Instrument Development and Evaluation of Populations Across the Lifespan: Five Exemplars

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163758
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Instrument Development and Evaluation of Populations Across the Lifespan: Five Exemplars
Author(s):
LaCoursiere, Sheryl
Author Details:
Sheryl LaCoursiere, University of Connecticut, School of Nursing, Storrs, Connecticut, USA, email: sheryl.lacoursiere@uconn.edu
Abstract:
The purpose of this symposium is to present five exemplars of instrument development and evaluation, representing a lifespan continuum. Instruments representing critical needs of children, young adults, childbearing women, the middle-aged and the elderly were developed in a collaborative effort representing educators, doctoral students, and clinical practitioners from three New England universities. Attitudes and behaviors related to these populations are assessed in an attempt to answer urgent questions facing nursing research and patient care. The specific aims of the symposium are to highlight the development of instruments to assess five specific populations. The instruments include: evaluation of sources of social support in children of divorce, attitudes of baccalaureate nursing students toward Nurse Practitioners as Primary Care Providers (PCPs), attitudes toward emergency contraception, attitudes toward online health care (ATOHC) in a primarily middle aged population, and behavioral assessment of Alzheimer's disease patients. The five instruments represent a range on the continuum of instrument development. A variety of procedures from ranging item generation and construct definition, to content validation and item analysis, to exploratory factor analysis and alpha internal consistency reliability, are considered. The instruments represent many critical issues for nursing practice and knowledge development. Within the lifespan, as an increasing number of children face sequelae of divorce, social support increases markedly as a concern. In a college age population, the increasing use of nurse practitioners as primary care providers represents a radical shift from standard care delivery, necessitating new means of assessment of client attitude. In addition, as the increasing number of adolescents enter their reproductive years, contraceptive issues have come increasingly to the forefront of women's health for childbearing women. In middle aged persons, the primary consumers of Internet health information, a baseline must be established so that other age groups can be assessed and compared in order to develop appropriate content and online interventions to address the exponentially increasing trend toward Internet-based management for routine issues in care delivery. Finally, as baby boomers age, anxiety over the devastation of Alzheimer's disease rises prominently as a concern. The timely development of effective instruments in populations across the lifespan advances the science of nursing by providing measurement tools to quantify new and emerging constructs, and further refine existing ones. The populations represented in this symposium reflect the future of nursing. Through the use of newly developed valid and reliable instruments, timely answers to major critical questions may be answered. The identification of new constructs greatly increases the focus of targeted nursing research, with subsequent significant benefits to patient care, as well as the advancement of nursing science.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2001
Conference Name:
ENRS 13th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Atlantic City, New Jersey, USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleInstrument Development and Evaluation of Populations Across the Lifespan: Five Exemplarsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLaCoursiere, Sherylen_US
dc.author.detailsSheryl LaCoursiere, University of Connecticut, School of Nursing, Storrs, Connecticut, USA, email: sheryl.lacoursiere@uconn.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163758-
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this symposium is to present five exemplars of instrument development and evaluation, representing a lifespan continuum. Instruments representing critical needs of children, young adults, childbearing women, the middle-aged and the elderly were developed in a collaborative effort representing educators, doctoral students, and clinical practitioners from three New England universities. Attitudes and behaviors related to these populations are assessed in an attempt to answer urgent questions facing nursing research and patient care. The specific aims of the symposium are to highlight the development of instruments to assess five specific populations. The instruments include: evaluation of sources of social support in children of divorce, attitudes of baccalaureate nursing students toward Nurse Practitioners as Primary Care Providers (PCPs), attitudes toward emergency contraception, attitudes toward online health care (ATOHC) in a primarily middle aged population, and behavioral assessment of Alzheimer's disease patients. The five instruments represent a range on the continuum of instrument development. A variety of procedures from ranging item generation and construct definition, to content validation and item analysis, to exploratory factor analysis and alpha internal consistency reliability, are considered. The instruments represent many critical issues for nursing practice and knowledge development. Within the lifespan, as an increasing number of children face sequelae of divorce, social support increases markedly as a concern. In a college age population, the increasing use of nurse practitioners as primary care providers represents a radical shift from standard care delivery, necessitating new means of assessment of client attitude. In addition, as the increasing number of adolescents enter their reproductive years, contraceptive issues have come increasingly to the forefront of women's health for childbearing women. In middle aged persons, the primary consumers of Internet health information, a baseline must be established so that other age groups can be assessed and compared in order to develop appropriate content and online interventions to address the exponentially increasing trend toward Internet-based management for routine issues in care delivery. Finally, as baby boomers age, anxiety over the devastation of Alzheimer's disease rises prominently as a concern. The timely development of effective instruments in populations across the lifespan advances the science of nursing by providing measurement tools to quantify new and emerging constructs, and further refine existing ones. The populations represented in this symposium reflect the future of nursing. Through the use of newly developed valid and reliable instruments, timely answers to major critical questions may be answered. The identification of new constructs greatly increases the focus of targeted nursing research, with subsequent significant benefits to patient care, as well as the advancement of nursing science.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:13:19Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:13:19Z-
dc.conference.date2001en_US
dc.conference.nameENRS 13th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationAtlantic City, New Jersey, USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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