Mahila Shanti Sena: Gender and Participatory Politics in North-East India

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/163886
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Mahila Shanti Sena: Gender and Participatory Politics in North-East India
Author(s):
White, Ashley
Author Details:
Ashley White, Student, Arts and Science Programme, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, email: whiteaf2@mcmaster.ca
Abstract:
Purpose: To assess the Mahila Shanti Sena as a preliminary model for facilitating the practice of the Panchayat Raj Institutions in different Indian regions as well as other South Asian countries with similar political reservation systems. Background: The adoption of the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments to the Indian Constitution in 1994 solidified the Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRI) as the decentralized mode of governmental direction for India, as well as introduced a one-third seat reservation for women in all future local Panchayat elections. The implementation of these changes varies in speed and in effectiveness across the nation. This study focuses on the case of the Northeast, including the states of Assam, Bihar, Arunachal Pradesh, and Orissa. The women of the Northeast are the target of the activities of the Mahila Shanti Sena (MSS), an NGO with the threefold mandate of establishing peace in village neighbourhoods, the enforcement of participatory democracy and capacity-building through livelihood opportunities at the village level. For the MSS, women are the basis of both the family and village structures in Northeastern India. The MSS provides education and empowerment opportunities to help communities share this mandate using non-violent, participatory mechanisms. This study aims to assess the MSS as a preliminary model for facilitating the practice of the PRI in other Indian regions as well as in other South Asian countries with similar political reservation systems. The study will explore the modes of operation, structures, networks and beneficiaries of the MSS and will attempt to examine the effectiveness of the PRI in non-MSS versus MSS regions. The effectiveness of the PRI in any given region is determined by the presence of working transparency and accountability structures at each government level, the involvement of women in all areas of local politics as well as the presence of government support for women's development. Further, the study will explore how the MSS has furthered the effectiveness of the PRI in specific target areas. Design: The research methodology is comprised of three main portions. An assessment of the MSS, its leadership, vision and structure in the context of the Northeast is developed through extensive interviews and field visits with founding members and current functionaries. The second portion contains more field visits to villages in approximately five Northeastern states to examine the MSS in conjunction with local political structures and other development organizations. Lastly, the research contains the survey of between 100-200 women from MSS and non-MSS villages in issues relevant to the PRI, employment, education, health and social awareness as well as through several case-studies of selected women. The research will be augmented by interviews with national and state government officials, leaders of non-violent reform movements in modern India and with officials from NGOs also operating in the Northeast. The study will take place from November 2005 - January 2006 with preliminary results and conclusions being available in February 2006.
Repository Posting Date:
27-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
27-Oct-2011
Conference Date:
2006
Conference Host:
McMaster University
Conference Location:
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Description:
2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_US
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMahila Shanti Sena: Gender and Participatory Politics in North-East Indiaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorWhite, Ashleyen_US
dc.author.detailsAshley White, Student, Arts and Science Programme, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, email: whiteaf2@mcmaster.caen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/163886-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: To assess the Mahila Shanti Sena as a preliminary model for facilitating the practice of the Panchayat Raj Institutions in different Indian regions as well as other South Asian countries with similar political reservation systems. Background: The adoption of the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments to the Indian Constitution in 1994 solidified the Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRI) as the decentralized mode of governmental direction for India, as well as introduced a one-third seat reservation for women in all future local Panchayat elections. The implementation of these changes varies in speed and in effectiveness across the nation. This study focuses on the case of the Northeast, including the states of Assam, Bihar, Arunachal Pradesh, and Orissa. The women of the Northeast are the target of the activities of the Mahila Shanti Sena (MSS), an NGO with the threefold mandate of establishing peace in village neighbourhoods, the enforcement of participatory democracy and capacity-building through livelihood opportunities at the village level. For the MSS, women are the basis of both the family and village structures in Northeastern India. The MSS provides education and empowerment opportunities to help communities share this mandate using non-violent, participatory mechanisms. This study aims to assess the MSS as a preliminary model for facilitating the practice of the PRI in other Indian regions as well as in other South Asian countries with similar political reservation systems. The study will explore the modes of operation, structures, networks and beneficiaries of the MSS and will attempt to examine the effectiveness of the PRI in non-MSS versus MSS regions. The effectiveness of the PRI in any given region is determined by the presence of working transparency and accountability structures at each government level, the involvement of women in all areas of local politics as well as the presence of government support for women's development. Further, the study will explore how the MSS has furthered the effectiveness of the PRI in specific target areas. Design: The research methodology is comprised of three main portions. An assessment of the MSS, its leadership, vision and structure in the context of the Northeast is developed through extensive interviews and field visits with founding members and current functionaries. The second portion contains more field visits to villages in approximately five Northeastern states to examine the MSS in conjunction with local political structures and other development organizations. Lastly, the research contains the survey of between 100-200 women from MSS and non-MSS villages in issues relevant to the PRI, employment, education, health and social awareness as well as through several case-studies of selected women. The research will be augmented by interviews with national and state government officials, leaders of non-violent reform movements in modern India and with officials from NGOs also operating in the Northeast. The study will take place from November 2005 - January 2006 with preliminary results and conclusions being available in February 2006.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-27T11:34:17Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-27en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T11:34:17Z-
dc.conference.date2006-
dc.conference.hostMcMaster Universityen_US
dc.conference.locationDhaka, Bangladeshen_US
dc.description2006 International Conference: Dhaka, Bangladesh. The International Conference on the Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children, co-organized by McMaster University and the State University of Bangladesh, is an opportunity for the interdisciplinary exchange of development expertise and will be held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 12-16, 2006.en_US
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission. Alternatively, please contact the conference host, journal, or publisher (according to the circumstance) for further details regarding this item. If a citation is listed in this record, the item has been published and is available via open-access avenues or a journal/database subscription. Contact your library for assistance in obtaining the as-published article.-
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