The relationship between nicotine dependence and future smoking intention among female teenage smokers

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163633
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The relationship between nicotine dependence and future smoking intention among female teenage smokers
Author(s):
Hanson, Mary
Author Details:
Mary Hanson, University of Scranton, Department of Nursing, Leighton, Pennsylvania, USA, email: hansonm2@scranton.edu
Abstract:
Tobacco smoking, in general, is regarded as an addiction. However, limited studies have addressed the contribution of nicotine dependence to continued cigarette smoking among teenagers. This study collected data on nicotine dependence, as defined by the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND), and future smoking intention, as defined by Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior, among 73 African-American, 71 Puerto Rican, and 72 non-Hispanic White teenage female smokers, aged 13 to 19 years. The FTND is a six-question tool, with possible scores ranging from 0-10, that objectively measures nicotine dependency. Using the FTND, for African-Americans, 60% reported very low nicotine dependence (scores 0-2), 19% moderate nicotine dependence (scores 3-4), and 21% nicotine addicted (scores 5-10). For Puerto Ricans, 64% very low dependence, 23% moderate dependence, and 13% nicotine addicted. For non-Hispanic Whites, 55% very low, 17% moderate, and 28% nicotine addicted. Chi-square analysis revealed that the ethnic groups did not differ significantly by FTND scores (4, N=210) = 5.02, p=.29. It is of interest, however, that the FTND contributed significantly to future smoking intention for only the Puerto Rican group (B = .42, p< .01), where it accounted for 18% of the variance in smoking intention. The FTND did not contribute to smoking intention among African-American or non-Hispanic White smokers. In conclusion, the FTND, an objective measure of nicotine dependence, was found to predict future smoking intention among Puerto Rican female smokers. In contrast, nicotine dependence was not found to be a significant contributor to continued smoking among White and African-American teens who smoke. These findings suggest that nicotine dependence needs to be addressed when planning smoking cessation programs for Puerto Rican teenage women. The findings also suggest that ethnic group differences exist with regard to the contribution of nicotine dependence to continued smoking in young females. However, larger studies of these ethnically diverse groups are recommended.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2002
Conference Name:
14th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
University Park, Pennsylvania, USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe relationship between nicotine dependence and future smoking intention among female teenage smokersen_GB
dc.contributor.authorHanson, Maryen_US
dc.author.detailsMary Hanson, University of Scranton, Department of Nursing, Leighton, Pennsylvania, USA, email: hansonm2@scranton.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163633-
dc.description.abstractTobacco smoking, in general, is regarded as an addiction. However, limited studies have addressed the contribution of nicotine dependence to continued cigarette smoking among teenagers. This study collected data on nicotine dependence, as defined by the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND), and future smoking intention, as defined by Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior, among 73 African-American, 71 Puerto Rican, and 72 non-Hispanic White teenage female smokers, aged 13 to 19 years. The FTND is a six-question tool, with possible scores ranging from 0-10, that objectively measures nicotine dependency. Using the FTND, for African-Americans, 60% reported very low nicotine dependence (scores 0-2), 19% moderate nicotine dependence (scores 3-4), and 21% nicotine addicted (scores 5-10). For Puerto Ricans, 64% very low dependence, 23% moderate dependence, and 13% nicotine addicted. For non-Hispanic Whites, 55% very low, 17% moderate, and 28% nicotine addicted. Chi-square analysis revealed that the ethnic groups did not differ significantly by FTND scores (4, N=210) = 5.02, p=.29. It is of interest, however, that the FTND contributed significantly to future smoking intention for only the Puerto Rican group (B = .42, p< .01), where it accounted for 18% of the variance in smoking intention. The FTND did not contribute to smoking intention among African-American or non-Hispanic White smokers. In conclusion, the FTND, an objective measure of nicotine dependence, was found to predict future smoking intention among Puerto Rican female smokers. In contrast, nicotine dependence was not found to be a significant contributor to continued smoking among White and African-American teens who smoke. These findings suggest that nicotine dependence needs to be addressed when planning smoking cessation programs for Puerto Rican teenage women. The findings also suggest that ethnic group differences exist with regard to the contribution of nicotine dependence to continued smoking in young females. However, larger studies of these ethnically diverse groups are recommended.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:11:01Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:11:01Z-
dc.conference.date2002en_US
dc.conference.name14th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationUniversity Park, Pennsylvania, USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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