Female Decision Making Power Positively Affects Nutritional Status of Women and Children in Rural Bangladesh

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163870
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Female Decision Making Power Positively Affects Nutritional Status of Women and Children in Rural Bangladesh
Author(s):
Stallkamp, Gudrun; de Pee, S.; Panagides, D.; Akhter, N.; Moench-Pfanner, R.; Bloem, M. W.
Author Details:
Gudrun Stallkamp, Nutrition Program Officer, Helen Keller International/ Bangladesh, DOHS Baridhara, Dhaka, Bangladesh, email: gudrun@hkidhaka.org; S. de Pee; D. Panagides; N. Akhter; R. Moench-Pfanner; M. W. Bloem
Abstract:
Background: The Bangladeshi population has poor nutritional status. Women have low status and few households (<5%) have a female principal decision maker. Objective: To assess the relationship between the sex of the main decision maker of the household and nutritional status with consideration of socio-economic status. Methods: Nationally representative data were collected by Helen Keller International' Nutritional Surveillance Project in collaboration with the Institute of Public Health Nutrition from 62,912 households in rural Bangladesh in 2004. A questionnaire recorded household information on socio-economic status, sex of the household head (decision maker), and monthly household expenditure. Sex, age, weight, height and pregnancy status of the mother and her children <5 years were assessed for nutritional indices. Results: In all household expenditure quintiles, specifically female-headed households (FHH, 4.6% households), chronic energy deficiency in non-pregnant mothers (body mass index <18.5 kg/m*m) was lower than male-headed households (MHH) (31.9% vs. 37.0%)(poorest quintile: 42.5% FHH vs. 43.3% MHH, wealthiest quintile: 22.4.5% vs. 27.5% respectively). Similarly, throughout expenditure quintiles, child stunting (z-score <-2 SD) was lower in FHH (35.2% vs. 41.1%). The median total household expenditure and on the proportion of the health, education and food expenditure per overall expenditure were higher in FHH, such as the monthly household expenditure per capita was 634 BDT (FHH) and 552 BDT (MHH). A loan for food in the month preceding the interview was taken by 10.8% of FHH compared with 7.2% of MHH. International in- or out-migration within the last year occurred in 18.6% FHH and 2.2% MHH and also was visible throughout expenditure quintiles. Conclusion: Women in control of household resources, invest in food, medical care and education. Greater efforts may increase women's decision-making power to improve health, mental and physical performance of the family.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Host:
McMaster University
Conference Location:
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Description:
2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleFemale Decision Making Power Positively Affects Nutritional Status of Women and Children in Rural Bangladeshen_GB
dc.contributor.authorStallkamp, Gudrunen_US
dc.contributor.authorde Pee, S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPanagides, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorAkhter, N.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMoench-Pfanner, R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBloem, M. W.en_US
dc.author.detailsGudrun Stallkamp, Nutrition Program Officer, Helen Keller International/ Bangladesh, DOHS Baridhara, Dhaka, Bangladesh, email: gudrun@hkidhaka.org; S. de Pee; D. Panagides; N. Akhter; R. Moench-Pfanner; M. W. Bloemen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163870-
dc.description.abstractBackground: The Bangladeshi population has poor nutritional status. Women have low status and few households (<5%) have a female principal decision maker. Objective: To assess the relationship between the sex of the main decision maker of the household and nutritional status with consideration of socio-economic status. Methods: Nationally representative data were collected by Helen Keller International' Nutritional Surveillance Project in collaboration with the Institute of Public Health Nutrition from 62,912 households in rural Bangladesh in 2004. A questionnaire recorded household information on socio-economic status, sex of the household head (decision maker), and monthly household expenditure. Sex, age, weight, height and pregnancy status of the mother and her children <5 years were assessed for nutritional indices. Results: In all household expenditure quintiles, specifically female-headed households (FHH, 4.6% households), chronic energy deficiency in non-pregnant mothers (body mass index <18.5 kg/m*m) was lower than male-headed households (MHH) (31.9% vs. 37.0%)(poorest quintile: 42.5% FHH vs. 43.3% MHH, wealthiest quintile: 22.4.5% vs. 27.5% respectively). Similarly, throughout expenditure quintiles, child stunting (z-score <-2 SD) was lower in FHH (35.2% vs. 41.1%). The median total household expenditure and on the proportion of the health, education and food expenditure per overall expenditure were higher in FHH, such as the monthly household expenditure per capita was 634 BDT (FHH) and 552 BDT (MHH). A loan for food in the month preceding the interview was taken by 10.8% of FHH compared with 7.2% of MHH. International in- or out-migration within the last year occurred in 18.6% FHH and 2.2% MHH and also was visible throughout expenditure quintiles. Conclusion: Women in control of household resources, invest in food, medical care and education. Greater efforts may increase women's decision-making power to improve health, mental and physical performance of the family.en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:33:59Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:33:59Z-
dc.conference.date2006-
dc.conference.hostMcMaster Universityen_US
dc.conference.locationDhaka, Bangladeshen_US
dc.description2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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