The Development Of An Instrument To Measure Attitudes Towards Emergency Contraception

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163761
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Development Of An Instrument To Measure Attitudes Towards Emergency Contraception
Author(s):
Klima, Carrie
Author Details:
Carrie Klima, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Nursing, Chicago, Illinios, USA, email: cklima@uic.edu
Abstract:
Purpose: The purpose of this investigation is to develop a reliable and valid instrument to measure attitudes about emergency contraception. Research question(s) or specific aim(s): What are women's attitudes about emergency contraception for themselves? What are women's attitudes about emergency contraception for all women? Methods: The construct and related concepts were defined. Items were generated from a review of the literature and clinical practice. Expert judges reviewed the instrument for content validity and the inter-rater reliability of the instrument was established. Revisions were made and the instrument was administered to a pilot sample of 20 reproductive age women. Results and conclusions: Initial inter-rater reliability and content validity of the instrument was found to be .71. Revisions were made and the instrument was returned to expert judges for review. The revised instrument was found to have a content validity index of .95 and inter-rater reliability of .91. The resulting instrument was distributed to a convenience sample of 20 women in a private midwifery practice in Connecticut. The initial alpha reliability coefficient for the scale was .91. Item analysis revealed some poorly correlated items as well as highly correlated items. When these items were removed, the alpha coefficient increased to .94. The item mean for the scale was 3.52 indicating that there was adequate variance in responses to the items in the scale. Implications for nursing practice and knowledge development in nursing: Little is known about women's attitudes about emergency contraception and it is likely that attitudes might affect women's use of the method as a means to prevent unintended pregnancy. The instrument proved to be highly reliable in this particular sample. While the sample size was small, the current instrument is an important first step in the beginning exploration of women's attitudes about emergency contraception. Throughout the process of development, content validity of the instrument and inter-rater reliability was established. Information from this and future studies will help to inform women's health providers about the attitudes of women about emergency contraception and may help to direct educational and practice-related efforts in the areas of pregnancy prevention. Future research should focus upon on a more ethnic, racial and economically diverse sample. Exploratory factor analysis will inform construct validity and explore domains or sub-scales that might be present.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2001
Conference Name:
ENRS 13th Annual Scientific Sessions
Conference Host:
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Conference Location:
Atlantic City, New Jersey, USA
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Development Of An Instrument To Measure Attitudes Towards Emergency Contraceptionen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKlima, Carrieen_US
dc.author.detailsCarrie Klima, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Nursing, Chicago, Illinios, USA, email: cklima@uic.eduen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163761-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The purpose of this investigation is to develop a reliable and valid instrument to measure attitudes about emergency contraception. Research question(s) or specific aim(s): What are women's attitudes about emergency contraception for themselves? What are women's attitudes about emergency contraception for all women? Methods: The construct and related concepts were defined. Items were generated from a review of the literature and clinical practice. Expert judges reviewed the instrument for content validity and the inter-rater reliability of the instrument was established. Revisions were made and the instrument was administered to a pilot sample of 20 reproductive age women. Results and conclusions: Initial inter-rater reliability and content validity of the instrument was found to be .71. Revisions were made and the instrument was returned to expert judges for review. The revised instrument was found to have a content validity index of .95 and inter-rater reliability of .91. The resulting instrument was distributed to a convenience sample of 20 women in a private midwifery practice in Connecticut. The initial alpha reliability coefficient for the scale was .91. Item analysis revealed some poorly correlated items as well as highly correlated items. When these items were removed, the alpha coefficient increased to .94. The item mean for the scale was 3.52 indicating that there was adequate variance in responses to the items in the scale. Implications for nursing practice and knowledge development in nursing: Little is known about women's attitudes about emergency contraception and it is likely that attitudes might affect women's use of the method as a means to prevent unintended pregnancy. The instrument proved to be highly reliable in this particular sample. While the sample size was small, the current instrument is an important first step in the beginning exploration of women's attitudes about emergency contraception. Throughout the process of development, content validity of the instrument and inter-rater reliability was established. Information from this and future studies will help to inform women's health providers about the attitudes of women about emergency contraception and may help to direct educational and practice-related efforts in the areas of pregnancy prevention. Future research should focus upon on a more ethnic, racial and economically diverse sample. Exploratory factor analysis will inform construct validity and explore domains or sub-scales that might be present.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:13:22Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:13:22Z-
dc.conference.date2001en_US
dc.conference.nameENRS 13th Annual Scientific Sessionsen_US
dc.conference.hostEastern Nursing Research Societyen_US
dc.conference.locationAtlantic City, New Jersey, USAen_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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