Testing a mediating effect of stress on abuse and suicidal behavior relationship in women experiencing abuse

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163649
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Testing a mediating effect of stress on abuse and suicidal behavior relationship in women experiencing abuse
Author(s):
Kim, Yookyung; Constantino, Rose E.
Author Details:
Yookyung Kim, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, email: ykk@pitt.edu; Rose E. Constantino
Abstract:
Purpose: Abuse has been found to be the single most important cause of female suicides. There is little research focusing on the identification of variables that mediate the link between partner abuse and suicidal behavior in women experiencing abuse. The purpose of this study is to test a model of suicidal behavior and identify mediating variables between abuse and suicidal behavior in women experiencing abuse. Specific Aims/Hypotheses: The first specific aim was to examine the relationship between abuse and suicidal behavior. To this aim, we hypothesized that abuse has a direct effect on suicidal behavior. The second specific aim was to examine mediating effect of stress in the relationship between abuse and suicidal behavior. We hypothesized that the effect of abuse on suicidal behavior diminishes upon the addition of stress in the path analytic model. Framework: While no single theory explains the etiology of suicidal behavior, for this study, we looked to Selye's (1956) theory of stress and its impact on the abused woman's physical and mental health as linked with suicidal behavior. Methods: This study was designed to evaluate causal pathways in the abuse and suicidal behavior using baseline data of a study evaluating the effects of a group intervention program for women experiencing abuse by their male intimate partner. The sample consisted of women (N=30) who were first time residents of Womans place, a temporary shelter for abused women in Western Pennsylvania. Their ages ranged from 21 to 45 years with a mean of 35.50 years (S.D.= 7.02). Instruments included measures of severity of abuse (Life Experience Survey), suicidal behavior (Scales of Suicide Ideation-Current) and stress (Perceived Stress Scale). Path analysis was used to test a model of suicidal behavior in women experiencing abuse and examine mediating effect of stress in the relationship between abuse and suicidal behavior. Results/Conclusion: Results on path analyses showed a direct relationship between abuse and suicidal behavior with path coefficient (-.42) and p value (p=.02). Results also showed that stress can be considered a mediator because (1) the IV (abuse) significantly affected the mediator (stress) having a path coefficient value of -.41 (p=.03), (2) the mediator (stress) had a significant unique effect on the DV (suicidal behavior) with a path coefficient value of .32 (p=.07) and (3) the effect of the IV (abuse) on the DV (suicidal behavior) diminished (from -.42, p=.02 to -.29, p=.12) upon the addition of the mediator (stress) on the model. Implications: Results of this study have important implications in the development of a treatment modality that reduces stress and attenuate the strength of the link between abuse and suicidal behavior. Results of this study, although cannot be generalized to other populations of abused women puts a burden of responsibility on health professionals to identify other mediating variables affecting women's response to the abusive experience.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2002
Conference Name:
14th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
University Park, Pennsylvania, USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleTesting a mediating effect of stress on abuse and suicidal behavior relationship in women experiencing abuseen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKim, Yookyungen_US
dc.contributor.authorConstantino, Rose E.en_US
dc.author.detailsYookyung Kim, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, email: ykk@pitt.edu; Rose E. Constantinoen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163649-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Abuse has been found to be the single most important cause of female suicides. There is little research focusing on the identification of variables that mediate the link between partner abuse and suicidal behavior in women experiencing abuse. The purpose of this study is to test a model of suicidal behavior and identify mediating variables between abuse and suicidal behavior in women experiencing abuse. Specific Aims/Hypotheses: The first specific aim was to examine the relationship between abuse and suicidal behavior. To this aim, we hypothesized that abuse has a direct effect on suicidal behavior. The second specific aim was to examine mediating effect of stress in the relationship between abuse and suicidal behavior. We hypothesized that the effect of abuse on suicidal behavior diminishes upon the addition of stress in the path analytic model. Framework: While no single theory explains the etiology of suicidal behavior, for this study, we looked to Selye's (1956) theory of stress and its impact on the abused woman's physical and mental health as linked with suicidal behavior. Methods: This study was designed to evaluate causal pathways in the abuse and suicidal behavior using baseline data of a study evaluating the effects of a group intervention program for women experiencing abuse by their male intimate partner. The sample consisted of women (N=30) who were first time residents of Womans place, a temporary shelter for abused women in Western Pennsylvania. Their ages ranged from 21 to 45 years with a mean of 35.50 years (S.D.= 7.02). Instruments included measures of severity of abuse (Life Experience Survey), suicidal behavior (Scales of Suicide Ideation-Current) and stress (Perceived Stress Scale). Path analysis was used to test a model of suicidal behavior in women experiencing abuse and examine mediating effect of stress in the relationship between abuse and suicidal behavior. Results/Conclusion: Results on path analyses showed a direct relationship between abuse and suicidal behavior with path coefficient (-.42) and p value (p=.02). Results also showed that stress can be considered a mediator because (1) the IV (abuse) significantly affected the mediator (stress) having a path coefficient value of -.41 (p=.03), (2) the mediator (stress) had a significant unique effect on the DV (suicidal behavior) with a path coefficient value of .32 (p=.07) and (3) the effect of the IV (abuse) on the DV (suicidal behavior) diminished (from -.42, p=.02 to -.29, p=.12) upon the addition of the mediator (stress) on the model. Implications: Results of this study have important implications in the development of a treatment modality that reduces stress and attenuate the strength of the link between abuse and suicidal behavior. Results of this study, although cannot be generalized to other populations of abused women puts a burden of responsibility on health professionals to identify other mediating variables affecting women's response to the abusive experience.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:11:19Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:11:19Z-
dc.conference.date2002en_US
dc.conference.name14th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationUniversity Park, Pennsylvania, USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.