avoid past failures as we move the advanced practices of nursing and midwifery into the twenty-first century.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2002
Conference Name:
14th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
University Park, Pennsylvania, USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleInstitutions for the practice of nursing and midwifery: Implications for the development of professional disciplinesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorDawley, Katyen_US
dc.author.detailsKaty Dawley, Drexel University, College of Nursing & Health Professions, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, email: kdawley@drexel.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163609-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Freestanding birth centers and nurse managed nursing centers, institutions specific for the practice of nurse-midwives and nurse-practitioners, are foci for clinical research and professional development. I will argue that they enhance professional autonomy, control of entry into practice, and self-regulation - all markers of professionalization. At the end of the nineteenth century public health nurses pioneered moving nursing practice out of the hospital, an institution specifically for the practice of medicine, and into community based visiting associations which were institutions specifically for the practice of nursing. Then, during the 1920's and 1930's institutions specifically for the practice of nurse-midwifery opened in Hyden, Kentucky and New York City. Using the perspective of class, gender and power, I will analyze the advent and professional impact of freestanding birth centers and nurse managed health centers in the late twentieth century. Specific Aims: Previous historical research on the history of public health nursing and nurse midwifery has not looked at the development and practice implications of discipline specific institutions. I will analyze the origins and professional impact of midwifery and advanced practice nursing controlled institutions from the perspective of gender, class, power, during the first and last quarters of the twentieth century. Methods: Historical methodology will be used in this study. Primary sources include material from the Rockefeller Foundation, The Philadelphia College of Physicians, the University of Pennsylvania Center for the Study of the History of Nursing, Maternity Center Association Archives, and historical documents from individual nurse-managed centers. Secondary sources include period and current journal articles, and histories of nursing and nurse-midwifery. Results and Conclusions: Institutions specific for the advanced practice of nursing and midwifery foster professional development by providing opportunity for discipline based research, practice autonomy, and education of future practitioners. Implications for Nursing Practice and Knowledge Development in Nursing: Explication of the historical development of freestanding birth centers and nurse managed health centers is significant for advanced practice today as we face intense economic and professional threats. These institutions provide practice sites in which discipline specific research can shape both practice and the education of new practitioners. Knowledge gained from this study can help us build on past success and avoid past failures as we move the advanced practices of nursing and midwifery into the twenty-first century.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:10:35Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:10:35Z-
dc.conference.date2002en_US
dc.conference.name14th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationUniversity Park, Pennsylvania, USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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